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Table I.

List of Digenean species collected from teleost fishes of Gulf of Gabes and their epidemiologic values.

Digenea species Digenea family Fish species (number of specimens) Fish family Dates of collects (month/year) P (%) Abundance Mean intensity
Bucephalus anguillae Špakuloá, Macko, Berrilli & Dezfuli, 2002 Bucephalidae Anguilla anguilla (n = 8) Anguillidae 12/2005 37.50 2.80 7.60
Deropristis inflata (Molin, 1859) Deroprestidae Anguilla anguilla Anguillidae 12/2005 100.00 8.50 8.50
Tergestia acanthocephala (Stossich, 1887) * Fellodistomidae Caranx crysos (n = 16) Carangidae 11/2005-2/2007 32.00 4.40 1.40
Rhipidocotyle galeata (Rudolphi, 1819) * Bucephalidae Lichia amia (n = 7) Carangidae 8–9/2005–9/2006 100.00 33.50 33.5
Ectenurus lepidus Looss, 1907 * Hemiuridae Trachurus trachurus (n = 18) Carangidae 5–10/2005–6/2005 33.00 0.33 1.00
Monascus filiformis (Rudolphi, 1819) * Fellodistomidae Trachurus trachurus Carangidae 6–10/2005 33.00 0.77 2.30
Bucephalus margaritae (Ozaki & Ishibashi, 1934) * Bucephalidae Trachinotus ovatus (n = 5) Carangidae 4/2005 40.00 0.50 1.50
Lecithochirium jaffense Fischthal, 1982 * Hemiuridae Trachinotus ovatus Carangidae 4/2005 80.00 1.60 2.00
Parahemiurus merus (Linton, 1910) * Hemiuridae Sardinella aurita (n = 72) Clupeidae 1–6/2005–7/2005 40.28 2.05 5.10
Aphanurus stossichii (Monticelli, 1891) Hemiuridae Sardinella aurita Clupeidae 1–6/2005–7/2005 40.28 0.28 7.00
Sardina pilchardus (n = 30) Clupeidae 5–10/2005 76.67 1.43 1.87
Boops boops (n = 18) Sparidae 8–9–11/2005 33.33 1.38 4.10
Lecithochirium sp. * Hemiuridae Sardinella aurita Clupeidae 6/2005 13.89 0.23 1.70
Prosorhynchus aculeatus Odhner, 1905 Bucephalidae Conger conger (n = 3) Congridae 1–6/2005 66.66 8.00 12.00
Lecithochirium rufoviride (Rudolphi, 1819) * Hemiuridae Conger conger Congridae 6/2005 66.66 5.00 7.50
Helicometra fasciata (Rudolphi, 1819) Opecoelidae Symphodus tinca (n = 49) Labridae 2–3/2005 49.00 4.81 9.83
Labrus viridis (n = 41) Labridae 2–3/2005 34.10 1.65 4.85
Sciaena umbra (n = 14) Sciaenidae 2–3/2005 21.40 0.35 1.66
Schikhobalotrema sparisomae (Manter, 1937) Haplosplanchnidae Chelon labrosus (n = 7) Mugilidae 10/2005 28.00 2.42 8.50
Liza aurata (n = 12) Mugilidae 12/2005– 8/2007 41.66 3.08 7.40
Liza saliens (n = 11) Mugilidae 9/2006–11/2007 45.45 1.81 4.00
Sparisoma cretense (n = 30) Scaridae 9–10/2005 53.00 6.26 11.75
Dicrogaster contracta Looss, 1902 Haploporidae Liza aurata Mugilidae 8/2007 41.66 3.08 7.40
Liza saliens Mugilidae 11/2007 9.00 0.27 3.00
Robinia aurata Pankov, Webster, Blasco-Costa, Hemiuridae Liza aurata Mugilidae 8/2007 16.66 0.33 2.00
Gibson, Littlewood & Kostadinova, 2006 * Mugilidae
Saccocoelium obesum Looss, 1902 Haploporidae Liza saliens 9/2006 18.00 0.27 1.50
Haplosplanchnus caudatus (Srivastava, 1939) Haplosplanchnidae Mugil cephalus (n = 11) Mugilidae 9/2006–11/2007 18.18 0.18 1.00
Haplosplanchnus pachysomus (Eysenhardt, 1829) Haplosplanchnidae Mugil cephalus Mugilidae 9/2006–11/2007 63.63 1.09 1.71
Saturnius papernai Overstreet, 1977 * Hemiuridae Mugil cephalus Mugilidae 11/2007 18.18 0.36 2.00
Opecoeloides furcatus (Lühe, 1900) * Opecoelidae Mullus surmuletus (n = 72) Mullidae 2–3–4/2006 52.77 3.43 6.47
Mullus barbatus (n = 24) Mullidae 9/2005 45.83 4.00 8.72
Poracanthium furcatum Dollfus, 1948 * Opecoelidae Mullus surmuletus Mullidae 2–3–4/2006 13.88 0.40 3.57
