Open Access
Research Article
Issue
Parasite
Volume 21, 2014
Article Number 39
Number of page(s) 11
DOI https://doi.org/10.1051/parasite/2014039
Published online 04 August 2014
  1. Boité MC, Mauricio IL, Miles MA, Cupolillo E. 2012. New insights on taxonomy, phylogeny and population genetics of Leishmania (Viannia) parasites based on multilocus sequence analysis. Plos Neglected Tropical Diseases, 6, 1–14. [Google Scholar]
  2. Braga RR, Lainson R, Ishikawa EAI, Shaw JJ. 2003. Leishmania (Viannia) utingensis sp. n., a parasite from the sandfly Lutzomyia (Viannamyia) tuberculata in Amazonian Brazil. Parasite, 10, 111–118. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  3. Brito ME, Andrade MS, Mendonca MG, Silva CJ, Almeida EL, Lima BS, Felix SM, Abath FG, da Graca GC, Porrozzi R, Ishikawa EA, Shaw JJ, Cupolillo E, Brandao-Filho SP. 2009. Species diversity of Leishmania (Viannia) parasites circulating in an endemic area for cutaneous leishmaniasis located in the Atlantic rainforest region of northeastern Brazil. Tropical Medicine International Health, 14, 1278–1286. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  4. Campos MB, Gomes CMC, Souza AAA, Lainson R, Corbett CEP, Silveira FT. 2008. In vitro infectivity of species of Leishmania (Viannia) responsible for American cutaneous leishmaniasis. Parasitology Research, 103, 771–776. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  5. Chouicha N, Lanote G, Pratlong F, Cuba-Cuba CA, Velez ID, Dedet JP. 1997. Phylogenetic taxonomy of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis based on isoenzymatic study of 137 isolates. Parasitology, 115, 343–348. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  6. Cupolillo E, Grimaldi G Jr, Momen H. 1993. Discriminatory ability of typing systems in Leishmania. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 87, 116–117. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  7. Cupolillo E, Grimaldi G Jr, Momen H. 1994. A general classification of New World Leishmania using numerical zymotaxonomy. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 50, 296–311. [Google Scholar]
  8. Cupolillo E, Grimaldi G Jr, Momem H. 1995. Discrimination of Leishmania isolates using a limited set of enzymatic loci. Annals of Tropical Medicine & Parasitology, 89, 17–23. [Google Scholar]
  9. da Silva ACT, Cupolillo E, Volpini AC, Almeida R, Romero GAS. 2006. Species diversity causing humann cutaneous leishmaniasis in Rio Branco, State of Acre, Brazil. Tropical Medicine and International Health, 11, 1388–1398. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  10. de Brito MEF, Brandão SP, Salles NR, Cupolillo E, Grimaldi G Jr, Momen H. 1993. Human cutaneous leishmaniasis due to a new enzymatic variant of Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis occurring in Pernambuco, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 88, 633–634. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  11. Desjeux P, Dedet JP. 1989. Isoenzyme characterization of 112 Leishmania isolates from French Guiana. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 83, 610–612. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  12. Grimaldi G Jr, David JR, McMahon-Pratt D. 1987. Identification and distribuition of new world Leishmania species characterized by serodeme analysis using monoclonal antibodies. Annals of Journal Tropical Medicine Hygiene, 36, 270–287. [Google Scholar]
  13. Grimaldi G Jr, Momen H, Naiff RD, McMahon-Pratt D, Barret TV. 1991. Characterization and classification of leishmanial parasites from humans, wild mammals, and sandflies in the amazon region of Brazil. American Journal of Tropical Medicine Hygiene, 44, 645–661. [Google Scholar]
  14. Haffer J. 2008. Hypotheses to explain the origin of species in Amazonia. Brazilian Journal of Biology, 68, 917–947. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  15. Hanham CA, Zhao F, Shaw JJ, Lainson R. 1991. Monoclonal antibodies for the identification of New World Leishmania. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 85, 220. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  16. Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística – IBGE. 1991. Divisão do Brasil em Mesorregiões e Microrregiões geográficas, Belém, V2. T1- Região Norte. [Google Scholar]
  17. Ishikawa EAY, Ikuta YM, Silveira FT, Shaw JJ. 1999. XXXV Congresso da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 24, Guarapari, ES. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 32 (suplemento I), 24. [Google Scholar]
  18. Ishikawa EAI, Silveira FT, Magalhães AL, Guerra RB Jr, Melo MN, Gomes R, Silveira TG, Shaw JJ. 2002. Variation in population of Leishmania species in Brazil. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 96, 111–121. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  19. Kreutzer RD, Souraty N, Semko ME. 1987. Biochemical identities and differences among Leishmania species and subspecies. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 36, 22–32. [Google Scholar]
  20. Lainson R. 1997. Leishmania e leishmaniose, com particular referência à região Amazônica do Brasil. Revista Paraense de Medicina, 11, 29–40. [Google Scholar]
