Open Access
Volume 25, 2018
Article Number 6
Number of page(s) 10
Published online 09 February 2018
  1. Anstensrud M, Schram TA. 1988. Host and site selection by larval stages and adults of the parasitic copepod Lernaeenicus sprattae (Sowerby)(Copepoda, Pennellidae) in the Oslofjord. Hydrobiologia, 167, 587–595. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  2. Bennet PS. 1961. Peroderma cylindricum Heller, a copepod parasite of Sardinella albella. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 3, 70–74. [Google Scholar]
  3. Bharadhirajan P, Gopalakrishnan A, Raja K, Murugan S, Vijayakumar R, Rahman MM. 2013. Prevalence of copepod parasite (Lernaeenicus polynemi) infestation on Eleutheronema tetradactylum from Pazhayar coastal waters, southeast coast of India. Journal of Coastal Life Medicine, 1, 258–261. [Google Scholar]
  4. Boxshall GA. 1986. A new genus and two new species of Pennellidae (Copepoda: Siphonostomatoida) and an analysis of evolution within the family. Systematic Parasitology, 8, 215–225. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  5. Boxshall GA. 1998. Host specificity in copepod parasites of deep-sea fishes. Journal of Marine Systems, 15, 215–223. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  6. Boxshall GA. 2000. Parasitic copepods (Copepoda: Siphonostomatoida) from deep-sea and mid-water fishes. Systematic Parasitology, 47, 173–181. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  7. Boxshall GA. 2005. Copepoda (copepods), in Rohde K. (Ed.), Marine Parasitology. Collingwood: CSIRO Publishing, p. 123–138. [Google Scholar]
  8. Boxshall GA, Halsey SH. 2004. An Introduction to Copepod Diversity. London: The Ray Society. [Google Scholar]
  9. Boxshall GA, Walter TC. 2012. Pennellidae Burmeister, 1835. In: Walter TC, Boxshall GA. 2017. World of Copepods database. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at on 2017-12-06 [Google Scholar]
  10. Brooker A, Bron J, Shinn A. 2012. Description of the free-swimming juvenile stages of Lernaeocera branchialis (Pennellidae), using traditional light and confocal microscopy methods. Aquatic Biology, 14, 153–163. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  11. Castro Romero R. 2014. Two new genera of pennellids (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida): Propeniculus and Pseudopeniculus, each with a new combination, Propeniculus trichiuri (Gnanamuthu, 1951) and Pseudopeniculus asinus (Kabata & Wilkes, 1977). Crustaceana, 87, 551–569. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  12. Castro Romero R, Kuroki HB. 1989. Characters of the Pennellidae based on Peniculus, Metapeniculus, Trifur, Lernaeenicus and Lernaeocera, specimens study with SEM. Estuda Oceanologia, 8, 21–44. [Google Scholar]
  13. Cherel Y, Boxshall GA. 2004. Sarcotretes (Copepoda: Pennellidae) parasitizing myctophid fishes in the Southern Ocean: new information from seabird diet. Journal of Parasitology, 90, 1288–1292. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  14. FishBase. 2017. Ver. (06/2017) at on 2017-10-17 [Google Scholar]
  15. Heller C. 1865. Reise der Österreucguscgeb Fregatte Novara um die Erde in den Jahren 1857, 1858, 1859. den Befehlen des Commodore B. von Wüllerstorf-Urbair. Zoologischer Theil, zveiter Band, dritte Abtheilung, Crustaceen, Viena, 4, 1–280. [Google Scholar]
  16. Ho JS. 1966. Larval stages of Cardiodectes sp. (Caligoida: Lernaeoceriformes), a copepod parasitic on fishes. Bulletin of Marine Science, 16, 159–199. [Google Scholar]
