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Table 1

Baseline characteristics of the children evaluated.

Parameters Persistent early-appearing anaemia
p-value
No (n = 478) Yes (n = 62) ALL (n = 540)
Female (%) 223 (46.7) 30 (48.4) 253 (46.9) 0.9
Age
 ≤12 months (%) 28 (5.9) 6 (9.7) 34 (6.3) 0.38
 >12–36 months (%) 167 (34.9) 33 (53.2) 200 (37) 0.007
 >36 months (%) 283 (59.2) 23 (37.1) 306 (56.7) 0.002
Temperature > 37.4 °C (%) 308 (64.4) 40 (65.2) 348 (64.4) 1.0
Haematocrit > 35% 172 (36) 9 (14.5) 181 (33.5) 0.001
Parasitaemia (μL−1)
 ≤25,000 (%) 271 (56.7) 25 (40.3) 296 (54.8) 0.02
 >25,000–50,000 (%) 81 (16.9) 13 (21) 94 (17.4) 0.54
 >50,000–100,000 (%) 79 (16.5) 13 (21) 92 (17) 0.49
 >100,000 (%) 47 (9.8) 11 (17.7) 58 (10.7) 0.09
Mean value (95% CI)
 Age (month) 41.3 (39.8–42.7) 35.1 (31.1–39.1) 40.6 (39.2–41.9) 0.005
 Weight (kg) 13.8 (13.4–14.2) 11.6 (10.8–12.5) 13.6 (13.2–13.9) <0.0001
Duration of illness (day) 4 (3.6–4.3) 2.8 (2.2–3.5) 3.8 (3.5–4.2) 0.003
Temperature (°C) 37.9 (37.7–38) 37.9 (37.6–38.2) 37.9 (37.8–40) 0.64
Haematocrit (%) 33.8 (33.5–34.1) 32.1 (31.5–32.7) 33.6 (33.3–33.9) <0.0001
Geometric mean parasitaemia (μL−1) 16,175 (14,284–18,316) 28,427 (20,406–39,600) 17,257 (15,350–19,401) 0.003

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