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Table 2

Prevalence rates of Theileria spp., Theileria ovis, and Anaplasma ovis in small ruminants from four districts in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The p-value represents the results of Chi-square tests conducted to report the prevalence of a parasite among the sampling districts.

Districts Theileria spp.
Anaplasma spp.
Total% (CI)
T. ovis n (%) CI 95% p-value Theileria spp. n (%) CI 95% p-value A. ovis n (%) CI 95% p-value
Shangla 21/200 (10.5) 6.62–15.60 0.2 14/200 (7) 3.88–11.47 0.7 32/200 (16.0) 11.21–21.83 0.08 33.5 (27.00–40.50)
Swat 32/200 (16.0) 11.21–21.83 19/200 (9.5) 5.82–11.44 48/200 (24.0) 18.26–30.53 49.5 (42.37–56.64)
Malakand 35/200 (17.5) 12.50–23.49 21/200 (10.5) 6.62–15.60 52/200 (26.0) 20.07–32.66 54.0 (46.83–61.05)
Bajaur 27/200 (13.5) 9.09–19.03 18/200 (9) 5.42–13.85 42/200 (21.0) 15.57–27.31 43.5 (36.52–50.67)
Total 115/800 (14.3) 72/800 (9) 174/800 (21.7) 361/800 (45.1)

CI = Confidence interval.

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