Table 1

The trajectory of One Health: formulas and definitions.

Date Formula Actor Definition Events and causes Implications
1984 One Medicine Calvin Schwabe Call to unify human and animal health First zoonosis Research concept
2004 One World, One Health Wildlife Conservation Society Human health, animal health, the environment Global warming, West Nile Virus, SARS, BSE Recommendation guide: The Manhattan Principles
2006 One World, One Medicine, One Health Laura Khan, Bruce Kaplan, Roger Mahr (AMVA), Ron Davis (AMA) Human and animal health, the environment West Nile Virus, bioterrorism (anthrax) Platform: One Health Initiative
2007–2009 One Health Commission AMA and AMVA Human and animal health, the environment One Health Initiative Task Report
2008 One World, One Health WHO, FAO, OIE, UNICEF, UNSIC, World Bank Local, national and international collaborations between the three areas H5N1 Governance system for pandemics, epidemics and epizootics
2010 One Health WHO, OIE, FAO Human and animal health, the environment, food safety Integrated approach of health following the globalization of health risks A concept tripartite note
2011 One Health/Une seule santé France: Ministry of Foreign and European Affairs Human and animal health, the environment, the food sector, economic and social dimensions Increased circulation of infectious agents and risks of pandemics (avian flu, H1N1 flu, SARS) National ownership of the concept

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