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Table 1

Prevalence and genotype distribution of Enterocytozoon bieneusi isolates in pigs and wild boars worldwide.

Continents and countries Hosts % (positive/total) Genotypes (no.) Ref.
Americas
 Brazil Pigs 59.3 (54/91) EbpA (7), O (3), PigEb10 (1), H (1), PigEb2 (16), PigEb4 (16), CS-1 (7), PigEb1 (5), PigEb6 (2), PigEb3, PigEb5, PigEb7 – PigEb9, and PigEb11 – PigEb17 (1 each) [8]
 Peru Pigs 100.0 (3/3)a EbpC (3) [7]
 USA Pigs 31.7 (64/202) D, F, PigEBITS5, PigEBITS7, PigEBITS9 and PigEBITS1 – PigEBITS4, PigEBITS6 and PigEBITS8 (17) [4]
Asia
 China Pigs 47.3 (2787/5887) EbpC (1140), EbpA(440), CS-4 (58), PigEBITS5 (53), O (51), D(47), Henan-IV (43), H (40), LW1 (17), CS-1 (17), CHS5 (15), CM8 (11), EbpD (7), CHN1 (4), KIN-1 (3), Henan-III (2), I (2), Henan-I (1), CHG23 (1), CM6 (1), SZZD1 (81), SLTC2 (59), CHG19 (57), SYLA5 (56), EbpB (41), CHC5 (37), SLTC3 (15), PigEB4 (15), CHN7 (14), G (13), CM11 (10), CS-9 (9), SZZA2 (8), HN-1 (6), CS-8 (5), CS-7 (4), XZP-II (4), CS-3 (3), FJF (3), SZZC1 (3), WildBoar8 (3), CHN10, CS-6, HLJ-I, CC-1, SLTC1, SYLA1, SHZA1, HN-2, and XJP-II (2 each), CHN8, CHN9, CS-2, CS-5, CS-10, CHN-RR2, CHG7, FJS, PigITS, PigEBITS3, HLJ-II, HLJ-III, HLJ-IV, SYLA2, SYLA2, SMXBB1, SMXC1, SZZB1, SZZA1, SYLA3, SMXD1, SYLA4, SYLD1, CHG3, SZZD2, SHZC1, SMXD2, SYLC1, HN-3, HN-4, ZJ1, ZJ2, YN1-3, GD1, XZP-I, SCT01, SCT02, and XJP-III (1 each) [18, 19, 22, 2426, 46, 48, 49, 53, 56, 57, 62]
Wild boars 41.2 (147/357) EbpC (85), EbpA (22), SH8 (6), D (1), LW1 (1), PigEBITS5 (1), PigEBITS4 (11), CHC5 (10), WildBoar8 (7), PigEBITS1, SC02, and WildBoar11 (1 each) [21]
 Japan Pigs 33.3 (10/30) H (4), EbpC (2), D, EbpA, and PigEBITS5 (1 each), Mixed/unknown (1) [1]
 Korea Pigs 14.2 (67/472) PigEBITS5 (4), CAF1 (1), H (1), PigEBITS3 (2), and PigEBITS4 (2) [12]
 Thailand Pigs 22.4 (176/787) O (38), E (36), EbpC (20), H (8), F (8), LW1 (6), D (5), EbpA (1), WildBoar5 (9), TMP1b (3), TMP6b (2), PigAYE1 (2), TMP2b – TMP5b, TMP7b – TMP11b, PigAYE2-3, CS-10, and SHZC1 (1 each) [17, 30, 43, 44]
Europe
 Austria Wild boar 13.6 (6/44) Henan-I (3), EbpC (2), D (1) [29]
 Czech Republic Pigs 93.7 (74/79) F (70), D (2), Peru9 (2) [35]
Wild boar 8.7 (20/231) EpbA (10), D (5), EbpC (1), WildBoar4 (2), G (1), and WildBoar3 (1) [29]
 Germany Pigs 23.3 (21/90) F (7), H (2), O (4), E (1), Bfrmr2 (1), G (2), E1, F1, and Bfrmr5 (1 each) [6, 33, 34]
 Poland Wild boar 7.6 (10/129) EbpC (3), EbpA (2), WildBoar5 (2), WildBoar2, WildBoar3, and WildBoar6 (1 each) [29]
 Slovak Republic Wild boar 3.6 (2/56) D (1), WildBoar1 (1) [29]
 Spain Pigs 20.6 (7/34) I (1) [9]
 Switzerland Pigs 25.7 (28/109) EbpA (12), EbpC (7), EbpD (3), EbpB (6) [3]

The genotypes found in humans previously are shown in bold.

a

Genotyping study using confirmed E. bieneusi-positive isolates.

b

Invalid genotypes as the sequences submitted to GenBank contain an incomplete ITS region.

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