  21. Lainson R. 2010. The Neotropical Leishmania species: a brief historical review of their discovery, ecology and taxonomy. Revista Pan-Amazônica em Saúde, 1, 13–38. [Google Scholar]
  22. Lainson R, Shaw JJ. 1987. Evaluation, classification and geographical distribution, in: The Leishmaniases in Biology and Medicine. Peters W, Killick-Kendrick, Editors. Academic Press: London. p. 1–120. [Google Scholar]
  23. Lainson R, Shaw JJ. 1989. Leishmania (V.) naiffi sp. n., a parasite of the armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus (L.) in Amazonian Brazil. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 64, 3–9. [Google Scholar]
  24. Lainson R, Shaw JJ. 2005. Leishmaniasis in the New World, in Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10th edn., Vol. 5, Collier L, Balows A, Sussman M, Editors. Parasitology, Arnold: London. p. 313–349. [Google Scholar]
  25. Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Ready PD, Miles MA, Póvoa MM. 1981. Leishmaniasis in Brazil: XVI. Isolation and identification of Leishmania species from sandflies, wild mammals and man in North Pará State, with particular reference to L. braziliensis guyanensis causative agent of “pian-bois”. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 75, 530–536. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  26. Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Miles MA, Póvoa MM. 1982. Leishmaniasis in Brazil: XVII. Enzymic characterization of a Leishmania from the armadilho, Dasypus novemcinctus (Edentata), from Pará State. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 76, 810–811. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  27. Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Silveira FT, de Souza AAA, Braga RR, Ishikawa EAI. 1994. The dermal leishmaniasis of Brazil, with special reference to the eco-epidemiology of the disease in Amazonian Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 89, 435–443. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  28. Lainson R, Braga RR, de Souza AAA, Póvoa MM, Ishikawa EA, Silveira FT. 1989. Leishmania (Viannia) shawi sp. n., a parasite of monkeys, sloths and procyonids in Amazonian Brazil. Annales de Parasitologie Humaine et Comparée, 64, 200–207. [Google Scholar]
  29. Martinez E, Le Pont F, Torrez M, Telleria J, Vargas F, Dujardin JC, Dujardin JP. 1999. Lutzomyia nuneztovari anglesi (Le Pont & Desjeux, 1984) as a vector of Leishmania amazonensis in a sub-Andean leishmaniasis focus of Bolivia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 61, 846–849. [Google Scholar]
  30. Miles MA, Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Póvoa MM, de Souza AAA. 1981. Leishmaniasis in Brazil: XV. Biochemical distinction of Leishmania mexicana amazonensis, Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis and Leishmania braziliensis guyanensis- aetiological agents of cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Amazon Basin of Brazil. Transations of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 75, 524–529. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  31. Miles MA, Póvoa MM, de Souza AAA, Lainson R, Shaw JJ. 1979. Some methods for the enzymic characterization of Latin-American Leishmania, with particular reference to Leishmania mexicana amazonensis and subspecies of Leishmania hertigi. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 74, 243–252. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  32. McMahon Pratt D, Bennet E, David JR. 1982. Monoclonal antibodies that distinguish subspecies of Leishmania braziliensis. Journal of Immunology, 129, 926–927. [Google Scholar]
  33. McMahon Pratt D, Jaffe CL, Bennet E, David JR, Grimald G. 1986. Studies employing monoclonal antibodies for analysis of the genus Leishmania Ross, 1903, in Leishmania: Taxonomie et Phylogenèse. Applications Éco-épidémiologiques. IMEEE, Colloque Int CNRS/INSERME/OMS: Montpellier, France. p. 179–183. [Google Scholar]
  34. Mosmann R, Falkenkenhain F, Gonzales A, Nepomuceno FF. 1986. Oil and gas potential of the Amazon Paleozoic basins, in: Halbouty MT, Editor. Future petroleum provinces of the world. Memoir 40: American Association Petrology Geology. p. 207–241. [Google Scholar]
  35. Peraza J, Urbina A, Zeledon R. 1998. Characterization of Leishmania isolates obtained from Costa Rican patients. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 93, 283–287. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  36. Revollo S, Dimier-David L, David C, Lyevre P, Camacho C, Dedet JP. 1992. Isoenzyme characterization of Leishmania braziliensis braziliensis isolates obtained from bolivian and peruvian patients. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 86, 388–391. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  37. Romero GAS, Ishikawa E, Cupolillo E, Toaldo CB, Guerra MVF, Paes MG, Macêdo VO, Shaw JJ. 2002. Identification of antigenically distinct populations of Leishmania (Viannia) guyanensis from Manaus, Brazil, using monoclonal antibodies. Acta Tropica, 82, 25–29. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  38. Sales SCD, Barbosa CP, Müller SFR, Everdosa DR, Luz JBP, Brandão JA, Barbosa RNP, Martins AFP, Ishikawa EAY, Silveira FT. 2011. Presente situação da leishmaniose cutânea na região metropolitana de Belém, Estado do Pará, Brasil, e municípios adjacentes, com ênfase aos aspectos clínicos e epidemiológicos da doença, in: XLVII Congresso da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, Natal-RN. [Google Scholar]
