Open Access
Research Article
Issue
Parasite
Volume 24, 2017
Article Number 13
Number of page(s) 13
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/parasite/2017016
Published online 15 May 2017
  1. Aguiar GM, Medeiros WM. 2003. Distribuição regional e hábitats das espécies de flebotomíneos do Brasil, in Flebotomíneos do Brasil, Rangel EF, Lainson R, Organizators. Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro. p. 207–255. [Google Scholar]
  2. Arias JR, Miles MA, Naiff RD, Póvoa MM, de Freitas RA, Biancardi CB, Castellón EG. 1985. Flagellate infections of Brazilian sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae): isolation in vitro and biochemical identification of Endotrypanum and Leishmania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 34, 1098–1110. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  3. Azpurua J, de la Cruz D, Valderama A, Windsor D. 2010. Lutzomyia sand fly diversity and rates of infection by Wolbachia and an exotic Leishmania species on Barro Colorado Island, Panama. PlosOne, 4, e627. [Google Scholar]
  4. Brandão-Filho SP, Brito ME, Carvalho FG, Ishikawa EA, Cupolillo E, Floeter-Winter L, Shaw JJ. 2003. Wild and synanthropic hosts of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis in the endemic cutaneous leishmaniasis locality of Amaraji, Pernambuco State, Brazil. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 97, 291–296. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  5. Brazil RP, Andrade Filho JD, Falcão AL. 2000. Notes on Phlebotomine sandflies (Diptera; Psychodidae) from Amapá state, Brazil. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association, 16, 40–41. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  6. Brazil RP, Rodrigues AAF, Andrade Filho JD. 2015. Sand fly vectors of Leishmania in the Americas – A mini review. Entomology, Ornithology and Herpetology, 4, 144. [Google Scholar]
  7. Campbell-Lendrum DH, Brandão-Filho SP, Pinto MC, Vexenat AJ, Ready PD, Davies CR. 2000. The domesticity of Lutzomyia whitmani populations: field experiments indicate behavioural differences. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 90, 41–48. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  8. Chaves RCG. 2003. Avaliação epidemiológica da leishmaniose tegumentar Americana no estado do Amapá em 2002. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 36(suppl. 2), 25–26. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  9. Dedet JP, Pajot FX, Desjeux P, Goyot P, Chippaux JP, Geoffroy B. 1985. Natural hosts of Leishmania mexicana amazonensis Lainson and Shaw, 1972 (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) in French Guiana. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 79, 302–305. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  10. Dedet JP. 1990. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in French Guiana: a review. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 43, 25–28. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  11. Dias ES, Martins AV, Falcão AL, Silva JE. 1986. Descrição de uma nova espécie do subgênero Helcocyrtomyia, Lutzomyia pusilla sp. n. (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae). Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 81, 395–399. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  12. Fagundes-Silva GA, Romero GAS, Cupolillo E, Yamashita EPG, Gomes-Silva A, Guerra JAO, Da-Cruz AM. 2015. Leishmania (Viannia) naiffi: rare enough to be neglected? Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 110, 797–800. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  13. Feliciangeli MD, Rabinovich J. 1998. Abundance of Lutzomyia ovallesi but not Lu. gomezi (Diptera: Psychodidae) correlated with cutaneous leishmaniasis incidence in north-central Venezuela. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 12, 121–131. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  14. Ferreira JVS, Santos TV, Gorayeb IS. 2014. Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in forest fragments of Belém metropolitan area, Pará State, Brazil, with considerations on vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis agents. Revista Pan-Amazônica de Saude, 5, 29–35. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  15. Forattini OP. 1959. Sobre os flebótomos do território do Amapá, Brasil. Separata dos arquivos da Faculdade de Higiene e Saúde Pública da Universidade de São Paulo, 3, 158–164. [Google Scholar]
