Open Access
Research Article
Issue
Parasite
Volume 28, 2021
Article Number 3
Number of page(s) 13
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/parasite/2020075
Published online 08 January 2021
  1. Abdullah DA, Ali FF, Jasim AY, Ola-Fadunsin SD, Gimba FI, Ali MS. 2020. Clinical signs, prevalence, and hematobiochemical profiles associated with Anaplasma infections in sheep of North Iraq. Veterinary World, 13, 1524–1527. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  2. Ahmadi-Hamedani M, Khaki Z, Rahbari S, Kazemi B, Bandehpour M. 2009. Molecular identification of anaplasmosis in goats using a new PCR-RFLP method. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research, 10, 367–372. [Google Scholar]
  3. Alessandra T, Santo C. 2012. Tick-borne diseases in sheep and goats: clinical and diagnostic aspects. Small Ruminant Research, 106, S6–S11. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  4. Allsopp BA, Baylis HA, Allsopp MT, Cavalier-Smith T, Bishop RP, Carrington DM, Sohanpal B, Spooner P. 1993. Discrimination between six species of Theileria using oligonucleotide probes which detect small subunit ribosomal RNA sequences. Parasitology, 107(Pt 2), 157–165. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  5. Altay K, Dumanli N, Holman PJ, Aktas M. 2005. Detection of Theileria ovis in naturally infected sheep by nested PCR. Veterinary Parasitology, 127, 99–104. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  6. Altay K, Dumanlı N, Aktaș M, Özübek S. 2014. Survey of anaplasma infections in small ruminants from east part of Turkey. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi, 20, 1–4. [Google Scholar]
  7. Atif FA, Khan MS, Iqbal HJ, Arshad GM, Ashraf E, Ullah S. 2012. Prevalence of Anaplasma marginale, Babesia bigemina and Theileria annulata infections among cattle in Sargodha District, Pakistan. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 7, 3302–3307. [Google Scholar]
  8. Aydin MF, Aktas M, Dumanli N. 2013. Molecular identification of Theileria and Babesia in sheep and goats in the Black Sea Region in Turkey. Parasitology Research, 112, 2817–2824. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  9. Bishop R, Musoke A, Morzaria S, Gardner M, Nene V. 2004. Theileria: intracellular protozoan parasites of wild and domestic ruminants transmitted by ixodid ticks. Parasitology, 129(Suppl), S271–283. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  10. Cabezas-Cruz A, Gallois M, Fontugne M, Allain E, Denoual M, Moutailler S, Devillers E, Zientara S, Memmi M, Chauvin A, Agoulon A, Vayssier-Taussat M, Chartier C. 2019. Epidemiology and genetic diversity of Anaplasma ovis in goats in Corsica, France. Parasites & Vectors, 12, 3. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  11. Demessie Y, Derso S. 2015. Tick borne hemoparasitic diseases of ruminants: a review. Advances in Biological Research, 9, 210–224. [Google Scholar]
  12. Djiba ML, Mediannikov O, Mbengue M, Thiongane Y, Molez J-F, Seck MT, Fenollar F, Raoult D, Ndiaye M. 2013. Survey of Anaplasmataceae bacteria in sheep from Senegal. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 45, 1557–1561. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  13. Durrani S, Khan Z, Khattak RM, Andleeb M, Ali M, Hameed H, Taqddas A, Faryal M, Kiran S, Anwar H, Riaz M, Sajid M, Sheikh RS, Ali M, Iqbal F. 2012. A comparison of the presence of Theileria ovis by PCR amplification of their SSU rRNA gene in small ruminants from two provinces of Pakistan. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 2, 43–47. [Google Scholar]
  14. Edgar RC. 2004. MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Research, 32, 1792–1797. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  15. Eliyas M, Mannan M, Hashem M, Debnath N, Miazi O, Mohiuddin C, Kashem M, Islam M, Elahi M. 2011. An epidemiological survey on investigation of tick infestation in cattle at Chittagong District, Bangladesh. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 5, 346–352. [Google Scholar]
  16. Enkhtaivan B, Narantsatsral S, Davaasuren B, Otgonsuren D, Amgalanbaatar T, Uuganbayar E, Zoljargal M, Myagmarsuren P, Suganuma K, Molefe NI, Sivakumar T, Inoue N, Battur B, Battsetseg B, Yokoyama N. 2019. Molecular detection of Anaplasma ovis in small ruminants and ixodid ticks from Mongolia. Parasitology International, 69, 47–53. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  17. Fatima M, Saeed S, Shaikh RS, Ali M, Iqbal F. 2015. A study on molecular detection of Theileria lestoquardi by PCR amplification in apparently healthy small ruminants from five districts of Southern Punjab. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 47, 441–446. [Google Scholar]
