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Table 2

Digenean trematode species parasitizing Cornu aspersum as first (Hi1) and/or second (Hi2) intermediate host.

Parasite species Larval stages in Hi (MH) Definitive host Country References
Dicrocoelium dendriticum (Rudolphi, 1819) SP/C in Hi1 (DG) Sheep, goats Turkey [23, 26]
Brachylaima sp. Dujardin, 1843 SP/C in Hi1 (DG) Turkey [26]
Brachylaima aspersae Segade et al., 2011 SP/C in Hi1 (DG); MC in Hi2 (K) Rodents Spain [53]
Brachylaima cribbi Butcher & Grove, 2001 MC in Hi2 (K) Mammals, birds*, reptiles Australia [3, 4]
Brachylaima llobregatensis González-Moreno & Gracenea, 2006 SP/C in Hi1 (DG); MC in Hi2 (K) Rodents Algeria, Spain [15, 16]
Brachylaima mascomai Gracenea & González-Moreno, 2002 MC in Hi2 (K) Rodents South Africa, Spain [15, 18]

Larval stages: SP, sporocysts; C, cercariae; MC, metacercariae. MH, Microhabitat (MH) in parenthesis: DG, digestive gland; K, kidney.


Introduced European Turdus merula and Sturnus vulgaris being the most commonly infected natural definitive hosts.

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