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Table 4.

Published results about Dirofilaria in mosquito species in Europe, including Turkey, in comparison with data obtained in this study.

Species N indiv./pools D. repens D. immitis Host effectiveness Country, references
Cx. pipiens 516/104 EIR = 0.39 EIR = 0.99 0.19 This study
Cx. pipiens 1108/412 MIR = 0.27 MIR = 0.27 0.27* Italy 2002–2003 [12]
Cx. pipiens (s.l.)/torrentium 2663/132 EIR = 0.88 EIR = 0.47 Moldova 2010–2016 [58]
Cx. pipiens 1595/1123 EIR = 0.50 Continental Portugal 2011–2013 [25]
Cx. pipiens 2589 MIR = 0.12 0.12* Turkey 2008–2009 [69]
Cx. pipiens 37,865/835 MIR = 0.01* MIR = 0.04* Italy 2010 [38]
Cx. pipiens 5568/115 MIR = 0.02* MIR = 0.18* Serbia 2013 [37]
Cx. pipiens complex 2539/187 MIR = 0.28* Slovakia 2015–2017 [11]
Cx. pipiens/Cx. torrentium 12,292/554 MIR = 0.02* Germany 2011–2013 [36]
Cx. pipiens 136/11 EIR = 0.58 Belarus 2015 [59]
Cx. pipiens 666 MIR = 0.3* Spain 2004–2006 [46]
Cx. pipiens 604 MIR = 0.17* 0.17* Spain 2012–2013 [9]
An. messeae 67/15 EIR = 3.15 EIR = 4.87 1.49 This study
An. maculipennis s.l. 400/114 EIR = 3.12 1.25* Continental Portugal 2011–2013 [25]
An. maculipennis 136/28 MIR = 1.47* Slovakia 2015–2017 [11]
An. maculipennis s.l. 947/ 62 EIR = 4.91 EIR = 2.01 Moldova 2010–2016 [58]
Ae. vexans 179/37 EIR = 1.14 EIR = 1.73 0.56 This study
Ae. vexans 3179 MIR = 0.41 0.35* Turkey 2008–2009 [70]
Ae. vexans 720/25 MIR = 0.14* Italy 2010 [38]
Ae. vexans 405/19 MIR = 0.25* Serbia 2013 [37]
Ae. vexans 12,042 MIR = 0.03 Czech Republic 2009–2011 [52]
Ae. vexans 314/ 33 EIR = 1.68 Moldova 2010–2016 [58]
Ae. vexans 1750/35 MIR = 0.06 Slovakia 2012 [7]
Ae. vexans 96/20 MIR = 1.04 Turkey 2008 [6]
Ae. caspius 146/30 EIR = 0 EIR = 0 0 This study
Ae. caspius 26/13 EIR = 22.64 Moldova 2010–2016 [58]
Ae. caspius 270/193 EIR = 3.73 1.48* Continental Portugal 2011–2013 [25]
Ae. caspius 2264/92 MIR = 0.18* Italy 2010 [38]
Ae. caspius 195/13 MIR = 0.5* Serbia 2013 [37]
Cq. richiardii 184/40 EIR = 1.11 EIR = 2.27 0.54 This study
Cq. richiardii 34/7 MIR = 2.94* Serbia 2013 [37]
Cq. richiardii 48/26 MIR = 2.08* Slovakia 2015–2017 [11]
Cq. richiardii 19/11 EIR = 16.25 Moldova 2010–2016 [58]
Ae. cantans 1776/356 EIR = 1.63 EIR = 1.39 0.84 This study
Ae. cantans 15/5 EIR = 14.84 Moldova 2010–2016 [58]
Ae. sticticus 57/13 EIR = 0 EIR = 0 0 This study
Ae. sticticus 24/7 EIR = 4.43 Moldova 2010–2016 [58]
Ae. sticticus 120/7 MIR = 0.83* Serbia 2013 [37]
Ae. sticticus 414/41 MIR = 0.24* MIR = 0.24* Slovakia 2015–2017 [11]
Cx. modestus 223/45 EIR = 1.38 EIR = 1.86 0.89 This study
Cx. modestus 203/25 EIR = 3.26 Moldova 2010–2016 [58]
Ae. geniculatus 203/43 EIR = 2.05 EIR = 2.59 2.46 This study
Ae. geniculatus 26/10 EIR = 7.45 Moldova 2010–2016 [58]
Ae. albopictus 366/74 EIR = 0.27 EIR = 1.4 0.27 This study
Ae. albopictus 2534/336 0 MIR = 3.19* 0.87* Italy 2000–2002 [12, 13]
Ae. albopictus 436/436 MIR = 0.92* MIR = 0.69* 1.15* Italy 2002–2003 [16]
Ae. albopictus 528/98 MIR = 0.19* Italy 2005 [41]
Ae. albopictus 175/35 MIR = 1.14 0.51* Italy 2011 [28]
*

Number calculated based on the results published by the authors.

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