Proctotrema bacilliovatum (Odhner, 1911) * Opecoelidae Mullus surmuletus Mullidae 2–3–4/2006 20.83 1.46 7.00
Mullus barbatus Mullidae 9/2005 25.00 1.79 7.16
Stephanostomum sp. Acanthocolpidae Mullus surmuletus Mullidae 2–3–4/2006 9.72 2.91 30.00
Prosorhynchoides arcuatus (Linton, 1900) * Bucephalidae Pomatomus saltatrix (n = 14) Pomatomidae 7/2005 85.00 4.57 5.30
Paracryptogonimus aloysiae (Stossich, 1885) * Cryptogonimidae Sciaena umbra Sciaenidae 10/2005–7/2007 21.40 0.71 3.33
Pleorchis polyorchis (Stossich, 1889) * Acanthocolpidae Sciaena umbra Sciaenidae 10/2005 7.00 0.07 1
Lecithochirium texanum (Chandler, 1941) * Hemiuridae Euthynnus alleteratus (n = 14) Scombridae 11/2005–5/2007 92.85 18.14 19.53
Lecithocladium excisum (Rudolphi, 1819) Hemiuridae Scomber japonicus (n = 54) Scombridae 7–8/2005 33.30 0.70 2.11
Opechona bacillaris (Molin, 1859) * Lepocreadiidae Scomber japonicus Scombridae 5–7–8/2005 29.60 0.62 2.12
Prodistomum orientalis (Layman, 1930) * Lepocreadiidae Scomber japonicus Scombridae 7–8/2005 7.40 0.09 1.25
Podocotyle temensis Fischthal & Thomas, 1970 * Opecoelidae Epinephelus costae (n = 11) Serranidae 10/2005 27.27 4.18 15.33
Lecithochirium musculus (Looss, 1907) * Hemiuridae Serranus scriba (n = 21) Serranidae 4/2005–7/2007 38.09 0.47 2.50
Bacciger israelensis Fischthal, 1980 Faustulidae Boops boops Sparidae 9/2005 27.77 2.00 7.20
Robphildollfusium martinezgomezi López-Román, Gyliauchenidae Boops boops Sparidae 9/2005 5.55 0.16 3.00
Gijón-Botella, Kim & Vilca-Choque, 1992 *
Macvicaria crassigula (Linton, 1910) Opecoelidae Diplodus annularis (n = 43) Sparidae 1–4-7–11/2005 11.60 0.13 1.20
Diplodus vulgaris (n = 33) Sparidae 11–12/2005–4/2006 15.15 0.24 1.60
Peracreadium characis (Stossich, 1886) Opecoelidae Diplodus puntazzo (n = 19) Sparidae 12/2005 47.36 1.10 2.33
Diphterostomum brusinae (Stossich, 1889) Zoogonidae Diplodus vulgaris Sparidae 2/2005–4/2006 6.06 0.33 5.50
Pseudopycnadena fischthali Saad-Fares & Maillard, Opecoelidae Diplodus vulgaris Sparidae 2/2006 6.06 0.04 1.00
1986 12/2005–2/2006
Aphallus tubarium Rudolphi, 1819 Cryptogonimidae Dentex dentex (n = 11) Sparidae 2/2006 36.36 1.45 4.00
Hemiurus communis Odhner, 1905 Hemiuridae Dentex dentex Sparidae 18.18 0.81 4.50
Holorchis pycnoporus Stossich, 1901 Lepocreadiidae Lithognathus mormyrus (n = 30) Sparidae 2–5/2005 20.00 0.56 2.83
Macvicaria mormyri (Stossich, 1885) Opecoelidae Lithognathus mormyrus Sparidae 2–5/2005 10.00 0.20 2.00
Centroderma spinosissima (Stossich, 1883) Mesometridae Sarpa salpa (n = 20) Sparidae 1/2006–10/2007 10.00 0.95 9.50
Lepocreadium pegorchis (Stossich, 1901) Lepocreadiidae Sarpa salpa Sparidae 1/2006–10/2007 30.00 3.05 10.16
Mesometra brachycoelia Lühe 1901 Mesometridae Sarpa salpa Sparidae 1/2006–10/2007 35.00 0.50 1.40
Mesometra orbicularis (Rudolphi, 1819) Mesometridae Sarpa salpa Sparidae 1/2006–10/2007 60.00 4.20 7.00
Robphildollfusium fractum (Rudolphi, 1819) Gyliauchenidae Sarpa salpa Sparidae 1/2006–10/2007 50.00 6.55 13.10
Wardula capitellata (Rudolphi, 1819) Mesometridae Sarpa salpa Sparidae 1/2006–10/2007 10.00 0.10 1.00
Allopodocotyle pedicellata (Stossich, 1887) Opecoelidae Sparus aurata (n = 22) Sparidae 11/2005 9.09 0.13 1.50
Macvicaria obovata (Molin, 1859) Opecoelidae Sparus aurata Sparidae 11/2005 36.36 0.90 2.50
Allopodocotyle tunisiensis Derbel & Neifar, 2009 * Opecoelidae Solea aegyptiaca (n = 60) Soleidae 5–9/2005– 3/2007 13.30 3.50 0.46
*

First records in Tunisia.

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