Open Access
Volume 21, 2014
Article Number 4
Number of page(s) 9
Published online 14 February 2014
  1. Altizer S, Nunn CL, Thrall PH, Gittleman JL, Antonovics J, Cunningham AA, Dobson AP, Ezenwa V, Jones KE, Pedersen AB, Poss M, Pulliam JRC. 2003. Social organization and parasite risk in mammals: integrating theory and empirical studies. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics, 34, 517–547. [Google Scholar]
  2. Anonymous. 1996. Digital Data Set of Illinois, CD-ROM, vol. 1, Illinois Department of Natural Resources: Springfield, Illinois. [Google Scholar]
  3. Anonymous. 2013. Ecoregions of North America. Environmental Protection Agency 2013, 09/16/2013 [cited 2013 December 20, 2013]. Available from: – Downloads [Google Scholar]
  4. Anonymous. 2013. Neglected Parasitic Infections in the United States. Parasites [cited 2013 December 18, 2013; November 22, 2013]. Available from: [Google Scholar]
  5. Bevins SN, Carver S, Boydston EE, Lyren LM, Alldredge M, Logan KA, Riley SP, Fisher RN, Vickers TW, Boyce W, Salman M, Lappin MR, Crooks KR, VandeWoude S. 2012. Three pathogens in sympatric populations of pumas, bobcats, and domestic cats: implications for infectious disease transmission. Plos One, 7(2), e31403. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  6. Bordes F, Morand S, Kelt DA, Van Vuren DH. 2009. Home range and parasite diversity in mammals. American Naturalist, 173(4), 467–474. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  7. Brown EL, Roellig DM, Gompper ME, Monello RJ, Wenning KM, Gabriel MW, Yabsley MJ. 2010. Seroprevalence of Trypanosoma cruzi among eleven potential reservoir species from six states across the southern United States. Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases, 10(8), 757–763. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  8. Brunner JL, Schock DM, Davidson EW, Collins JP. 2004. Intraspecific reservoirs: complex life history and the persistence of a lethal ranavirus. Ecology, 85(2), 560–566. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  9. Bush AO, Lafferty KD, Lotz JM, Shostak AW. 1997. Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology, 83(4), 575–583. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  10. Carver S, Scorza AV, Bevins SN, Riley SP, Crooks KR, Vandewoude S, Lappin MR. 2012. Zoonotic parasites of bobcats around human landscapes. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 50(9), 3080–3083. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  11. Chandler AC. 1954. New strigeids from Minnesota birds and mammals. American Midland Naturalist, 52, 133–141. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  12. Cohen JE. 2003. Human population: the next half century. Science, 302(5648), 1172–1175. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  13. Colwell RK. 2013. EstimateS: Statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Available from: [Google Scholar]
  14. Cromley EK. 2003. GIS and disease. Annual Review of Public Health, 24, 7–24. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  15. Crowe DM. 1972. The presence of annuli in bobcat tooth cementum layers. Journal of Wildlife Management, 36, 1330–1332. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  16. Eberhard ML, Alfano E. 1998. Adult Toxocara cati infections in U.S. children: report of four cases. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 59(3), 404–406. [Google Scholar]
  17. Erickson AB. 1944. Helminths of Minnesota Canidae in relation to food habits, and a host list and key to the species reported in North America. American Midland Naturalist, 32, 358–372. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  18. Fisher M. 2003. Toxocara cati: an underestimated zoonotic agent. Trends in Parasitology, 19(4), 167–170. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  19. Futuyma DJ, Moreno G. 1988. The evolution of ecological specialization. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 19, 207–233. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  20. Gardner SL. 1996. Essential techniques for collection of parasites during surveys of mammals, in Measuring and monitoring biological diversity. Standard methods for mammals, Wilson D, Cole R, Nichols JD, Rudran R, Foster M, Eds. Smithsonian Institution Press: Washington DC. p. 291–298. [Google Scholar]