  18. de la Fuente J, Atkinson MW, Hogg JT, Miller DS, Naranjo V, Almazán C, Anderson N, Kocan KM. 2006. Genetic characterization of Anaplasma ovis strains from bighorn sheep in Montana. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 42, 381–385. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  19. Gubbels MJ, Hong Y, van der Weide M, Qi B, Nijman IJ, Guangyuan L, Jongejan F. 2000. Molecular characterization of the Theileria buffeli/orientalis group. International Journal for Parasitology, 30, 943–952. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  20. Hakimi H, Sarani A, Takeda M, Kaneko O, Asada M. 2019. Epidemiology, risk factors, and co-infection of vector-borne pathogens in goats from Sistan and Baluchestan province, Iran. PLoS One, 14, e0218609. [Google Scholar]
  21. Hosseini-Vasoukolaei N, Oshaghi MA, Shayan P, Vatandoost H, Babamahmoudi F, Yaghoobi-Ershadi MR, Telmadarraiy Z, Mohtarami F. 2014. Anaplasma infection in ticks, livestock and human in Ghaemshahr, Mazandaran Province, Iran. Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases, 8, 204–211. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  22. Hussain M, Junaid A, Gul R, Jamal M, Ahmed I, Talpur M, Rahim R, Fatima M, Munir S. 2017. First detection on prevalence of Anaplasma marginale in sheep and goat in Karak District, Pakistan. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Disease, 79, 531–535. [Google Scholar]
  23. Jabbar A, Abbas T, Sandhu Z-D, Saddiqi HA, Qamar MF, Gasser RB. 2015. Tick-borne diseases of bovines in Pakistan: major scope for future research and improved control. Parasites & Vectors, 8, 283. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  24. Jalali SM, Khaki Z, Kazemi B, Bandehpour M, Rahbari S, Jalali MR, Yasini SP. 2013. Molecular detection and identification of Anaplasma species in sheep from Ahvaz, Iran. Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research, 14, 50–56. [Google Scholar]
  25. Jukes TH, Cantor CR. 1969. CHAPTER 24 – Evolution of protein molecules, in Mammalian protein metabolism, Munro HN, Editor. Academic Press: New York. p. 21–132. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  26. Kamani J, Sannusi A, Egwu OK, Dogo GI, Tanko TJ, Kemza S, Tafarki AE, Gbise DS. 2010. Prevalence and significance of haemoparasitic infections of cattle in North-Central, Nigeria. Veterinary World, 3, 445–448. [Google Scholar]
  27. Khan M, Khan M, Ahmad S, Mahmood S. 2007. Genetic resources and diversity in Pakistani sheep. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 9, 941–944. [Google Scholar]
  28. Khan MK, He L, Hussain A, Azam S, Zhang W-J, Wang L-X, Zhang Q-L, Hu M, Zhou Y-Q, Zhao J. 2013. Molecular epidemiology of Theileria annulata and identification of 18S rRNA gene and ITS regions sequences variants in apparently healthy buffaloes and cattle in Pakistan. Infection, Genetics and Evolution: Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Evolutionary Genetics in Infectious Diseases, 13, 124–132. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  29. Kimura M. 1980. A simple method for estimating evolutionary rates of base substitutions through comparative studies of nucleotide sequences. Journal of Molecular Evolution, 16, 111–120. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  30. Kocan KM, de la Fuente J, Guglielmone AA, Meléndez RD. 2003. Antigens and alternatives for control of Anaplasma marginale infection in cattle. Clinical Microbiology Reviews, 16, 698–712. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  31. Kocan KM, de la Fuente J, Blouin EF, Coetzee JF, Ewing SA. 2010. The natural history of Anaplasma marginale. Veterinary Parasitology, 167, 95–107. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  32. Kocan KM, Busby AT, Allison RW, Breshears MA, Coburn L, Galindo RC, Ayllón N, Blouin EF, de la Fuente J. 2012. Sheep experimentally infected with a human isolate of Anaplasma phagocytophilum serve as a host for infection of Ixodes scapularis ticks. Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases, 3, 147–153. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  33. Kumar S, Stecher G, Li M, Knyaz C, Tamura K. 2018. MEGA X: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis across computing platforms. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 35, 1547–1549. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  34. Li Y, Luo J, Guan G, Ma M, Liu A, Liu J, Ren Q, Niu Q, Lu B, Gao J, Liu Z, Dang Z, Tian Z, Zhang B, He Z, Bai Q, Yin H. 2009. Experimental transmission of Theileria uilenbergi infective for small ruminants by Haemaphysalis longicornis and Haemaphysalis qinghaiensis. Parasitology Research, 104, 1227–1231. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  35. Li Y, Liu Z, Yang J, Chen Z, Guan G, Niu Q, Zhang X, Luo J, Yin H. 2014. Infection of small ruminants and their red blood cells with Theileria annulata schizonts. Experimental Parasitology, 137, 21–24. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  36. Liu Z, Ma M, Wang Z, Wang J, Peng Y, Li Y, Guan G, Luo J, Yin H. 2012. Molecular survey and genetic identification of Anaplasma species in goats from central and southern China. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 78, 464–470. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  37. Nasreen KS, Khan A, Niaz S, Akhtar N. 2016. Serodiagnosis and haematological effect of Anaplasmosis in goats and sheep of District Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. World Journal of Zoology, 11, 67–80. [Google Scholar]
  38. NasreenKhan A, Niaz S, Hassan Shah M, Khan A, Ahmed H, Khattak I, Zeb J, Naeem H, Hassan MA, Ulucesme MC, Ozubek S, Aktas M. 2020. Molecular detection of small ruminant piroplasmosis and first report of Theileria luwenshuni (Apicomplexa: Theileridae) in small ruminants of Pakistan. Experimental Parasitology, 212, 107872. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  39. Naz S, Maqbool A, Ahmed S, Ashraf K, Ahmed N, Saeed K, Latif M, Iqbal J, Ali Z, Shafi K, Nagra IA. 2012. Prevalence of theileriosis in small ruminants in Lahore-Pakistan. Journal of Veterinary and Animal Sciences (Lahore), 2, 16–20. [Google Scholar]
  40. Peng Y, Wang K, Zhao S, Yan Y, Wang H, Jing J, Jian F, Wang R, Zhang L, Ning C. 2018. Detection and phylogenetic characterization of Anaplasma capra: an emerging pathogen in sheep and goats in China. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, 8, 283. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  41. PES. 2018. Pakistan economic survey (2018–19), Chapter 2. Pakistan: Agriculture. p. 11–33. [Google Scholar]
  42. Qiu H, Kelly PJ, Zhang J, Luo Q, Yang Y, Mao Y, Yang Z, Li J, Wu H, Wang C. 2016. Molecular detection of Anaplasma spp. and Ehrlichia spp. in ruminants from twelve provinces of China. Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases and Medical Microbiology, 2016, 9183861. [Google Scholar]
  43. R Core Team. 2013. R: A language and environment for statistical computing. Vienna, Austria: R Foundation for Statistical Computing. URL http://www.R-project.org/. [Google Scholar]
  44. Razmi GR, Dastjerdi K, Hossieni H, Naghibi A, Barati F, Aslani MR. 2006. An epidemiological study on Anaplasma infection in cattle, sheep, and goats in Mashhad Suburb, Khorasan Province, Iran. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1078, 479–481. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  45. Razzaq F, Khosa T, Ahmad S, Hussain M, Saeed Z, Khan MA, Shaikh RS, Ali M, Iqbal F. 2015. Prevalence of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in horses from Southern Punjab (Pakistan). Tropical Biomedicine, 32, 233–239. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  46. Renneker S, Abdo J, Salih DEA, Karagenç T, Bilgiç H, Torina A, Oliva AG, Campos J, Kullmann B, Ahmed J, Seitzer U. 2013. Can Anaplasma ovis in small ruminants be neglected any longer? Transboundary and Emerging Diseases, 60(Suppl 2), 105–112. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  47. Riaz M, Tasawar Z. 2017. Identification of Theileria species (Theileria ovis and Theileria lestoquardi) BY. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences, 27, 809–818. [Google Scholar]
  48. Ristic M. 1968. Anaplasmosis, in Diseases of Man and Animals. Academic Press Inc.: New York, NY. p. 474–537. [Google Scholar]
  49. Roberts TJ. 1997. The mammals of Pakistan. Karachi, Pakistan: Oxford University Press. [Google Scholar]
