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Table 4

List of polystome species retrieved from GenBank and investigated by phylogenetic analysis with references to their COI and 28S haplotypes, 28S GenBank accession numbers, and bibliographic sources.

Parasite species Host species Site COI haplotype Source 28S haplotype 28S G.B.A. no.
Polystomoides asiaticus Cuora amboinensis Oral cav. H7 [45] Hnuc12 (H7) FM992703
Uteropolystomoides nelsoni Pseudemys nelsoni Oral cav. H43 [45] Hnuc20 (H43) KR856156
Polystomoides ocellatum Emys orbicularis Oral cav. H67, H89 [12] Hnuc1 (H89) OP795805
Polystomoides oris* Chrysemys picta Oral cav. H11, H12, H14, H15, H33, H34 [12, 45] Hnuc6 (H11, H12, H14, H33 FM992705
E. orbicularis Oral cav. H63, H97 to H99, H115 H34, H63, H97 to H99, H115)
Mauremys leprosa Oral cav.
Polystomoides rohdei** Trachemys dorbigni Oral cav. H52 [12, 28, 45] Hnuc19 (H52) OP795806
Polystomoides scriptanus T. scripta Oral cav. H35, H50, H51, H107, H118 [12, 13] Hnuc21 (H35, H51, H107)
Polystomoides soredensis T. scripta Oral cav. H16, H47, H49, H64, H77 [12] Hnuc7 (H16, H49) KR856154
Polystomoides tunisiensis M. leprosa Oral cav. H25 to H30, H59, H65, H69 [12, 28, 45] Hnuc5 (H25, H26, H59, H65 KR856155
H78, H82, H85, H105, H106 H69, H78, H82, H85, H105, H106)
Polystomoides sp1 E. orbicularis Oral cav. H66, H68, H95 [12] Hnuc3 (H66, H68, H95) OP795807
Neopolystoma sp. Apalone spinifera Oral cav. H1, H2 [45] Hnuc18 (H1, H2) KR856149
Fornixtrema palpebrae Pelodiscus sinensis Conj. sacs H41 [45] Hnuc27 (H41) AF38205
Polystomoidella whartoni Kinosternon baurii Urin. bladder H23 [45] Hnuc38 MW029411
Uropolystomoides malayi C. amboinensis Urin. bladder H8 [45] Hnuc32 (H8) FM992704

Abbreviations used. Oral cav. = Oral cavity; Conj. sacs = Conjunctival sacs; Urin. bladder = Urinary bladder. G.B.A. no. = GenBank Accession number.


Polystomoides oris was sampled from Chrysemys picta in the wild and from E. orbicularis and M. leprosa in turtle enclosures of private farms.


Polystomoides rohdei was mistakenly considered P. coronatum in Verneau et al. [45], Meyer et al. [28] and Héritier et al. [12].

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