  17. Ho JS, Nagasawa K, Kim IH. 2007. Sarcotretes longirostris n. sp. (Copepoda: Pennellidae) parasitic on bluefin driftfish (Psenes pellucidus) from the stomachs of short-finned pilot whales caught off Japan. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 27, 116–120. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  18. Hogans WE. 1988. Review of Sarcotretes Jungersen, 1911 (Copepoda: Pennellidae) from midwater and demersal fishes in the north Atlantic Ocean. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 66, 1371–1375. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  19. Huys R, Boxshall GA. 1991. Copepod Evolution. London: The Ray Society. [Google Scholar]
  20. Ismail N, Ohtsuka S, Venmathi Maran BA, Tasumi S, Zaleha K, Yamashita H. 2013. Complete life cycle of a pennellid Peniculus minuticaudae Shiino, 1956 (Copepoda: Siphonostomatoida) infecting cultured threadsail filefish, Stephanolepis cirrhifer. Parasite, 20, 42. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  21. Izawa K. 1997. The copepodid of Peniculisa shiinoi Izawa, 1965 (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida, Pennellidae), a single free-swimming larval stage of the species. Crustaceana, 70, 911–919. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  22. Jungersen HFE. 1911. On a new gymnoblastic hydroid (Ichthyocodium sarcotretis) epizoic on a new parasitic copepod (Sarcotretes scopeli) infesting Scopelus glacialis Rhdt. Videnskabelige Meddeleser fra Dansk Naturhistorisk Forening, 64, 1–33. [Google Scholar]
  23. Kabata Z. 1979. Parasitic Copepoda of British fishes. London: The Ray Society. [Google Scholar]
  24. Kearn GC. 2004. Leeches, lice and lamprey. A natural history of skin and gill parasites of fishes. Dordrecht: Springer. [Google Scholar]
  25. Knoff M, Boeger WA. 1994. Expanded description of the female of Lernaeenicus longiventris Wilson, 1917 (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida, Pennellidae) based on specimens from Mugil platanus Günter, 1880 (Perciformes, Mugilidae) of the state of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 89, 313–317. [Google Scholar]
  26. Leigh-Sharpe WH. 1934. The Copepoda of the Siboga Expedition. Part II. Commensal and parasitic Copepoda. Siboga Expedition Monograph, 29b, 1–43. [Google Scholar]
  27. Lewis AG. 1959. A new species of parasitic copepod of the family Lernaeidae, Lernaeenicus multilobatus, from a deep-sea angler-fish. Bulletin of Marine Science, 9, 169–173. [Google Scholar]
  28. Nagasawa K, Mukai T, Sota K, Yamauchi T. 2010. Heavy infection of groupers Epinephelus spp. with Lernaeenicus ramosus (Copepoda, Pennellidae) in the Sea of Japan. Biogeography, 12, 13–15. [Google Scholar]
  29. Nakabo T. 2013. Fishes of Japan with pictorial keys to the species, 3rd edition. Hadano: Tokai University Press (In Japanese). [Google Scholar]
  30. Oldewage WH. 1989. A new species of Lernaeenicus (Copepoda: Siphonostomatoida) from southern Africa. South African Journal of Zoology, 24, 319–321. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  31. Pascual S, Gestal C, Estévez JM, Rodríguez H, Soto M, Abollo E, Arias C. 1996. Parasites in commercially-exploited cephalopods (Mollusca, Cephalopoda) in Spain: an update perspective. Aquaculture, 142, 1–10. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  32. Pascual, S., Gestal, C., Abollo, E. (1997). Effect of Pennella sp. (Copepoda, Pennellidae) on the condition of Illex coindetii and Todaropsis eblanae (Cephalopoda, Ommastrephidae). Bulletin-European Association of Fish Pathologists, 17, 91–95. [Google Scholar]
  33. Pascual S, González A, Guerra A. 1998. Effect of parasitism on the productivity of the ommastrephid stocks in Galician waters (NW Spain): economic loss. Iberus, 16, 13–14. [Google Scholar]
