Open Access
Original contribution

Table I.

Education, awareness and management of internal parasitic diseases of small ruminants in relation to the role of healthcare providers.

Level/Type/Practice Veterinary officer
(Vetof)
N = 15
Veterinary assistant
(Veta)
N = 51
Traditional practitioner
(Tradprac)
N = 24
Owner
(Farmer)
N = 60
Education ILLITERATE 0.00 a* 0.00 a 0.25 b 0.72 c
EDUPRIM - Primary education 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.58 c 0.28 b
EDUSEC — Secondary education 0.00 a 0.43 a 0.17 b 0.00 a
EDUINT — Intermediate education 0.00 a 0.57 b 0.00 a 0.00 a
EDUGRAD — Graduate 0.53 b 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.00 a
EDUPOSTG — Post-graduate 0.47 b 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.00 a

Awareness on internal parasites LOWAWP — Low awareness 0.00 a 0.12 a 0.00 a 0.25 b
MediumawP — Medium awareness 0.00 a 0.71 c 0.37 b 0.50 b
HIGHAWP — High awareness 1.00 c 0.18 a 0.63 b 0.25 a

Management of internal parasites MODHELM — Use of modern anthelmintics 1.00 b 0.82 b 0.25 a 0.85 b
TRADHELM — Use of traditional anthelmintics 0.00 a 0.00 a 0.25 b 0.00 a
Bothtradmod — Use of both 0.00 a 0.18 b 0.50 c 0.15 b
PREFBZ — Preference for benzimidazole 0.00 a 0.24 b 0.13 a 0.10 a
PREFLEV — Preference for levamisole 0.40 a 0.41 a 0.50 a 0.80 b
BOTHANTELM — Use both 0.60 c 0.35 b 0.38 b 0.10 a
ROTAHELM — Rotation between anthelmintics 0.20 c 0.18 c 0.00 a 0.10 b
3MOANTH — Anthelmintics every 3 months 0.40 b 0.12 a 0.25 a 0.20 a
6MOANTH — Anthelmintic every 6 months 0.60 a 0.47 a 0.50 a 0.50 a
NEEDHELM — Anthelmintics when needed 0.00 a 0.41 b 0.25 b 0.30 b
DILDRUG — Dilution of the drug 0.60 a 0.35 a 0.63 a 0.75 b
*

The different superscript in each row indicates significantly different values at p < 0.05 using Chi-square or Fisher exact test. N indicates the number of each type of respondent.

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