Open Access
Review Article

Table 3

Risk factors associated to Cryptosporidium infection in HIV patients.

Risk factors No. of studies Categories OR (95% CI) I² (inconsistency) % Cochran Q p-value
Sex 20 Male 1.11 (0.92–1.33) 0 18.96 p = 0.18
Female
Diarrhea 44 Yes 3.05 (2.23–4.18) 59.2 105.34 p < 0.0001
No
Antiretroviral therapy (ART) 19 Yes 2.02 (1.19–3.41) 65.3 51.85 p < 0.0001
No
CD4+ 26 < 200 cells/ml3 5.84 (3.1–10.99) 88 207.75 p < 0.0001
> 200 cells/ml3
Water 3 Boiled 0.88 (0.51–1.50) 0 1.25 p = 0.34
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