Open Access
Review Article

Table 2

Features of the studies included in the qualitative analysis regarding T. callipaeda infection in wildlife in Europe.

Clinical aspects
Country Authors/year Species No. of affected animals Affected eye Ocular signs
Italy Otranto et al. [56] Wolfa 3 Both (2) NA
Right (1)
Italy Otranto et al. [57] Wolf 1 Left NA
Beech martenb 3 Both
Brown harec 3 Both
Wild catd 3 Both
Portugal Sargo et al. [67] Red foxe 1 Both Conjunctivitis
Red fox 2 NA
Portugal Gama et al. [23] Wild rabbitf 2 Both None
Portugal Seixas et al. [69] Beech marten 1 Left None
Romania Mihalca et al. [44] Golden jackalg 1 Both NA
Wolf 1 NA
Wildcat 1 Left
Romania Ionică et al. [32] Beech marten 1 Right NA
European badgerh 1 Both NA
Serbia Pavlović et al. [62] Red fox 3 Left NA
Serbia Gajić et al. [22] Wolf 8 Both NA
Spain Calero-Bernal et al. [7] Red fox 2 Both Right NA
Spain Nájera et al. [48] Wolf 1 Both NA

NA: not available.


Wolf – Canis lupus.


Beech marten – Martes foina.


Brown hare – Lepus europaeus.


Wild cat – Felis silvestris.


Red fox – Vulpes vulpes.


Wild rabbit – Oryctolagus cuniculus.


Golden jackal – Canis aureus.


European badger – Meles meles.

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