  21. Gerhold RW, Jessup DA. 2013. Zoonotic diseases associated with free-roaming cats. Zoonoses and Public Health, 60(3), 189–195. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  22. Gholami I, Daryani A, Sharif M, Amouei A, Mobedi I. 2011. Seroepidemiological survey of helminthic parasites of stray dogs in Sari City, northern Iran. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 14(2), 133–137. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  23. Hansen K. 2006. Bobcat: Master of Survival. Oxford University Press: New York, NY. [Google Scholar]
  24. Harrison RL. 1998. Bobcats in residential areas: distribution and homeowner attitudes. Southwestern Naturalist, 43(4), 469–475. [Google Scholar]
  25. Haukisalmi V, Henttonen H, Tenora F. 1987. Parasitism by helminths in the gray-sided vole (Clethrionomys rufocanus) in northern Finland – influence of density, habitat and sex of the host. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 23(2), 233–241. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  26. Heidt GA, Rucker RA, Kennedy ML, Baeyens ME. 1988. Hematology, intestinal parasites, and selected disease antibodies from a population of bobcats (Felis rufus) in Central Arkansas. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 24(1), 180–183. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  27. Hénaux V, Powell LA, Hobson KA, Nielsen CK, LaRue MA. 2011. Tracking large carnivore dispersal using isotopic clues in claws: an application to cougars across the Great Plains. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 2(5), 489–499. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  28. Hoberg EP. 2002. Taenia tapeworms: their biology, evolution and socioeconomic significance. Microbes and Infection, 4(8), 859–866. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  29. Holmes JC, Podesta R. 1968. The helminths of wolves and coyotes from the forested regions of Alberta. Canadian Journal of Zoology-Revue Canadienne De Zoologie, 46(6), 1193–1204. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  30. Kisielewska K. 1970. Ecological organization of helminth groupings in Clethrionomys glareolus (Schreb.) (Rodentia). Structure and seasonal dynamics of helminth groupings in a host population in the Bialowieza National Park. Acta Parasitologica Polonica, 18, 121–147. [Google Scholar]
  31. Krasnov BR, Poulin R, Shenbrot GI, Mouillot D, Khokhlova IS. 2005. Host specificity and geographic range in haematophagous ectoparasites. Oikos, 108(3), 449–456. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  32. LaRue MA, Nielsen CK. 2008. Modelling potential dispersal corridors for cougars in midwestern North America using least-cost path methods. Ecological Modelling, 212(3–4), 372–381. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  33. LaRue MA, Nielsen CK. 2011. Modelling potential habitat for cougars in midwestern North America. Ecological Modelling, 222(3), 897–900. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  34. LaRue MA, Nielsen CK, Dowling M, Miller K, Wilson B, Shaw H, Anderson CR. 2012. Cougars are recolonizing the midwest: analysis of cougar confirmations during 1990–2008. Journal of Wildlife Management, 76(7), 1364–1369. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  35. Litvaitis JA, Stevens CL, Mautz WW. 1984. Age, sex, and weight of bobcats in relation to winter Diet. Journal of Wildlife Management, 48(2), 632–635. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  36. Loos-Frank B. 2000. An up-date of Verster’s (1969) “Taxonomic revision of the genus Taenia Linnaeus” (Cestoda) in table format. Systematic Parasitology, 45(1), 155–183. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  37. Loss SR, Will T, Marra PP. 2013. The impact of free-ranging domestic cats on wildlife of the United States. Nature Communications, 4, 1396. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  38. Luman DM, Joselyn M, Suloway L. 1996. Critical trends assessment project: landcover database, in Illinois Natural History Survey, Illinois Natural History Survey C, Illinois, Ed. Illinois Natural History Survey: Champaign, Illinois. [Google Scholar]