  16. Fouque F, Gaborit P, Issaly J, Carinci R, Gantier J-C, Ravel C, Dedet J-P. 2007. Phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) associated with changing patterns in the transmission of the human cutaneous leishmaniasis in French Guiana. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 102(1), 35–40. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  17. Freitas RA, Naiff RD, Barret TV. 2002. Species diversity and flagellate infections in the sand fly fauna near Porto Grande, State of Amapá, Brazil (Diptera: Psychodidae. Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae). Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 9, 53–59. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  18. Furtado NVR, Galardo AKR, Galardo CD, Firmino VC, dos Santos TV. 2016. Phlebotomines (Diptera: Psychodidae) in a hydroelectric system affected area from Northern Amazonian Brazil: Further insights into the effects of environmental changes on vector ecology. Journal of Tropical Medicine, 2016, 9819723. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  19. Galardo AKR, Galardo CD, Santana AA, Mendes JCC, Souza FRA, Duarte JP, Saraiva JF, Pinna LCL, Carvalho RW, Correa APSA, Lima ACSF. 2013. Primeira ocorrência de Lutzomyia (Lutzomyia) longipalpis Lutz & Neiva, 1912 (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) no Estado do Amapá, Brasil. Biota Amazonia, 3, 179–183. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  20. Galardo AKR, Galardo CD, Silveira GA, Ribeiro KAN, Hijjar AV, Oliveira AL, Santos TV. 2015. Phlebotominae sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae): potential vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis agents in the area associated with the Santo Antônio hydroelectric system in Western Amazonian Brazil. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 48, 265–271. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  21. Galati EAB. 2003. Morfologia e Taxonomia: Morfologia, terminologia de adultos e identificação táxons da América, in Flebotomíneos do Brasil, Rangel EF, Lainson R, Organizators. Fiocruz, Rio de Janeiro. p. 23–206. [Google Scholar]
  22. Gil LH, Basano AS, Souza AA, Silva MG, Barata I, Ishikawa EA, Camargo LM, Shaw JJ. 2003. Recent observations on the sand fly (Diptera: Psychodidae) fauna of the state of Rondônia, western Amazonia, Brazil: the importance of Psychodopygus davisi as a vector of zoonotic cutaneous leishmaniasis. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 98, 751–755. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  23. Grimaldi G Jr, Momen H, Naiff RD, McMahon-Pratt D, Barrett TV. 1991. Characterization and classification of leishmanial parasites from humans, wild mammals, and sand flies in the Amazon region of Brazil. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 44, 645–661. [Google Scholar]
  24. Guimarães VCFV, Costa PC, Silva FJ, Melo FL, Dantas-Torres F, Rodrigues EHG, Brandão Filho SP. 2014. Molecular detection of Leishmania in phlebotomine sand flies in a cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis endemic area in northeastern Brazil. Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, 56, 357–360. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  25. Hammer Ø, Harper DAT, Ryan PD. 2001. PAST: Paleontological Statistics Software Package for Education and Data Analysis. Paleontologia Electronica, 4, 1–9. [Google Scholar]
  26. IBGE (Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. 2013. Coordenação de População e Indicadores Sociais (1st July 2013). “Estimates of resident population in the Brazilian municipalities dated July 1, 2013”. Consulted in 9th September 2013. Available from http://www.ibge.gov.br [Google Scholar]
  27. Ishikawa EA, Ready PD, de Souza AA, Day JC, Rangel EF, Davies CR, Shaw JJ. 1999. A mitochondrial DNA phylogeny indicates close relationships between populations of Lutzomyia whitmani (Diptera: Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) from the rain-forest regions of Amazonia and northeast Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 94, 339–345. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  28. Jennings YL, de Souza AAA, Ishikawa EA, Shaw J, Lainson R, Silveira FT. 2014. Phenotypic characterization of Leishmania spp. causing cutaneous leishmaniasis in the lower Amazon region, western Pará state, Brazil, reveals a putative hybrid parasite, Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis × Leismania (Viannia) shawi shawi. Parasite, 21, 39. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  29. Kato H, Gomez EA, Yamamoto Y, Calvopiña M, Guevara AG, Marco JD, Barroso PA, Iwata I, Hashiguchi Y. 2008. Natural infection of Lutzomyia tortura with Leishmania (Viannia) naiffi in an Amazonian area of Ecuador. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 79, 438–440. [Google Scholar]