  50. Saeed S, Jahangir M, Fatima M, Shaikh RS, Khattak RM, Ali M, Iqbal F. 2015. PCR based detection of Theileria lestoquardi in apparently healthy sheep and goats from two districts in Khyber Pukhtoon Khwa (Pakistan). Tropical Biomedicine, 32, 225–232. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  51. Schnittger L, Yin H, Jianxun L, Ludwig W, Shayan P, Rahbari S, Voss-Holtmann A, Ahmed JS. 2000. Ribosomal small-subunit RNA gene-sequence analysis of Theileria lestoquardi and a Theileria species highly pathogenic for small ruminants in China. Parasitology Research, 86, 352–358. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  52. Schnittger L, Yin H, Gubbels MJ, Beyer D, Niemann S, Jongejan F, Ahmed JS. 2003. Phylogeny of sheep and goat Theileria and Babesia parasites. Parasitology Research, 91, 398–406. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  53. Seong G, Han YJ, Chae JB, Chae JS, Yu DH, Lee YS, Park J, Park BK, Yoo JG, Choi KS. 2015. Detection of Anaplasma sp. in Korean Native Goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) on Jeju Island, Korea. Korean Journal of Parasitology, 53, 765–769. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  54. Shabana II, Alhadlag NM, Zaraket H. 2018. Diagnostic tools of caprine and ovine anaplasmosis: a direct comparative study. BMC Veterinary Research, 14, 165. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  55. Shah SSA, Khan MI, Rahman HU. 2017. Epidemiological and hematological investigations of tick-borne diseases in small ruminants in Peshawar and Khyber Agency, Pakistan. Journal of Advances in Parasitology, 4, 15–22. [Google Scholar]
  56. Sneath PHA, Sokal RR. 1973. Numerical taxonomy: the principles and practice of numerical classification. San Francisco: W H Freeman & Co (Sd). [Google Scholar]
  57. Tageldin MH, Al-Kitany Fadiya A, Al-Yahyae Sabra A, Al-I Ismaily SI. 2005. Theileriosis in sheep and goats in the Sultanate of Oman. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 37, 491–493. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  58. Ullah N, Durrani AZ, Avais M, Ahmad N, Ullah S, Khan MS, Mehmood K, Khan MA, Haq I. 2018. Prevalence, risk factors and host biomarkers of ovine Theileriosis. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 50, 1211–1216. [Google Scholar]
  59. Yousefi A, Rahbari S, Shayan P, Sadeghi-dehkordi Z, Bahonar A. 2017. Molecular detection of Anaplasma marginale and Anaplasma ovis in sheep and goat in west highland pasture of Iran. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 7, 455–459. [Google Scholar]
  60. Yu Z-Q, Song J-K, Zhang H-J, Liu T-L, Fan X-C, Zhao G-H. 2018. Molecular characterization of Theileria spp. in goats from Shaanxi Province, Northwestern China. Journal of Parasitology, 104, 726–731. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  61. Zaeemi M, Haddadzadeh H, Khazraiinia P, Kazemi B, Bandehpour M. 2011. Identification of different Theileria species (Theileria lestoquardi, Theileria ovis, and Theileria annulata) in naturally infected sheep using nested PCR-RFLP. Parasitology Research, 108, 837–843. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  62. Zhan L, Cao W-C, Jiang J-F, Zhang X-A, Wu X-M, Zhang W-Y, Liu W, Zuo S-Q, Cao Z-W, Yang H, Richardus JH, Habbema JD. 2010. Anaplasma phagocytophilum in livestock and small rodents. Veterinary Microbiology, 144, 405–408. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  63. Zhang X, Liu Z, Yang J, Chen Z, Guan G, Ren Q, Liu A, Luo J, Yin H, Li Y. 2014. Multiplex PCR for diagnosis of Theileria uilenbergi, Theileria luwenshuni, and Theileria ovis in small ruminants. Parasitology Research, 113, 527–531. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  64. Zhang J, Kelly P, Li J, Xu C, Wang C. 2015. Molecular detection of Theileria spp. in livestock on five Caribbean islands. BioMed Research International, 2015, 624728. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  65. Zia-ur-Rehman, Khan MS, Avais M, Aleem M, Shabbir MZ, Khan JA. 2010. Prevalence of theileriosis in sheep in Okara District, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 42, 639–643. [Google Scholar]
  66. Zulfiqar S, Shahnawaz S, Ali M, Bhutta AM, Iqbal S, Hayat S, Qadir S, Latif M, Kiran N, Saeed A, Ali M, Iqbal F. 2012. Detection of Babesia bovis in blood samples and its effect on the hematological and serum biochemical profile in large ruminants from Southern Punjab. Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, 2, 104–108. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.