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Research Article

Table 1

Characteristics of patients.

Variable CE (n = 232) ESPEN criteria
AE (n = 164) ESPEN criteria
Not malnourished (n = 165) Malnourished (n = 67) p-value Not malnourished (n = 112) Malnourished (n = 52) p-value
Clinical parameters
Age 46.91 ± 13.65 37.73 ± 16.78 0.001* 41.91 ± 14.45 37.35 ± 14.87 0.064
Gender
 Male 69 30 0.680 47 23 0.785
 Female 96 37 65 29
Height 1.67 ± 0.15 1.65 ± 0.13 0.341 1.63 ± 0.11 1.62 ± 0.14 0.621
Weight 66.64 ± 10.91 49.09 ± 11.34 <0.001* 61.72 ± 11.27 48.59 ± 8.92 <0.001*
BMI (kg/m2) 22.26 ± 2.74 17.74 ± 1.52 <0.001* 23.13 ± 3.09 18.14 ± 1.47 <0.001*
ALB (U/L) 36.22 ± 5.01 32.41 ± 4.67 0.001* 36.67 ± 4.51 32.70 ± 5.10 <0.001*
HGB (g/L) 143.56 ± 24.38 136.74 ± 25.96 0.058 136.06 ± 24.52 120.02 ± 25.29 <0.001*
LYMPH (109/L) 1.71 ± 0.60 1.70 ± 0.75 0.901 1.66 ± 0.68 1.73 ± 0.73 0.574
Lesion size 7.62 ± 3.24 11.81 ± 5.85 <0.001* 10.01 ± 4.51 13.74 ± 4.15 <0.001*
Stage of CE [18]/AE [10] 0.154 0.001*
 CE1/I 43 21 29 4
 CE2/II 60 27 25 7
 CE3/IIIa 14 6 9 11
 CE4/IIIb 8 4 18 3
 CE5/IV 40 9 30 26
Hepatitis B 96 28 49 27 0.047*
Gallbladder diseases 51 30 34 35 0.092
Echinococcosis disseminated [21] 14 9 11 17 0.125
Number of comorbidities 0.106 0.255
 0 39 8 22 6
 1–2 77 36 56 25
 3–5 38 16 24 18
  > 5 11 7 10 2

Abbreviations: BMI, Body Mass Index; ALB, albumin; HGB, hemoglobin; LYMPH, Lymphocyte.

*

Values expressing statistical significance (p ≤ 0.05).

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