  30. Kent A, Santos TV, Gandadin A, Samjhawan A, Mans DRA, Schallig HDFH. 2013. Studies on the sand fly fauna (Diptera: Psychodidae) in high-transmission areas of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Republic of Suriname. Parasites & Vectors, 6, 318. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  31. Killick-Kendrick R. 1990. Phlebotomine vectors of the leishmaniasis: a review. Medical and Veterinary Entomology, 4, 1–24. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  32. Lainson R, Braga RR, Souza AA, Povoa MM, Ishihawa EAY, Silveira FT. 1989. Leishmania (Viannia) shawi sp. n., a parasite of monkeys, sloths and procyonids in Amazonian Brazil. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 64, 200–207. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  33. Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Ready PD, Miles MA, Póvoa M. 1981. Leishmaniasis in Brazil: XVI. Isolation and identification of Leishmania species from sand flies, wild mammals and man in north Pará state, with particular reference to L. braziliensis guyanensis causative agent of “pian-bois”. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 75, 530–536. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  34. Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Silveira FT, Braga RR, Ishikawa EAY. 1990. Cutaneous leishmaniasis of man due to Leishmania (Viannia) naiffi. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 65, 282–284. [Google Scholar]
  35. Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Ward RD, Ready PD, Naiff RD. 1979. Leishmaniasis in Brazil: XIII. Isolation of Leishmania from armadillos (Dasypus novemcinctus) and observation on the epidemiology of cutaneous leishmaniasis in north Pará state. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 73, 239–242. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  36. Lainson R, Shaw JJ. 1989. Leishmania (Viannia) naiffi sp. n., a parasite of the armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus in Amazonian Brazil. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 64, 3–9. [Google Scholar]
  37. Lainson R, Shaw JJ. 1968. Leishmaniasis in Brazil I. Observations on enzootic rodent leishmaniasis – Incrimination of Lutzomyia flaviscutellata (Mangabeira) as the vector in the lower Amazonian basin. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 62, 385–395. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  38. Lana RS, Michalsky EM, Fortes-Dias CR, França-Silva JC, Lara-Silva FO, Lima ACVMR, Avelar DM, Martins JCD, Dias ES. 2015. Phlebotomine sand fly fauna and Leishmania infection in the vicinity of the Serra do Cipó National Park, a natural Brazilian heritage site. BioMed Research International, 2015, 385493. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  39. Le Pont F, Pajot FX. 1980. La leishmaniose en Guyane Française. I. Étude de l’écologie et du taux d’infection naturelle d’un vecteur Lutzomyia (Nyssomyia) umbratilis Ward et Fraiha, 1977 en saison sèche. Considerations epidémiologiques. Cahiers ORSTOM Série Entomologie Médicale et Parasitologie, 18, 359–383. [Google Scholar]
  40. Le Pont F, Pajot FX, Reguer R. 1980. Preliminary observations on the silvatic cycle of leishmaniasis in French Guiana. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 74, 133. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  41. Léger N, Abonnenc E, Pajot FX, Kramer R, Claustre J. 1977. Liste commentée des phlébotomes de la Guyane Française. Cahiers ORSTOM Série Entomologie Médicale et Parasitologie, 15, 217–232. [Google Scholar]
  42. Marcondes CB. 2007. A proposal of generic and subgeneric abbreviations for Phlebotomine Sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) of the World. Entomological News, 118, 351–356. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  43. Martin-Blondel G, Iriart X, El Baidouri F, Simon S, Mills D, Demar M, Pistone T, Le Taillandier T, Malvy D, Gangneux J-P, Couppie P, Munckhof W, Marchou B, Ravel C, Berry A. 2015. Outbreak of Leishmania braziliensis Cutaneous Leishmaniasis, Saül, French Guiana. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 21, 893–894. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  44. Martinez E, Le Ponte F, Mollinedo S, Cupollilo EA. 2001. First case of cutaneous leishmaniasis due to Leishmania (Viannia) lainsoni in Bolivia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 95, 375–377. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  45. Miles MA, Póvoa MM, Souza AA, Lainson R, Shaw JJ. 1980. Some methods for the enzymic characterization of Latin-American Leishmania with particular reference to Leishmania mexicana amazonensis and subspecies of Leishmania hertigi. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 74, 243–252. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  46. Moreno ES, Freire MP, Nascimento LOC, Zanini V, Zanini V, Alves VR, Shimabukuro PHF. 2013. Sand flies (Diptera, Psychodidae, Phlebotominae) collected in the Waiãpi indigenous reserve, Eastern Amazon, Brazil. Abstract Book ISOPS VIII – International Symposium on Phlebotomine Sandflies, Puerto Iguazú, Argentina, ID20-P. [Google Scholar]