  34. Pascual S, González AF, Gestal C, Abollo E, Guerra A. 2001. Epidemiology of Pennella sp. (Crustacea: Copepoda), in exploited Illex coindetii stock in the NE Atlantic. Scientia Marina, 65, 307–312. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  35. Pascual S, González AF, Guerra A. 2005. The recruitment of gill-infesting copepods as a categorical predictor of size-at-age data in squid populations. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 62, 629–633. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  36. Perkins PS. 1983. The life history of Cardiodectes medusaeus (Wilson), a copepod parasite of lanternfishes (Myctophidae). Journal of Crustacean Biology, 3, 70–87. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  37. Quattrini AM, Demopoulos AW. 2016. Ectoparasitism on deep-sea fishes in the western North Atlantic: In situ observations from ROV surveys. International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife, 5, 217–228. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  38. Raja K, Saravanakumar A, Gopalakrishnan A, Vijayakumar R, Hwang UW, Venmathi Maran BA. 2016. The genus Lernaeenicus Lesueur (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida, Pennellidae) in India: a checklist with notes on its taxonomy and ecology. Zootaxa, 4174, 192–211. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  39. Schram TA. 1979. The life history of the eye-maggot of the sprat, Lernaeenicus sprattae (Sowerby) (Copepoda, Lernaeoceridae). Sarsia, 64, 279–316. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  40. Schram TA, Ansteinsrud, M. 1985. Lernaeenicus sprattae (Sowerby) larvae in the Oslofjord plankton and some laboratory experiments with the nauplius and copepodid (Copepoda, Penellidae). Sarsia, 70, 127–134. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  41. Sebastian MJ, George KC. 1964. Lernaeenicus anchoviellae n. sp. (Copepoda-Lernaeidae) parasitic on Anchoviella bataviensis (Hardenberg) with descriptions of its three post-larval stages. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India, 6, 235–240. [Google Scholar]
  42. Shiino SM. 1958. Copepods parasitic on Japanese fishes. 17. Lernaeidae. Report of the Faculty of Fisheries, Prefectural University of Mie, 3, 75–100. [Google Scholar]
  43. Shiino SM. 1965. Parasitic copepods of the eastern Pacific fishes. 7. Lernaeenicus hemiramphi Gnanamuthu. Report of the Faculty of Fisheries Prefectural University of Mie, 5, 435–440. [Google Scholar]
  44. Sproston NG. 1942. The developmental stages of Lernaeocera branchialis (Linn.). Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 25, 441–466. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  45. Stiassny MLJ, Wiley EO, Johnson GD, de Carvalho MR. 2004. Gnathostome fishes in Assembling the tree of life, Cracraft J, Donoghue MJ, Editors. Oxford University Press: Oxford. p. 410–429 [Google Scholar]
  46. Uyeno D, Wakabayashi K, Nagasawa K. 2012. A new species of parasitic copepod, Sarcotretes umitakae sp. n. (Siphonostomatoida, Pennellidae), on the rattail (Actinopterygii, Macrouridae) from the East China Sea, Japan. ZooKeys, 246, 1–10. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  47. Venmathi Maran BA, Moon SY, Oh SY, Soh HY, Myoung JG. 2012. Redescription of two pennellids (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida) from Korea with a key to species of Peniculus von Nordmann, 1832. ZooKeys, 243, 1–14. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  48. Venmathi Maran BA, Oh SY, Choi HJ, Myoung JG. 2014. Seasonal occurrence and habitat of two pennellids (Copepoda, Siphonostomatoida) infecting marine ranched black scraper and Korean rockfish in Korea. Tropical Biomedicine, 31, 362–369. [Google Scholar]
  49. Wilson CB. 1917. North American parasitic copepods belonging to the family Lernaeidae with a revision of the entire family. Proceeding of the United States National Museum, 53, 1–150. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  50. Yamaguti S, Utinomi H. 1953. Lernaeenicus quadrilobatus n. sp. (Copepoda, Lernaeidae) parasitic on the lantern-fish Diaphus coeruleus. Publication the Seto Marine Biological Laboratory, 3, 51–53. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.