Open Access
Research Article
Issue
Parasite
Volume 22, 2015
Article Number 31
Number of page(s) 15
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/parasite/2015031
Published online 09 November 2015
  1. Abdel-Baki AA, Al-Quraishy S, Zhang JY. 2014. Redescription of Haemogregarina garnhami (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) from the blood of Psammophis schokari (Serpentes: Colubridae) as Hepatozoon garnhami n. comb. based on molecular, morphometric and morphologic characters. Acta Parasitologica, 59(2), 294–300. [Google Scholar]
  2. Altschul SF, Gish W, Miller W, Myers EW, Lipman DJ. 1990. Basic local alignment search tool. Journal of Molecular Biology, 215(3), 403–410. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  3. Barta JR, Ogedengbe JD, Martin DS, Smith TG. 2012. Phylogenetic position of the adeleorinid coccidia (Myzozoa, Apicomplexa, Coccidia, Eucoccidiorida, Adeleorina) inferred using 18S rDNA sequences. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 59(2), 171–180. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  4. Bataille A, Fournie G, Cruz M, Cedeno V, Parker PG, Cunningham AA, Goodman SJ. 2012. Host selection and parasite infection in Aedes taeniorhynchus, endemic disease vector in the Galapagos Islands. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 12(8), 1831–1841. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  5. Brumpt E. 1938. Formes évolutives d’Hæmogregarina mauritanica chez la tique Hyalomma syriacum. Annales de Parasitologie, 16, 350–361. [Google Scholar]
  6. Carreno RA, Martin DS, Barta JR. 1999. Cryptosporidium is more closely related to the gregarines than to coccidia as shown by phylogenetic analysis of apicomplexan parasites inferred using small-subunit ribosomal RNA gene sequences. Parasitology Research, 85(11), 899–904. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  7. Chabaud AG. 1965. Cycles évolutifs des Nématodes parasites de Vertébrés. P-P Grassé – Traité de Zoologie, 4(2), 437–463. [Google Scholar]
  8. Cnops L, Van Esbroeck M, Bottieau E, Jacobs J. 2010. Giemsa-stained thick blood films as a source of DNA for Plasmodium species-specific real-time PCR. Malaria Journal, 9, 370. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  9. Cook CA, Lawton SP, Davies AJ, Smit NJ. 2014. Reassignment of the land tortoise haemogregarine Haemogregarina fitzsimonsi Dias 1953 (Adeleorina: Haemogregarinidae) to the genus Hepatozoon Miller 1908 (Adeleorina: Hepatozoidae) based on parasite morphology, life cycle and phylogenetic analysis of 18S rDNA sequence fragments. Parasitology(12), 141, 1611–1620. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  10. Cook CA, Smit NJ, Davies AJ. 2015. First record of an intraleucocytic Haemogregarine (Adeleorina: Haemogregarinidae) from South African Tortoises of the species Stigmochelys pardalis (Cryptodira: Testudinidae). African Zoology, 49(2), 290–294. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  11. Criado-Fornelio A, Buling A, Casado N, Gimenez C, Ruas J, Wendt W, Da-Rosa-Farias N, Rey-Valeiron C, Caraba-Carretero JC. 2009. Molecular characterisation of arthropod-borne hematozoans in wild mammals from Brazil, Venezuela and Spain. Acta Parasitologica, 54(3), 187–193. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  12. Criado-Fornelio A, Buling A, Cunha-Filho NA, Ruas JL, Farias NA, Rey-Valeiron C, Pingret JL, Etievant M, Barba-Carretero JC. 2007. Development and evaluation of a quantitative PCR assay for detection of Hepatozoon sp. Veterinary Parasitology, 150(4), 352–356. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  13. Criado-Fornelio A, Ruas JL, Casado N, Farias NA, Soares MP, Muller G, Brumt JG, Berne ME, Buling-Sarana A, Barba-Carretero JC. 2006. New molecular data on mammalian Hepatozoon species (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) from Brazil and Spain. Journal of Parasitology, 92(1), 93–99. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  14. Danilewsky B. 1885. Die häematozoën der kaltblüter. Archiv für Mikroskopische Anatomie, 24, 588–598. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  15. Danilewsky B. 1886. Recherche sur la parasitologie du sang. Archives Slaves de Biologie, 1, 364–396. [Google Scholar]