  47. Naiff RD, Freitas RA, Naiff MF, Arias JR, Barret TV, Momen H, Grimaldi JuniorG. 1991. Epidemiological and nosological aspects of Leishmania naiffi Lainson & Shaw, 1989. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 86, 317–321. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  48. Oliveira AG, Andrade Filho JD, Falcão AL. 2001. A new sand fly, Lutzomyia campograndensis sp. n. (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) from the State of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 96, 325–329. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  49. Olson DM, Dinerstein E, Wikramanayake ED, Burgess ND, Powell GVN, Underwood EC, d’Amico JA, Itoua I, Strand HE, Morrison JC, Loucks CJ, Allnutt TF, Ricketts TH, Kura Y, Lamoreux JF, Wettengel WW, Hedao P, Kassem KR. 2001. Terrestrial ecoregions of the world: a new map of life on earth. Bioscience, 51, 933–938. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  50. Pajot FX, Le Pont F, Gentile B, Besnard R. 1982. Epidemiology of leishmaniasis in French Guiana. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 76, 112–113. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  51. Pinheiro FG, Luz SLB, Franco AMR. 2008. Infecção natural por tripanosomatídeos (Kinetoplastida: Trypanosomatidae) em Lutzomyia umbratilis (Diptera: Psychodidae) em áreas de leishmaniose tegumentar americana no Amazonas, Brasil. Acta Amazonica, 38, 165–172. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  52. Pratlong F, Deniau M, Darie H, Eichenlaub S, Proll S, Garrabe E, le Guyadec T, Dedet JP. 2002. Human cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania naiffi is wide-spread in South America. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, 96, 781–785. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  53. Rangel EF, Lainson R. 2009. Proven and putative vectors of American cutaneous leishmaniasis in Brazil: aspects of their biology and vectorial competence. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 104, 937–995. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  54. Ready PD, Lainson R, Shaw J, Ward RD. 1986. The ecology of Lutzomyia umbratilis Ward & Fraiha (Diptera: Psychodidae), the major vector to man of Leishmania braziliensis guyanensis in north-eastern Amazonian Brazil. Bulletin of Entomological Research, 76, 21–40. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  55. Rotureau B. 2006. Ecology of the Leishmania species in the Guianan Ecoregion Complex. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 74, 81–96. [Google Scholar]
  56. Ryan L, Lainson R, Shaw JJ. 1987. Leishmaniasis in Brazil. XXIV. Natural flagellate infections of sandflies (Diptera: Psycodidae) in Pará State, with particular reference to the role of Psychodopygus wellcomei as the vector of Leishmania braziliensis in the Serra dos Carajás. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 81, 353–359. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  57. Sábio PB, Andrade AJ, Galati EAB. 2014. Assessment of the taxonomic status of some species included in the shannoni complex, with the description of a new species of Psathyromyia (Diptera: Psychodidae: Phlebotominae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 51, 331–341. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  58. Saraiva JF, Souto RNP, Ferreira RMA. 2011. Flebotomíneos (Diptera: Psychodidae) coletados em um assentamento rural no Estado do Amapá, Brasil. Biota Amazônia, 1, 58–62. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  59. Shaw JJ, Ishikawa EAY, Lainson R. 1989. A rapid and sensitive method for the identification of Leishmania with monoclonal antibodies using fluorescein-labelled avidin. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 83, 783–784. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  60. Shaw JJ, Ishikawa EAY, Lainson R, Braga RR, Silveira FT. 1991. Cutaneous leishmaniasis of man due to Leishmania (Viannia) shawi Lainson, De Souza, Póvoa, Ishikawa & Silveira in Pará state, Brazil. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 66, 243–246. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  61. Silva ACT, Cupolillo E, Volpini AC, Almeida R, Romero GAS. 2006. Species diversity causing human cutaneous leishmaniasis in Rio Branco, state of Acre, Brazil. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 2, 1388–1398. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  62. Silveira FT, Souza AA, Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Braga RR, Ishikawa EE. 1991. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Amazon Region: natural infection of the sand fly Lutzomyia ubiquitalis (Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) by Leishmania (Viannia) lainsoni in Pará state, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 86, 127–130. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  63. Simon S, Veron V, Carme B. 2010. Leishmania spp. identification by polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis and its applications in French Guiana. Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease, 66, 175–180. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  64. SINAN- Sistema de informação de agravos de notificação/ Secretaria de Vigilância e Saúde/ Ministério da Saúde: Tabulação de Dados – Accessed on 04.03.2016. Available from http://dtr2004.saude.gov.br/sinanweb/index.php [Google Scholar]
  65. Souza AAA, Santos TV, Jennings YLL, Ishikawa EAY, Barata IR, Silva MGS, Lima JAN, Shaw J, Lainson R, Silveira FT. 2016. Natural Leishmania (Viannia) spp. infections in phlebotomine sand flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) from the Brazilian Amazon region reveal new putative transmission cycles of American cutaneous leishmaniasis. Parasite, 32, 22. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  66. Valderrama A, Tavares MG, Andrade Filho JD. 2011. Anthropogenic influence on the distribution, abundance and diversity of sandfly species (Diptera: Phlebotominae: Psychodidae), vectors of cutaneous leishmaniasis in Panama. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 106, 1024–1031. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  67. Valdivia HO, Santos MB, Fernandez R, Baldeviano GC, Zorrilla VO, Vera H, Lucas CM, Edgel KA, Lescano AG, Mundal KD, Graf PC. 2012. Natural Leishmania infection of Lutzomyia (Trichophoromyia) auraensis in Madre de Dios, Peru, detected by a fluorescence resonance energy transfer-based real-time polymerase chain reaction. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 87, 511–517. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  68. van der Meide W, de Vries H, Pratlong F, van der Wal A, Sabajo L. 2008. Leishmania (Leishmania) amazonenis infection, Suriname. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 14, 858–859. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  69. van Thiel P-PAM, van Gool T, Bart PA, Kager A. 2010. Case report: first cases of cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by Leishmania (Viannia) naiffi infection in Surinam. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 82, 588–590. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  70. Vexenat JA, Barretto AC, Cuba CC, Marsden PD. 1986. Características epidemiológicas da leishmaniose tegumentar americana em uma região endêmica do Estado da Bahia. III Fauna flebotomínica. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 81, 293–301. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  71. Walters LL, Chaplin GL, Modi GB, Tesh RB. 1989. Ultrastructural biology of Leishmania (Viannia) panamensis (=Leishmania braziliensis panamensis) in Lutzomyia gomezi (Diptera: Psychodidae): natural host-parasite association. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 40, 19–39. [Google Scholar]
  72. Walton BC, Shaw JJ, Lainson R. 1977. Observations on the in vitro cultivation of Leishmania braziliensis. Journal of Parasitology, 63, 1118–1119. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  73. Ward RD, Fraiha H. 1977. Lutzomyia umbratilis, a new species of sand fly from Brazil (Diptera: Psychodidae). Journal of Medical Entomology, 14, 313–317. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  74. Young DG, Duncan MA. 1994. Guide to the identification and geographic distribution of Lutzomyia sand flies in Mexico, the West Indies, Central and South America (Diptera: Psychodidae). Gainesville. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 54, 1–881. [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.