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Research Article

Table 3

Prevalence of other cercarial types detected in Bithynia siamensis siamensis snails in this study.

Cercarial type Taxon Prevalence 2nd intermediate host Definitive host
Parapleurolophocercous Heterophyidae 0.28% (21/7473)
  • Freshwater fishes [45]

  • Avians, mammals [39, 45]

Monostome Notocotylidae 0.19% (14/7473)
  • Non-living objects*, vegetations [39]

  • Avians, mammals [45]

Cystophorous Hemiuridae 0.32% (24/7473)
  • Microcrustaceans [39, 45]

  • Freshwater fishes, amphibians [39, 45]

Xiphidiocercaria (2 subtypes) Lecithodendriidae 4.23% (316/7473)
  • (Aquatic insects and their larvae, crustaceans) [39, 45]

  • Amphibians, avians, bats [45]

Plagiorchiidae
  • All vertebrate classes [39, 45]

Furcocercous (3 subtypes) Sanguinicolidae 0.63% (47/7473)
  • Not required [39, 45]

  • Freshwater fishes [39, 45]

Strigeidae
  • Freshwater snails and fishes, frogs, [39, 45]

  • Avians, mammals [39, 45]

Cyathocotylidae
  • Freshwater fishes [45]

  • Reptiles, avians, mammals [45]

Cercariaeum Lissorchiidae 3.24% (242/7473)
  • Freshwater snails [49]

  • Freshwater fishes [49]

*

Based on our observations during shedding times. Parentheses refer to the second intermediate host of both taxa.

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