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Table 5

Mosquito taxa reported to occur in Qatar in the literature, with date of first report, our findings, and assessed occurrence status. Black dots = confirmed presence.

Taxon First report References for Qatar Session 1 2017–2018 Session 2 2017 Session 3 2019 Occurrence status
Aedes aegypti 1999 [2] Introduced?
Aedes caspius 2009 [14, 15, 18] Native
Aedes dorsalis 2015 [15] 1 Presence to be confirmed
Anopheles culicifacies s.l. 1999 [2] 1 Presence to be confirmed
Anopheles multicolor 1992 [11, 15, 18] Native
Anopheles sergentii 1992 [11] 1 Presence to be confirmed
Anopheles stephensi 1999 [2, 14, 15, 18, 21] Native
Culex bitaeniorhynchus 2015 [21] 1 Presence to be confirmed
Culex laticinctus 2015 [14] 1 Presence to be confirmed
Culex mimeticus 2015 [21] 1 Presence to be confirmed
Culex pipiens2 complex 1985 [1, 14, 15, 18, 19] Native; Identity of occurring complex members to be confirmed
Culex perexiguus 2015 [14] Native
Culex pusillus 2009 [14, 18] Native
Culex quinquefasciatus 1988 [2, 12, 14, 15, 19] 3 Native; Member of pipiens complex
Culex sitiens 2015 [14] 1 Presence to be confirmed
Culex tritaeniorhynchus 2015 [14, 15] Native
Culex univittatus 2009 [14, 18] Native; Identity to be confirmed by sequencing
Culex vagans 2015 [21] 1 Presence to be confirmed
Culiseta sp. 1985 [1] 1 May refer to Cs. longiareolata
Culiseta longiareolata This study Native
Coquillettidia sp. 2015 [21] 1 Presence to be confirmed
Total numbers: 21 6 3 7
1

Single record;

2

Mentioned as pipiens complex or form molestus;

3

As a group of three possible species, Cx. perexiguus, Cx. pipiens and Cx. quinquefasciatus.

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