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Table 3

Taeniid biodiversity detected in different wolf populations living in the Apennines and Southern Alps in Italy and in other European countries. For each Taeniidae, the frequency or prevalence detected are reported if provided in the respective literature sources.

Taeniid species Area Reference
Taenia hydatigena (47%)* Apennine chain Guberti et al. [23]
Taenia multiceps (9%)*
Taenia pisiformis (7%)*
Taenia ovis (3%)*
Echinococcus granulosus s.l. (17%)*
Taenia hydatigena (40.7%)** Northern Apennines–Southern Alps (Liguria) Gori et al. [22]
Taenia ovis (2.2%)**
Taenia krabbei (4.5%)**
Taenia crassiceps (0.6%)**
Hydatigera taeniaeformis (0.6%)**
Echinococcus granulosus s.l. (5.6%)**
Taenia ovis Modena Apennines Fiocchi et al. [18]
Taenia hydatigena
Taenia hydatigena (40.7%)* Foreste Casentinesi National Park, Northern Italian Apennines Poglayen et al. [49]
Taenia krabbei (22.2%)*
Taenia polyachantha (1.8%)*
Echinococcus granulosus s.s. (5.5%)*
Taenia hydatigena Ligurian Alps Regional Park, Italian Maritime Alps Massolo et al. [37]
Taenia krabbei
Taenia ovis
Taenia multiceps
Echinococcus ortleppi
Echinococcus multilocularis
Taenia hydatigena (12%)* Estonia Moks et al. [43]
Taenia multiceps (27%)*
Taenia ovis (15%)*
Taenia pisiformis (8%)*
Echinococcus granulosus s.l. (4%)*
Taenia hydatigena (13.3%)** Germany Bindke et al. [4]
Taenia krabbei (13.3%)**
Taenia hydatigena (11.8%)** Portugal Guerra et al. [25]
Taenia serialis (5.9%)**
Taenia pisiformis (2.9%)**
Taenia polyachantha (1.5%)**
Echinococcus intermedius (G7) (1.5%)**

Percentage refers to a prevalence.


Percentage refers to a frequency.

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