  16. Desser SS. 1978. Morphological, cytochemical, and biochemical observations on the blood of the tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus, New Zealand. Journal of Zoology, 5(3), 503–508. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [MathSciNet] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  17. Dezdek D, Vojta L, Curkovic S, Lipej Z, Mihaljevic Z, Cvetnic Z, Beck R. 2010. Molecular detection of Theileria annae and Hepatozoon canis in foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Croatia. Veterinary Parasitology, 172(3–4), 333–336. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  18. Dvorakova N, Kvicerova J, Papousek I, Javanbakht H, Tiar G, Kami H, Siroky P. 2014. Haemogregarines from western Palaearctic freshwater turtles (genera Emys, Mauremys) are conspecific with Haemogregarina stepanowi Danilewsky, 1885. Parasitology, 141(4), 522–530. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  19. Edgar RC. 2004. MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput. Nucleic Acids Research, 32(5), 1792–1797. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  20. Garnham PCC. 1954. A haemogregarine in Argas brumpti. Rivista di Parassitologia, 15, 425–435. [NASA ADS] [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [MathSciNet] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  21. Garnham PCC. 1986. Catalogue of the Garnham collection of malaria parasites and other Haemosporidia. Press syndicate of the University of Cambridge: Cambridge. p. 191 [Google Scholar]
  22. Ghélélovitch S. 1948. Coelogregarina ephestiae, schizogrégarine parasite d’Ephestia khüniella Z. (Lépidoptère). Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale, 85, 155–168. [Google Scholar]
  23. Guindon S, Dufayard JF, Lefort V, Anisimova M, Hordijk W, Gascuel O. 2010. New algorithms and methods to estimate maximum-likelihood phylogenies: assessing the performance of PhyML 3.0. Systematic Biology, 59(3), 307–321. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  24. Haklova-Ko Ikova BE, Hi Anova A, Majlath I, Ra Ka K, Harris D, Foldvari G, Tryjanowski P, Koko Ova N, Mal Ekova B, Majlathova V. 2014. Morphological and molecular characterisation of Karyolysus inverted question mark a neglected but common parasite infecting some European lizards. Parasites & Vectors, 7(1), 555. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  25. Han H, Wu Y, Dong H, Zhu S, Li L, Zhao Q, Wu D, Pei E, Wang Y, Huang B. 2015. First report of Hepatozoon (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) from king ratsnakes (Elaphe carinata) in Shanghai, with description of a new species. Acta Parasitologica, 60(2), 266–274. [Google Scholar]
  26. Harris DJ, Damas-Moreira I, Maia JP, Perera A. 2014. First report of Hepatozoon (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) in caecilians, with description of a new species. Journal of Parasitology, 100(1), 117–120. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  27. Harris DJ, Graciá E, Jorge F, Maia JPMC, Perera A, Carretero MA, Giménez A. 2013. Molecular detection of Hemolivia (Apicomplexa: Haemogregarinidae) from ticks of North African Testudo graeca (Testudines: Testudinidae) and an estimation of their phylogenetic relationships using 18S rRNA sequences. Comparative Parasitology, 80, 292–296. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  28. Harris DJ, Maia JP, Perera A. 2011. Molecular characterization of Hepatozoon species in reptiles from the Seychelles. Journal of Parasitology, 97(1), 106–110. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  29. Herbert JD, Godfrey SS, Bull CM, Menz RI. 2010. Developmental stages and molecular phylogeny of Hepatozoon tuatarae, a parasite infecting the New Zealand tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus and the tick, Amblyomma sphenodonti. International Journal for Parasitology, 40(11), 1311–1315. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  30. Kimura M, Kaneko O, Inoue A, Ishii A, Tanabe K. 1995. Amplification by polymerase chain reaction of Plasmodium falciparum DNA from Giemsa-stained thin blood smears. Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology, 70(1–2), 193–197. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  31. Koch CL. 1844. Systematische Übersicht Über die Ordnung der Zecken. Archiv für Naturgeschichte, 10, 217–239. [Google Scholar]
