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Table 2.

Theileria ovis and Babesia ovis infection prevalence and intensity in sheep and goats by Giemsa-stained blood smears and PCR in Aïn Draham, North-West Tunisia.

Species Epidemiological indicator Technique Sheep Goats 95% CI c p value
B. ovis Infection prevalence = 100 × (number of positive blood samples/number of examined blood samples) (%) MO a 5/172 (2.9) 4/166 (2.4) [0.28; 5.48] 0.77
PCR 30/172 (17.4) 15/166 (9.04) [1.05; 4.34] 0.022*
Infection intensity = 100 × (number of positive red blood cells/number of examined red blood cells) MO 0.015 0.031 [0; 0.004] 0.102
T. ovis Infection prevalence = 100 × (number of positive blood samples/number of examined blood samples) (%) MO 2/172 (1.16) 0/166 (0) NA b 0.16
PCR 10/172 (5.81) 0/166 (0) NA 0.001*
Infection intensity = 100 × (number of positive red blood cells/number of examined red blood cells) (%) MO 0.022 0 [0; 0.005] 0.105
a

MO – Microscopy observation.

b

NA – not applicable.

c

CI – 95% Confidence interval.

*

Significant test.

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