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Review Article

Table 3

The distribution of the snail host and human schistosomiasis in investigated artificial lakes/dams in Nigeria.

S/N Name of dam Location Size Purpose Year Snail Human infection
1 Kubani Kaduna Medium WS 1975 Positive NI
2 Kangimi Kaduna Large WS, IR 1977 Positive NI
3 Bagoma Kaduna Large WS, IR 1974 Positive NI
4 Zaria Kaduna Large MP 1974 Positive NI
5 Baugauda Kano Large MP 1970 Positive NI
6 Karaye Kano Large MP 1971 Negative NI
7 Tiga Kano Large MP 1975 Positive Positive
8 Jakara Kano Large MP 1976 Negative NI
9 Ruwan Kanya Kano Large MP 1976 Positive NI
10 Tomas Kano Large MP 1976 Positive Positive
11 Kafin Chiri Kano Large MP 1977 Negative NI
12 Tudun Wada Kano Large MP 1977 Negative NI
13 Gari Kano Large MP 1980 Negative NI
14 Marashi Kano Large MP 1980 Negative NI
15 Pada Kano Large MP 1980 Negative NI
16 Watari Kano Large MP 1980 Negative NI
17 Magaga Kano Large MP 1990 Positive NI
18 Challawa Gorge Kano Large MP 1992 Negative NI
19 Kango Kano Large MP UC Negative NI
20 Warwade Kano Large MP NA Negative Negative
21 Birmin Kudu Kano Small MP 1970 Negative NI
22 Rimin Gado Kano Small WS,RC 1978 Positive Positive
23 Dogwala Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
24 Duduvum Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
25 Gata Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
26 Garanga Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
27 Rugunsana Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
28 Gulka Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
29 Iggi Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
30 Guzu Guzu Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
31 Kefin Gana Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
32 Kiwia Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
33 Kiyako Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
34 Kara Dumba Kano Small FL NA Negative NI
35 Malumfashi Katisina Large MP NA Positive Positive
36 Zobe Katisina Large MP NA Positive Positive
37 Kainji Niger Large MP 1968 Positive Positive
38 Oyan Ogun Large MP NA Positive Positive
39 Opa Osun Large WS 1980 Positive Positive
40 Eleiyele Oyo Large WS 1942 Positive NI
41 Oba Oyo Large WS 1964 Positive NI
42 Opeki Oyo Large WS 1967 Positive NI
43 Wurno Sokoto Small MP 1960 Positive Positive
44 Goronyo Sokoto Large MP 1983 Negative Negative
45 Bakolori Zamfara Large MV 1982 Positive Positive

Notes: MP = Multipurpose use, WS = Water supply, RC = Recreation, IR = Irrigation, NA = Not available, NI = Not investigated, FL = Flood control, UC = Under construction, S/N = Serial number, Nil = Not detected.

Large dams are all dams >15 m high or all dams with height 10–15 m having length of crest >500 m and/or reservoir capacity >1 million m3. Medium dams are all dams with height 8–10 m; and Small dams are all dams <8 m high.

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