  32. Kopecna J, Jirku M, Obornik M, Tokarev YS, Lukes J, Modry D. 2006. Phylogenetic analysis of coccidian parasites from invertebrates: search for missing links. Protist, 157(2), 173–183. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  33. Kubo M, Uni S, Agatsuma T, Nagataki M, Panciera RJ, Tsubota T, Nakamura S, Sakai H, Masegi T, Yanai T. 2008. Hepatozoon ursi n. sp. (Apicomplexa: Hepatozoidae) in Japanese black bear (Ursus thibetanus japonicus). Parasitology International, 57(3), 287–294. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  34. Kvicerova J, Hypsa V, Dvorakova N, Mikulicek P, Jandzik D, Gardner MG, Javanbakht H, Tiar G, Siroky P. 2014. Hemolivia and hepatozoon: haemogregarines with tangled evolutionary relationships. Protist, 165(5), 688–700. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  35. Labbé A. 1894. Recherches zoologiques et biologiques sur les parasites endoglobulaires du sang des vertébrés. Archives de Zoologie Expérimentale et Générale, 2, 55–258. [Google Scholar]
  36. Lainson R. 1981. On Cyrilia gomesi (Neiva and Pinto, 1926) gen. nov. (Haemogregarinidae) and Trypanosoma bourouli Neiva and Pinto, in the fish Synbranchus marmoratus: simultaneous transmission by the leech Haementeria lutzi, in Parasitological topics: A presentation volume to P. C. C. Garnham, F. R. S. on the Occasion of his 80th Birthday, special publication N° 1, Canning EU, Editor. Society of Protozoologists: Lawrence, Kansas. p. 150–158. [Google Scholar]
  37. Laird M. 1950. Haemogregarina tuatarae sp.n., from the New Zealand Rhynchocephalian Sphenodon punctatus (Gray). Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London, 120(3). 529–533. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  38. Landau I, Marteau M, Golvan Y, Chabaud AG, Boulard Y. 1975. Hétéroxénie chez les coccidies intestinales des poissons. Compte Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l’Académie des Sciences, Paris, Série D, 281, 1721–1723. [Google Scholar]
  39. Landau I, Michel JC, Chabaud AG, Brygoo E. 1972. Cycle biologique d’Hepatozoon domerguei; discussion sur les caractères fondamentaux d’un cycle de Coccidie. Zeitschrift für Parasitenkunde, 38, 250–270. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  40. Landau I, Paperna I. 1997. The assignment of Hepatozoon mauritanicum, a tick-transmitted parasite of tortoise, to the genus Hemolivia. Parasite, 4, 365–367. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  41. Laveran I, Nègre L. 1905. Sur un protozoaire parasite de Hyalomma aegyptium. Compte Rendu des Séances de la Société de Biologie, 57, 964–966. [Google Scholar]
  42. Mackerras MJ. 1960. The Haematozoa of Australian reptiles. Australian Journal of Zoology, 9, 61–122. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  43. Maia JP, Crottini A, Harris DJ. 2014. Microscopic and molecular characterization of Hepatozoon domerguei (Apicomplexa) and Foleyella furcata (Nematoda) in wild endemic reptiles from Madagascar. Parasite, 21, 47. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  44. Maia JP, Harris DJ, Carranza S, Gomez-Diaz E. 2014. A comparison of multiple methods for estimating parasitemia of hemogregarine hemoparasites (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) and its application for studying infection in natural populations. PLoS One, 9(4), e95010. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  45. Maia JP, Harris DJ, Perera A. 2011. Molecular survey of Hepatozoon species in lizards from North Africa. Journal of Parasitology, 97(3), 513–517. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  46. Maia JP, Perera A, Harris DJ. 2012. Molecular survey and microscopic examination of Hepatozoon Miller, 1908 (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) in lacertid lizards from the western Mediterranean. Folia Parasitologica, 59(4), 241–248. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  47. Mathew JS, Van Den Bussche RA, Ewing SA, Malayer JR, Latha BR, Panciera RJ. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships of Hepatozoon (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) based on molecular, morphologic, and life-cycle characters. Journal of Parasitology, 86(2), 366–372. