Open Access
Research Article

Table 2

Pooled prevalence of Eimeria in cattle in mainland China.

No. studies No. tested No. positive % (95% CI*) Heterogeneity
Univariate meta-regression
χ2 p-value I2 (%) p-value Coefficient (95% CI)*
Region* 0.118 −0.135 (−0.307 to 0.036)
Central China 8 3495 1164 41.1% (30.7–51.4) 293.04 0.000 97.6%
Eastern China 7 3585 1516 45.2% (20.0–70.5) 2247.00 0.000 99.7%
Northern China 6 7096 2520 28.6% (9.6–47.6) 1986.08 0.000 99.7%
Northwestern China 16 5497 2112 44.2% (37.9–50.5) 336.36 0.000 95.5%
Southern China 4 4620 1214 45.5% (28.2–62.9) 385.91 0.000 99.2%
Southwestern China 8 2136 1022 32.7% (17.2–48.2) 308.60 0.000 97.7%
Detection methds 0.102 0.106 (−0.022 to 0.233)
Saturated saline water precipitation 4 1879 662 34.7% (22.8–46.6) 92.93 0.000 96.8%
Saturated saline water floating 19 11,955 5006 47.7% (35.6–59.8) 4874.66 0.000 99.6%
Saturated sucrose floating 5 3680 1403 40.3% (28.5–52.1) 228.82 0.000 98.3%
Comprehensive approach 13 7492 1948 37.5% (29.4–45.6) 721.09 0.000 98.3%
Others 5 1337 520 33.7% (24.1–43.2) 48.38 0.000 91.7%
Sampling years 0.015 0.233 (0.049 to 0.417)
Before 2000 5 1875 1130 57.9% (39.4–76.4) 239.45 0.000 98.3%
2000–2015 21 15,956 5707 37.2% (28.6–45.9) 3431.15 0.000 99.4%
After 2015 6 4509 1152 25.0% (15.1–34.8) 288.45 0.000 98.3%
Cattle ages* 0.003 −0.153 (−0.253 to −0.053)
Calves before weaning 6 1024 284 28.9% (22.4–35.4) 24.77 0.000 79.8%
Calves after weaning 11 3235 1383 39.9% (34.0–45.7) 233.51 0.000 90.2%
Growing cattle 14 2490 1008 38.9% (23.6–54.1) 1286.59 0.000 98.9%
Finishing cattle 19 4735 1475 22.7% (14.1–31.2) 1360.35 0.000 98.5%
Species of cattle
Buffalo 6 1907 913 57.4% (37.7–77.0) 351.65 0.000 98.6% 0.052 0.168 (−0.001 to 0.337)
Dairy cow 25 17,011 6154 38.5% (30.9–46.1) 3060.64 0.000 99.2%
Others 3 919 371 43.6% (26.0–61.1) 55.56 0.000 96.4%
Scalper 2 995 617 42.5% (−0.9 to 85.8) 56.82 0.000 98.2%
Yak 7 2543 1081 45.3% (34.8–55.8) 178.88 0.000 96.6%
Feeding model 0.115 0. 193 (−0.054 to 0.441)
Extensive 5 776 388 53.9% (40.9–67.0) 46.48 0.000 91.4%
Intensive 10 5691 1540 35.2% (22.4–48.0) 1796.63 0.000 99.5%
Season* 0.501 0.108 (−0.240 to 0.456)
Autumn and winter 4 570 267 44.3% (13.4–75.3) 237.14 0.000 98.7%
Spring and summer 7 3081 841 32.9% (22.9–42.9) 234.26 0.000 97.4%
Quality level* 0.228 0.087 (−0.056 to 0.229)
Middle 10 2692 911 47.0% (30.8–63.1) 2828.64 0.000 99.1%
High 34 23,137 8431 38.2% (31.2–45.1) 2771.60 0.000 909.3%
Low 2 600 206 40.0% (21.7–58.4) 12.07 0.000 91.7%
Total 46 26,264 9502 40.0% (34.0–46.0) 6087.31 0.000 99.3%

CI*: Confidence interval.

Region*: Central China: Henan; Eastern China: Zhejiang, Shandong, Shanghai, Anhu, Hunan Northern China: Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Beijing, Hebei; Northeastern China: Qinghai, Shaanxi, Xinjiang, Gansu; Southern China: Guangdong, Guangxi; Southwestern China: Sichuan, Guizhou, Yunnan.

Season*: Spring and summer: March through August. Autumn and winter: September through February.

Cattle ages*: Calves before weaning (0 months old to 2 months old), Calves after weaning (2 months old to 12 months old), Growing cattle (12 months old to 24 months old), Finishing cattle (>24 months old).

Quality level *: Low: 0 or 1 points; Middle: 2 or 3 points; High: 4 or 5 points.

Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.

Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.

Initial download of the metrics may take a while.