  39. Miller GC, Harkema R. 1968. Helminths of some wild mammals in the southeastern United States. Proceedings of the Helminthological Society of Washington, 35(2), 118–125. [Google Scholar]
  40. Neely RD, Heister CG. 1987. The natural resources of Illinois: introductions and guide, in State of Illinois, Illinois Natural History Survey. Doea NR, Ed. Illinois Natural History Survey: Champaign, Illinois. p. 224. [Google Scholar]
  41. Nielsen CK, Woolf A. 2001. Spatial organization of bobcats (Lynx rufus) in southern Illinois. American Midland Naturalist, 146(1), 43–52. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  42. Nielsen CK, Woolf A. 2002. Habitat-relative abundance relationship for bobcats in southern Illinois. Wildlife Society Bulletin, 30(1), 222–230. [Google Scholar]
  43. Nielsen CK, Woolf A. 2002. Survival of unexploited bobcats in southern Illinois. Journal of Wildlife Management, 66(3), 833–838. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  44. Otranto D, Eberhard ML. 2011. Zoonotic helminths affecting the human eye. Parasites & Vectors, 4, 41. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  45. Pence DB. 1990. Helminth community of mammalian hosts: concepts at the infracommunity, component community and compound community levels, in Parasite Communities: Patterns and Processes. Esch GW, Busch AO, Aho JM, Eds. Chapman and Hall: New York, NY, p. 233–260. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  46. Pence DB, Eason S. 1980. Comparison of the helminth faunas of two sympatric top carnivores from the rolling plains of Texas. Journal of Parasitology, 66(1), 115–120. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  47. Poulin R. 2003. The decay of similarity with geographical distance in parasite communities of vertebrate hosts. Journal of Biogeography, 30(10), 1609–1615. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  48. Poulin R, Morand S. 1999. Geographical distances and the similarity among parasite communities of conspecific host populations. Parasitology, 119, 369–374. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  49. Progulske DR. 1952. The Bobcat and Its Relations to Prey Species in Virginia. Virginia Polytechnich Institute: Virginia, USA. [Google Scholar]
  50. Reichard MV, Caudell DL, Kocan AA. 2004. Survey of helminth lung parasites of bobcats (Lynx rufus) from Alabama, Kansas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, and Virginia, USA. Comparative Parasitology, 71(1), 88–90. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  51. Riley SPD, Foley J, Chomel B. 2004. Exposure to feline and canine pathogens in bobcats and gray foxes in urban and rural zones of a National Park in California. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 40(1), 11–22. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  52. Riser NW. 1956. The hooks of Taenoid cestodes from North American felids. American Midland Naturalist, 56, 133–137. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  53. Roberts NM, Crimmins SM. 2010. Bobcat population status and management in North America: evidence of large-scale population increase. Journal of Fish and Wildlife Management, 1(2), 169–174. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  54. Robertson ID, Irwin PJ, Lymbery AJ, Thompson RCA. 2000. The role of companion animals in the emergence of parasitic zoonoses. International Journal for Parasitology, 30(12–13), 1369–1377. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  55. Rollings CT. 1945. Habitats, food and parasites of the bobcat in Minnesota. Journal of Wildlife Management, 9, 131–145. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  56. Saeed I, Maddox-Hyttel C, Monrad J, Kapel CMO. 2006. Helminths of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in Denmark. Veterinary Parasitology, 139(1–3), 168–179. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  57. Salinas-López N, Jiménez-Guzmán F, Cruz-Reyes A. 1996. Presence of Echinococcus oligarthus (Diesing, 1863) Lühe, 1910 in Lynx rufus texensis Allen, 1895 from San Fernando, Tamaulipas State, in north-east Mexico. International Journal for Parasitology, 26(7), 793–796. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  58. Sarmiento L, Stough BD. 1956. Troglostrongylus wilsoni (Stough, 1953) n. comb. (Nematoda: Metastrongylidae) from the lungs of the bobcat, Lynx rufus rufus. Journal of Parasitology, 42(1), 45–48. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  59. SAS Institute Inc. 2009. The data analysis for this paper was generated using SAS software. Copyright, SAS Institute Inc. [Google Scholar]
  60. Schalk G, Forbes MR. 1997. Male biases in parasitism of mammals: effects of study type, host age, and parasite taxon. Oikos, 78(1), 67–74. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  61. Schitoskey EC. 1981. Helminths of South Dakota bobcats. Proceedings from South Dakota Academy of Science, 60, 135–141. [Google Scholar]
  62. Schwegman JE. 1972. Comprehensive plan for the Illinois Nature Preserves System, Part II, the natural divisions of Illinois in Illinois Nature Preserves Commission, Conservation INPCIFACIASIDo, Ed. Illinois Nature Preserves Commission: Rockford, Illinois, p. 32. [Google Scholar]
  63. Shabbir MZ, Rabbani M, Yaqub T, Ahmad A, Zia-ur-Rehman, Umair S. 2010. Comparative clinical epidemiology of toxocariosis in dogs and cats. Pakistan Journal of Zoology, 42(2), 129–133. [Google Scholar]
  64. Shock BC, Murphy SM, Patton LL, Shock PM, Olfenbuttel C, Beringer J, Prange S, Grove DM, Peek M, Butfiloski JW, Hughes DW, Lockhart JM, Bevins SN, VandeWoude S, Crooks KR, Nettles VF, Brown HM, Peterson DS, Yabsley MJ. 2011. Distribution and prevalence of Cytauxzoon felis in bobcats (Lynx rufus), the natural reservoir, and other wild felids in thirteen states. Veterinary Parasitology, 175(3–4), 325–330. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  65. Smith KE, Fischer JR, Dubey JP. 1995. Toxoplasmosis in a Bobcat (Felis rufus). Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 31(4), 555–557. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  66. Sokal RR, Rohlf FJ. 1995. Biometry: The Principles and Practice of Statistics in Biological Research, 3rd edn. W. H. Freeman: New York, NY, p. 887. [Google Scholar]
  67. Stone JE, Pence DB. 1978. Ecology of helminth parasitism in bobcat from west Texas. Journal of Parasitology, 64(2), 295–302. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  68. Tiekotter KL. 1981. A rapid technique for identification of Taenoid cestodes using unstained scolices. Transactions of the Nebraska Academy of Sciences and Affiliated Societies, 9, 55–56. [Google Scholar]
  69. Tiekotter KL. 1985. Helminth species diversity and biology in the bobcat, Lynx rufus (Schreber), from Nebraska. Journal of Parasitology, 71(2), 227–234. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  70. Toweill DE, Anthony RG. 1988. Annual diet of bobcats in Oregon’s cascade range. Northwest Science, 62(3), 99–103. [Google Scholar]
  71. Tucker SA, Clark WR, Gosselink TE. 2008. Space use and habitat selection by bobcats in the fragmented landscape of south-central Iowa. Journal of Wildlife Management, 72(5), 1114–1124. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]
  72. van Keulen H, Macechko PT, Wade S, Schaaf S, Wallis PM, Erlandsen SL. 2002. Presence of human Giardia in domestic, farm and wild animals, and environmental samples suggests a zoonotic potential for giardiasis. Veterinary Parasitology, 108(2), 97–107. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  73. Watson TG, Nettles VF, Davidson WR. 1981. Endoparasites and selected infectious agents in bobcats (Felis rufus) from West Virginia and Georgia. Journal of Wildlife Diseases, 17(4), 547–554. [CrossRef] [PubMed] [Google Scholar]
  74. Woolf A, Nielsen CK, Weber T, Gibbs-Kieninger TJ. 2002. Statewide modeling of bobcat, Lynx rufus, habitat in Illinois, USA. Biological Conservation, 104(2), 191–198. [CrossRef] [Google Scholar]

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.