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  48. Merino S, Martinez J, Masello JF, Bedolla Y, Quillfeldt P. 2014. First molecular characterization of a Hepatozoon species (Apicomplexa: Hepatozoidae) infecting birds and description of a new species infecting Storm Petrels (Aves: Hydrobatidae). Journal of Parasitology, 100, 338–343. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  49. Merino S, Vásquez RA, Martínez J, Celis-Diez JL, Gutiérrez-Jiménez L, Silvina I, Sánchez-Monsalvz I, Martínez-De La Puente J. 2009. Molecular characterization of an ancient Hepatozoon species parasitizing the “living fossil” marsupial “Monito del Monte” Dromiciops gliroides from Chile. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society, 98, 568–576. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  50. Michel JC. 1973. Hepatozoon mauritanicum (Sergent & Sergent, 1904) n. comb. parasite de Testudo graeca: redescription de la sporogonie chez Hyalomma aegyptium et de la schizogonie tissulaire d’après le matériel d’E. Brumpt. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 48, 11–21. [Google Scholar]
  51. Miller WW. 1908. Hepatozoon perniciosum (n. g., n. sp.), a haemogregarine pathogenic for white rats; with a brief description of the sexual cycle in the intermediate host, a mite (Laelaps echidninus Berlese). Bulletin of Hygienic Laboratory of Washington, 46, 1–51. [Google Scholar]
  52. Netherlands EC, Cook CA, Smit NJ. 2014. Hepatozoon species (Adeleorina: Hepatozoidae) of African bufonids, with morphological description and molecular diagnosis of Hepatozoon ixoxo sp. nov. parasitising three Amietophrynus species (Anura: Bufonidae). Parasites & Vectors, 7, 552. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  53. Neumann LG. 1907. Notes sur les Ixodidés. Archives de Parasitologie, 11, 215–232. [Google Scholar]
  54. O’Dwyer LH, Moco TC, Paduan Kdos S, Spenassatto C, da Silva RJ, Ribolla PE. 2013. Description of three new species of Hepatozoon (Apicomplexa, Hepatozoidae) from Rattlesnakes (Crotalus durissus terrificus) based on molecular, morphometric and morphologic characters. Experimental Parasitology, 135(2), 200–207. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  55. Oyamada M, Davoust B, Boni M, Dereure J, Bucheton B, Hammad A, Itamoto K, Okuda M, Inokuma H. 2005. Detection of Babesia canis rossi, B. canis vogeli, and Hepatozoon canis in dogs in a village of eastern Sudan by using a screening PCR and sequencing methodologies. Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology, 12(11), 1343–1346. [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  56. Pawar RM, Poornachandar A, Arun AS, Manikandan S, Shivaji S. 2011. Molecular prevalence and characterization of Hepatozoon ursi infection in Indian sloth bears (Melursus ursinus). Veterinary Parasitology, 182(2–4), 329–332. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  57. Pawar RM, Poornachandar A, Srinivas P, Rao KR, Lakshmikantan U, Shivaji S. 2012. Molecular characterization of Hepatozoon spp. infection in endangered Indian wild felids and canids. Veterinary Parasitology, 186(3–4), 475–479. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  58. Petit G, Landau I, Baccam D, Lainson R. 1990. Description et cycle biologique d’Hemolivia stellata n. g., n. sp., hémogrégarine de crapauds brésiliens. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 65, 3–15. [Google Scholar]
  59. Pinto CM, Helgen KM, Fleischer RC, Perkins SL. 2013. Hepatozoon parasites (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) in bats. Journal of Parasitology, 99(4), 722–724. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  60. Reichenow E. 1910. Haemogregarina stepanowi, die Entwicklungsgeschichte einer Haemogregarine. Archiv für Protistenkunde, 20, 251–350. [Google Scholar]
  61. Reichenow E. 1913. Karyolysus lacertae, eine wirtwechselndes Coccidium der Eidechse Lacerta muralis und der Milbe Liponyssus saurarrum. Arbeit von klinischen Gesundheit Berlin, 45, 317–363. [Google Scholar]
