Open Access
Volume 24, 2017
Article Number 9
Number of page(s) 6
Published online 13 March 2017
  1. Brandao GP, Ferreira AM, Melo MN, Vitor RW. 2006. Characterization of Toxoplasma gondii from domestic animals from Minas Gerais, Brazil. Parasite, 13, 43–49. [Google Scholar]
  2. Cook AJ, Gilbert RE, Buffolano W, Zufferey J, Petersen E, Jenum PA, Foulon W, Semprini AE, Dunn DT. 2000. Sources of Toxoplasma infection in pregnant women: European multicentre case-control study. European Research Network on Congenital Toxoplasmosis. British Medical Journal, 321, 142–147. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  3. Correa R, Cedeño I, de Escobar C, Fuentes I. 2008. Increased urban seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infecting swine in Panama. Veterinary Parasitology, 153, 9–11. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  4. Dabritz HA, Conrad PA. 2010. Cats and Toxoplasma: implications for public health. Zoonoses and Public Health, 57, 34–52. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  5. Dubey JP, Jones JL. 2008. Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans and animals in the United States. International Journal for Parasitology, 38, 1257–1278. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  6. Dubey JP, Cortés-Vecino JA, Vargas-Duarte JJ, Sundar N, Velmurugan GV, Bandini LM, Polo LJ, Zambrano L, Mora LE, Kwok OCH, Smith T, Su C. 2007. Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs from Colombia, South America and genetic characterization of T. gondii isolates. Veterinary Parasitology, 145, 45–50. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  7. Etheredge GD, Michael G, Muehlenbein MP, Frenkel JK. 2004. The roles of cats and dogs in the transmission of Toxoplasma infection in Kuna and Embera children in eastern Panama. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, 16, 176–186. [Google Scholar]
  8. Frenkel JK, Parker BB. 1996. An apparent role of dogs in the transmission of Toxoplasma gondii. The probable importance of xenosmophilia. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 791, 402–407. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  9. Frenkel JK, Hassanein KM, Hassanein RS, Brown E, Thulliez P, Quintero-Nunez R. 1995. Transmission of Toxoplasma gondii in Panama City, Panama: a five-year prospective cohort study of children, cats, rodents, birds, and soil. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 53, 458–468. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  10. Gebremedhin EZ, Dima N, Beyi AF, Dawo F, Feyissa N, Jorga E, Di Marco V, Vitale M. 2016. Toxoplasmosis in camels (Camelus dromedarius) of Borana zone, Oromia region, Ethiopia: seroprevalence and risk factors. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 48, 1599–1606. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  11. Hartmann K, Addie D, Belák S, Boucraut-Baralon C, Egberink H, Frymus T, Gruffydd-Jones T, Hosie MJ, Lloret A, Lutz H, Marsilio F, Möstl K, Pennisi MG, Radford AD, Thiry E, Truyen U, Horzinek MC. 2013. Toxoplasma gondii infection in cats: ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery, 15, 631–637. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  12. INEC. 2010. Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censo, Contraloría General de la República de Panamá. Distrito de Panamá: Censo Nacional de Población y Vivienda. [Google Scholar]
  13. Ibarra L, Espinola F, Echeverría M. 2006. Factores relacionados con la presencia de perros en las calles de la ciudad de Santiago, Chile. Avances en Ciencias Veterinarias, 21, 21–26. [Google Scholar]
  14. Jumaian NFF. 2005. Seroprevalence and risk factors for Toxoplasma infection in pregnant women in Jordan. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 11, 45–51. [Google Scholar]
  15. Jones JL, Kruszon-Moran D, Wilson M, McQuillan G, Navin T, McAuley JB. 2001. Toxoplasma gondii infection in the United States: seroprevalence and risk factors. American Journal of Epidemiology, 154, 357–365. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  16. Jones JL, Muccioli C, Belfort R, Holland GN, Roberts JM, Silveira C. 2006. Recently acquired Toxoplasma gondii infection, Brazil. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 12, 582–587. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  17. Jittapalapong S, Nimsupan B, Pinyopanuwat N, Chimnoi W, Kabeya H, Maruyama S. 2007. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies in stray cats and dogs in the Bangkok metropolitan area, Thailand. Veterinary Parasitology, 145, 138–141. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  18. Kassambara A, Mundt F. 2017. Factoextra: extract and visualize the results of multivariate data analyses. R package version 1.0.4, [Google Scholar]
  19. Lê S, Josse J, Husson F. 2008. FactoMineR: an R package for multivariate analysis. Journal of Statistical Software, 25, 1–18. [Google Scholar]
  20. Lindsay DS, Dubey JP, Butler JM, Blagburn BL. 1997. Mechanical transmission of Toxoplasma gondii oocysts by dogs. Veterinary Parasitology, 73, 27–33. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  21. Miró G, Montoya A, Jiménez S, Frisuelos C, Mateo M, Fuentes I. 2004. Prevalence of antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii and intestinal parasites in stray, farm and household cats in Spain. Veterinary Parasitology, 126, 249–255. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  22. Maechler M, Rousseeuw P, Struyf A, Hubert M, Hornik K. 2016. Cluster: cluster analysis basics and extensions. R package version 2.0.5, [Google Scholar]
  23. Nimri L, Pelloux H, Elkhatib L. 2004. Detection of Toxoplasma gondii DNA and specific antibodies in high-risk pregnant women. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 71, 831–835. [Google Scholar]
  24. Nash JQQ, Chissel S, Jones J, Warburton F, Verlander NQQ. 2005. Risk factors for toxoplasmosis in pregnant women in Kent, United Kingdom. Epidemiology and Infection, 133, 475–483. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  25. OPS/OMS. 2002. Tendencias demográficas y de mortalidad en la región de las Américas, 1980–2000. Boletín Epidemiológico, 23, 5–16. [Google Scholar]
  26. Pereira KS, Franco RMB, Leal DAG. 2010. Transmission of toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii) by foods. Advances in Food and Nutrition Research, 60, 1–19. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  27. R Core Team. 2015. R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing: Vienna, Austria, [Google Scholar]
  28. Roqueplo C, Halos L, Cabre O, Davoust B. 2011. Toxoplasma gondii in wild and domestic animals from New Caledonia. Parasite, 18, 345–348. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  29. Rodrigues JY, Almeida Ado BPF, de Boa Sorte EC, Gasparetto ND, Cruz FACS, da Sousa VRF. 2016. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in dogs of riverside communities of Mato Grosso Pantanal, Brazil. Revista Brasileira de Parasitologia Veterinaria, 25, 531–535. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  30. Schwartz D. 1981. Méthodes statistiques à l’usage des médecins et des biologistes. Paris: Flammarion Médecine-Sciences. [Google Scholar]
  31. Torrey EF, Yolken RH. 2013. Toxoplasma oocysts as a public health problem. Trends in Parasitology, 29, 380–384. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  32. Tenter AM, Heckeroth AR, Weiss LM. 2000. Toxoplasma gondii: from animals to humans. International Journal for Parasitology, 30, 1217–1258. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  33. Weigel RM, Dubey JP, Dyer D, Siegel AM. 1999. Risk factors for infection with Toxoplasma gondii for residents and workers on swine farms in Illinois. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 60, 793–798. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  34. Yang N, Mu M, Li H, Hu J, Gao W, Yang S, He J. 2013. Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii infection in pet dogs in Shenyang, Northeastern China. Journal of Parasitology, 99, 176–177. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.