Open Access
Review Article

Table 2

Prevalence of Blastocystis sp. in animals in China.

Order Location Method of diagnosis Hosts (Scientific name) No. examined No. positive Prevalence (%) Subtypes (n) References
Artiodactyla Shanxi Smear/Iodine Wild boars (Sus scrofa) 5 1 20.0% [6]
Shanxi Smear/Iodine Himalayan Goral (Naemorhedus goral) 11 2 18.20% [6]
Shanxi PCR Pig 560 419 74.82% ST5 (397), ST1 (15), ST3 (6), ST10 (1) [44]
Jiangxi PCR Pig 16 16 100% ST5 (16) [61]
Heilongjiang PCR Pig 68 6 8.82% ST5 (6) [55]
Heilongjiang PCR Cattle 147 14 9.52% ST10 (10), ST3 (2), ST14 (2) [55]
Heilongjiang PCR Dairy cattle 526 54 10.27% ST10 (41), ST14 (10), ST4 (2), ST5 (1) [45]
Heilongjiang PCR Sheep 109 6 5.50% ST10 (3), ST1 (1), ST5 (1), ST14 (1) [55]
Anhui PCR Sheep 697 22 3.16% ST10 (14), ST14 (3), Novel 1 (3), Novel 2 (1), Novel 3 (1) [23]
Jiangsu PCR Sheep 75 18 24.0% ST5 (8), ST10 (5), ST14 (5) [23]
Shandong PCR Sheep 60 10 16.67% ST10 (6), ST14 (2), Novel 4 (2) [23]
Shanxi PCR Goat 789 458 58.05% ST10 (292), ST14 (123), ST5 (31), ST4 (9), ST1 (1), ST3 (1), Novel (1) [43]
Anhui PCR Goat 574 2 0.35% ST1 (2) [43]
Heilongjiang PCR Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) 104 7 6.73% ST13 (4), ST10 (3) [56]
Heilongjiang PCR Sika deer (Cervus nippon) 52 6 11.54% ST10 (6) [56]
Jilin PCR Sika deer (Cervus nippon) 30 6 20% ST10 (4), ST14 (2) [56]
Shanxi Smear/Iodine Barking Deer (Muntiacus muntjak) 2 2 100% [6]
Shanxi Smear/Iodine Sika deer (Cervus nippon) 3 1 33.33% [6]
Subtotal 3828 1050 27.43% ST5 (460), ST10 (385), ST14 (148), ST1 (19), ST4 (11), ST3 (9), ST13 (4), Novel1 (4), Novel2 (1), Novel3 (1), Novel4 (2)
Carnivora Heilongjiang PCR Racoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) 16 1 6.25% ST3 (1) [56]
Liaoning PCR Racoon dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) 24 2 8.33% ST3 (2) [56]
Heilongjiang PCR Domestic dog 124 2 1.61% ST1 (1), ST4 (1) [56]
Jilin PCR Domestic dog 12 2 16.67% ST1 (2) [56]
Liaoning PCR Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) 40 1 2.5% ST7 (1) [56]
Heilongjiang PCR Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus) 173 3 1.73% ST1 (2), ST4 (1) [56]
Subtotal 389 11 2.83% ST1 (5), ST3 (3), ST4 (2), ST7 (1)
Galliformes Shanxi Smear/Iodine Peafowl (Pavonini) 9 3 33.33% [6]
Shanxi Smear/Iodine Brown-eared pheasant (Crossoptilon mantchuricum) 2 2 100% [6]
Shanxi Smear/Iodine Crimson-bellied tragopan (Tragopan temminckii) 2 1 50% [6]
Shanxi Smear/Iodine Golden pheasant (Chrysolophus pictus) 11 10 90.91% [6]
Heilongjiang PCR Domestic chicken 46 6 13.04% ST6 (3), ST7 (3) [56]
Subtotal 70 22 31.43% ST6 (3), ST7 (3)
Primates Shanxi Smear/Iodine Golden monkey (Rhinopithecus) 12 8 66.67% [6]
Chinaa PCR Cynomolgus macaques (Macaca fascicularis) 97 85 87.63% ST1 (4), ST2 (14), ST7 (2), ST2 + ST1 (14), ST2 + ST3 (5), ST2 + ST7 (5), ST3 + ST1 (3), ST5 + ST2 (1), ST7 + ST1 (7), ST7 + ST3 (1), ST1 + ST2 + ST3 (10), ST1 + ST2 + ST7 (5), ST2 + ST3 + ST7 (3), ST1 + ST3 + ST7 (1), ST1 + ST2 + ST3 + ST7 (10) [64]
Subtotal 109 93 85.32% ST1 (4), ST2 (14), ST7 (2), ST2 + ST1 (14), ST2 + ST3 (5), ST2 + ST7 (5), ST3 + ST1 (3), ST5 + ST2 (1), ST7 + ST1 (7), ST7 + ST3 (1), ST1 + ST2 + ST3 (10), ST1 + ST2 + ST7 (5), ST2 + ST3 + ST7 (3), ST1 + ST3 + ST7 (1), ST1 + ST2 + ST3 + ST7 (10)
Columbiformes Heilongjiang PCR Pigeon 47 1 2.13% ST6 (1) [56]
Shanxi Smear/Iodine Crested ibis (Nipponia nippon 63 6 9.53%
Subtotal 110 7 6.36% ST6 (1)
Anseriformes Shanxi Smear/Iodine Whooper swan (Cygnus cygnus) 2 2 100% [6]
Gruiformes Heilongjiang PCR Red crowned crane (Grus japonensis) 43 6 13.95% ST6 (4), ST7 (2) [56]
Rodentia Heilongjiang PCR Brown rat (Rattus norvegicus) 108 4 3.70% ST4 (4) [56]
Lagomorpha Heilongjiang PCR New Zealand white rabbit 215 7 3.24% ST4 (7) [56]
Total 4874 1202 24.66% ST5 (460), ST10 (385), ST14 (148), ST1 (28), ST4 (24), ST2 (14), ST3 (12), ST6 (8), ST7 (8), ST13 (4), ST2 + ST1 (14), ST2 + ST3 (5), ST2 + ST7 (5), ST3 + ST1 (3), ST5 + ST2 (1), ST7 + ST1 (7), ST7 + ST3 (1), ST1 + ST2 + ST3 (10), ST1 + ST2 + ST7 (5), ST2 + ST3 + ST7 (3), ST1 + ST3 + ST7 (1), ST1 + ST2 + ST3 + ST7 (10), Novel (4), Novel4 (2), Novel2 (1), Novel3 (1)
a

fecal samples from registered breeding facilities in China (F2 purpose-bred).

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