  62. Schmittner SM, McGhee RB. 1961. The intra-erythrocytic development of Babesiosoma stableri n. sp. in Rana pipiens pipiens. Journal of Protozoology, 8, 381–386. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  63. Scolpel KKG, Fontes CJF, Nunes AC, Horta M, Braga EM. 2004. Low sensitivity of nested PCR using Plasmodium DNA extracted from stained thick blood smears: an epidemiological retrospective study among subjects with low parasitaemia in an endemic area of the Brazilian Amazon region. Malaria Journal, 3, 8. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  64. Sergent E, Sergent E. 1904. Sur une hémogrégarine, parasite de Testudo mauritanica. Compte Rendu des Séances de la Société de Biologie, 56, 130–131. [Google Scholar]
  65. Siddall ME. 1995. Phylogeny of adeleid blood parasites with a partial systematic revision of the haemogregarine complex. Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology, 42(2), 116–125. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  66. Sloboda M, Kamler M, Bulantova J, Votypka J, Modry D. 2007. A new species of Hepatozoon (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina) from Python regius (Serpentes: Pythonidae) and its experimental transmission by a mosquito vector. Journal of Parasitology, 93(5), 1189–1198. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  67. Smallridge C, Paperna I. 1997. The tick-transmitted haemogregarinid of the Australian sleepy lizard Tiliqua rugosa belongs to the genus Hemolivia. Parasite, 4, 359–363. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [Google Scholar]
  68. Smith TG. 1996. The genus Hepatozoon (Apicomplexa: Adeleina). Journal of Parasitology, 82(4), 565–585. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  69. Smith TG, Desser SS. 1997. Phylogenetic analysis of the genus Hepatozoon Miller, 1908 (Apicomplexa: Adeleorina). Systematic Parasitology, 36, 213–221. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  70. Solangi MA, Overstreet RM. 1980. Biology and pathogenesis of the coccidium Eimeria funduli infecting killifishes. Journal of Parasitology, 66(3), 513–526. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  71. Telford SR. 2008. Hemoparasites of the Reptilia: Color Atlas and Text. CRC Press: Boca raton, FL. p. 376. [Google Scholar]
  72. Tome B, Maia JP, Harris DJ. 2012. Hepatozoon infection prevalence in four snake genera: influence of diet, prey parasitemia levels, or parasite type? Journal of Parasitology, 98(5), 913–917. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  73. Tome B, Maia JP, Harris DJ. 2013. Molecular assessment of apicomplexan parasites in the snake Psammophis from North Africa: do multiple parasite lineages reflect the final vertebrate host diet? Journal of Parasitology, 99(5), 883–887. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  74. Ujvari B, Madsen T, Olsson M. 2004. High prevalence of Hepatozoon spp. (Apicomplexa, Hepatozoidae) infection in water pythons (Liasis fuscus) from tropical Australia. Journal of Parasitology, 90(3), 670–672. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  75. Vilcins IM, Old JM, Deane E. 2009. Detection of a Hepatozoon and spotted fever group Rickettsia species in the common marsupial tick (Ixodes tasmani) collected from wild Tasmanian devils (Sarcophilus harrisii), Tasmania. Veterinary Parasitology, 162(1–2), 23–31. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  76. Vilcins IM, Ujvari B, Old JM, Deane E. 2009. Molecular and morphological description of a Hepatozoon species in reptiles and their ticks in the Northern Territory, Australia. Journal of Parasitology, 95(2), 434–442. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  77. Volpini AC, Marques MJ, Lopes dos Santos S, Machado-Coelho GL, Mayrink W, Romanha AJ. 2006. Leishmania identification by PCR of Giemsa-stained lesion imprint slides stored for up to 36 years. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 12(8), 815–818. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  78. Williams BM, Berentsen A, Shock BC, Teixiera M, Dunbar MR, Becker MS, Yabsley MJ. 2014. Prevalence and diversity of Babesia, Hepatozoon, Ehrlichia, and Bartonella in wild and domestic carnivores from Zambia, Africa. Parasitology Research, 113, 911–918). [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  79. Xiao FZ, Zhang SY, Xu LS, Huang JH, Xie HG, Ou YR. 2006. DNA amplification of Plasmodium vivax parasites from Giemsa-stained blood smears. Chinese Journal of Parasitology and Parasitic Diseases, 24(4), 290–292. [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.