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Table 2

Human trichinellosis cases documented in Italy from 2005 to 2016 according to hospital discharge records (HDRs), surveillance by the National Reference Laboratory for Trichinella (NRLT), and ECDC reports.

Year Locality (region) No. of cases according to HDRs No. of cases according to NRLT (No. of hospitalized patients) Source of infection (etiological agent)a No. of cases per year according to ECDCb
2005 Ancona (Marche) 1 n.d.c Unknown Italy did not provide any information
Avezzano (Abruzzo) 2 n.d. Hunted wild boar (Tb)
Cagliari (Sardinia)d 4 5 (4) Free ranging pig (Tb)
Nuoro (Sardinia)d 8 8 (8) Free ranging pig (Tb)
Mantua (Lombardy)e n.d. 7 (7) Horse meat imported from Belgium (Tb)
2006 Verona (Veneto) 1 n.d. Pork consumption in Romania (Ts) Italy did not provide any information
Nuoro (Sardinia)f 6g 6 (6) Free ranging pig (Tb)
Lombardy n.d. 3 (3) Imported pork from Romania (Ts)
2007 Nuoro (Sardinia)g 1 1 (1) Free ranging pig (Tb) 1
2008 Tortona (Piedmont) 1 n.d. Pork consumption in Romania (Ts) Italy did not provide any information
Verona (Veneto)h n.d. 4 (4) Pork consumption in Romania (Ts)
2009 Cuneo (Piedmont)i 1 6 (1) Hunted wild boar (Tb) 1
Verona (Veneto) 1 n.d. Imported pork from Romania (Ts)
2010 Monza (Lombardy) 1 n.d. Pork consumption in Romania 0
2011 Nuoro (Sardinia)j n.d. 6 (6) Free ranging pig (Tb) 6
2012 Valle del Serchio (Tuscany)k 1 34 (6) Hunted wild boar (Tb) 33
Treviso (Friuli Venezia Giulia) 1 n.d. Pork consumption in Romania (Ts)
2013 Torino (Piedmont) 1 n.d. pork consumption in Romania (Ts) Italy did not provide any information
2014 Latronico (Basilicata) n.d. 4 (1) Hunted wild boar (Tb) 4
2015 Genova (Liguria) n.d. 30 (4) Suspected hunted wild boar (Tp) 36l
2016 Manfredonia (Apulia)m n.d. 5 (1) Hunted wild boar (Tb) 5
2016 Pescara (Abruzzo)n n.d. 1 (1) Pork consumption in Romania (Ts)
2016 Mattinata (Apulia) n.d. 1 (1) Hunted wild boar (Tb)
Total 30 121 (54) 86k
a

Ts = Trichinella spiralis; Tb = Trichinella britovi; Tp = Trichinella pseudospiralis.

b

[1425].

c

n.d. = not documented.

d

[42].

e

[37].

f

[40].

g

Eight additional HDRs refer to the follow-up of the same patients.

h

[1].

i

[43].

j

[3].

k

[27].

l

Six persons with positive serology did not meet the ECDC case definition of trichinellosis.

m

[44].

n

[28].

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