  39. Saravia NG, Weigle K, Navas C, Segura I, Valderrama L, Valencia AZ, Escorcia B, McMahon-Pratt D. 2002. Heterogeneity, geographic distribution, and pathogenicity of serodemes of Leishmania Viannia in Colombia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 66, 738–744. [Google Scholar]
  40. Shaw JJ, Lainson R, McMahon-Pratt D, David JR. 1986. Serodemes of the Leishmania braziliensis complex. in: Leishmania: Taxonomie et Phylogenèse. Applications éco-épidémiologiques. IMEEE, Colloque Int CNRS/INSERME/OMS, : Montpellier, France. pp. 179–183. [Google Scholar]
  41. Shaw JJ, Ishikawa EAY, Lainson R. 1989. A rapid and sensitive method for the identification of Leishmania with monoclonal antibodies using fluorescein-labelled avidin. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 83, 783–784. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  42. Silveira FT, Shaw JJ, Braga RR, Ishikawa EA. 1987. Dermal leishmaniasis in the Amazon Region of Brazil Leishmania (V.) lainsoni sp. n., a new parasite from the state of Pará. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 82, 289–292. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  43. Silveira FT, Lainson R, Shaw JJ, de Souza AAA, Ishikawa EAY, Braga RR. 1991. Cutaneous Leishmaniasis due to Leishmania (L.) amazonensis in Amazonian Brazil, and significance of a negative Montenegro skin-test in human infections. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 85, 735–738. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  44. Silveira FT, Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Braga RR, Ishikawa EAY, de Souza AAA. 1991. Leishmaniose cutânea na Amazônia: isolamento de Leishmania (V.) lainsoni no roedor Agouti paca (Rodentia: Dasyproctidae), no Estado do Pará, Brasil. Revista Instituto de Medicina Tropical de São Paulo, 33, 18–22. [Google Scholar]
  45. Silveira FT, de Souza AAA, Lainson R, Shaw JJ, Braga RR, Ishikawa EAY. 1991. Cutaneous leishmaniasis in the Amazon region: natural infection of the sandfly Lutzomyia ubiquitalis (Psychodidae: Phlebotominae) by Leishmania (Viannia) lainsoni in Pará State, Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 86, 127–130. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  46. Silveira FT, Ishikawa EAI, de Souza AAA, Lainson R. 2002. An outbreak of cutaneous leishmaniasis among soldiers in Belém, Pará State, Brazil caused by Leishmania (Viannia) lindenbergi n. sp., a new leishmanial parasite of man in the Amazon region. Parasite, 9, 43–50. [CrossRef] [EDP Sciences] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  47. Silveira FT, Lainson R, Corbett CEP. 2004. Clinical and immunopathological spectrum of American cutaneous leishmaniasis with special reference to the disease in Amazonian Brazil. Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, 99, 239–251. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  48. Silveira FT, Lainson R, Corbett CEP. 2010. Leishmaniose tegumentar Americana, in Tratado de Dermatologia, Vol. 1. Belda W, Di Chiacchio N, Criado PR, Editors. Atheneu: São Paulo, Brasil. p. 1423–1455. [Google Scholar]
  49. Silveira FT, Lainson R, Muller SFR, De Souza AAA, Corbett CEP. 2013. Leishmaniose tegumentar Americana. in: Leão RNG, Editor. Medicina Tropical e Infectologia na Amazônia, Vol. 2, Ed. Samauma, 2nd ed. Instituto Evandro Chagas: Belém, Pará, Brasil, pp. 1203–1244. [Google Scholar]
  50. Sodré RNS, Ishikawa EAY, Pires RNB, Silveira FT. 2002. XXXVIII Congresso da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, Foz do Iguaçu. Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, 35 (suplemento I), 24–28. [Google Scholar]
  51. Souza AAA, Ishikawa EAY, Braga RR, Silveira FT, Lainson R, Shaw JJ. 1996. Psychodopygus complexus, a new vector of Leishmania braziliensis to humans in Pará State, Brazil. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 90, 112–113. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  52. Souza AAA, Silveira FT, Pinheiro MSB, da Silva FMM, Vasconcelos SL, Campos MB, Ishikawa EAI. 2009. Fauna flebotomínica da Serra dos Carajás, Estado do Pará, Brasil, e sua possível implicação na transmissão da leishmaniose tegumentar americana. Revista Pan-Amazônica em Saúde, 1, 45–51. [Google Scholar]
  53. Thomas-Soccol V, Velez ID, Pratlong F, Agudelos S, Lanote G, Rioux JA. 2000. Enzymatic polymorphism and phylogenetic relationships in Leishmania Ross, 1903 (Sarcomastigophora: Kinetoplastida): a case study in Colombia. Systematic Parasitology, 46, 59–68. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  54. Walton BC, Shaw JJ, Lainson R. 1977. Observations on the in vitro cultivation of Leishmania braziliensis. Journal of Parasitology, 63, 1118–1119. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.