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Table 1

Trichinella spp. in animals in Iran from 1973 to the present study.

Host Province N. positive/tested (%) Reference
Badger (Meles meles) Gilan and Mazandaran 0/1 [22]
Brown bear (Ursus arctos) Khuzestan 1/16 [22]
Domestic cat Gilan and Mazandaran 0/1 [22]
Domestic dog Gilan and Mazandaran 0/1 [22]
Golden jackal (Canis aureus) Gilan and Mazandaran 38/63 (60.31) [22]
  Isfahan 10/18 (55.55) [34]
  Khuzestan 11/25 (44.00)a [20]
  Gilan and Mazandaran 105/125 (84.00) [13]
  Khuzestan 1/1b [35]
  Mazandaran 1/1c [35]
  Khuzestan 2/18 (11.11) [21]
  Khorasan-e-Razavi 1/12 (8.33) present study
Insectivores Gilan and Mazandaran 0/20 d [22]
  Gilan and Mazandaran 0/26 e [13]
Jungle cat (Felis chaus) Gilan 2/3 [22]
  Khuzestan 0/4 [20]
Lagomorphaf Gilan and Mazandaran 0/28 [13]
Leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) Ardabil 1/1c [25]
Mongoose (Herpestes auropunctatus) Khuzestan 3/10 [24]
Persian gerbil (Meriones persicus) Isfahan 1/29 (3.44) [34]
Red fox (Vulpes vulpes) Isfahan 2/18 (11.11) [34]
Khuzestan 0/6 [20]
  Gilan and Mazandaran 3/10 [13]
  Khorasan-e-Razavi 0/2 [4]
  Khorasan-e-Razavi 0/1 present study
Stripped hyena (Hyena hyena) Isfahan 1/1 [34]
Khuzestan 1/1 [20]
  Khorasan-e-Razavi 0/2 [4]
Stray dog Teheran 0/21 [20]
  Gilan 0/1 [20]
Gilan and Mazandaran 9/100 (9.00) [13]
Isfahan 2/10 [34]
Khuzestan 0/37 [20]
Isfahan 1/75 (1.4) [40]
Khorasan-e-Razavi 3/120 (2.5) [4]
Khuzestan 0/14 [21]
  Khorasan-e-Razavi 5/295 (1.69) present study
Wild boar (Sus scrofa) Gilan and Mazandaran 2/4,950 (0.04) [1]
Gilan and Mazandaran 5/21,143 (0.02) [22]
Khuzestan 1/4 [20]
Gilan 1/1 g [17]
Khorasan-e-Razavi 0/26 [4]
Mazandaran 2/35 (5.7)Tb [33]
  Khorasan-e-Razavi 0/1 present study
Wild rodents Gilan and Mazandaran 0/30h [22]
  Isfahan 0/93i [34]
  Gilan and Mazandaran 0/746l [13]
  Khorasan-e-Razavi 0/25m [4]
a

larvae from two golden jackals were successively identified as Trichinella britovi (see [35]);

b

the isolate has been identified as Trichinella spiralis;

c

the isolate has been identified as Trichinella britovi;

d

20 greater white-toothed shrew (Crocidura russula);

e

13 hedgehogs (Erinaceus europeus) and 13 bicolored shrew (Crocidura leucodon);

f

7 hares (Lepus capensis) and 21 pika (Ochotona rufescens);

g

erroneously identified as Trichinella murrelli (see [19]);

h

house mouse (Mus musculus), wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus) and black rat (Rattus rattus);

i

43 house mouse (Mus musculus), 9 grey hamster (Cricetulus migratorius), 15 short-tailed bandicoot rat (Nesokia indica), 13 Sundevall’s jird (Meriones crassus), 2 wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus), and 11 great gerbils (Rhombomys opimus);

l

56 small five-toed jerboa jerboas (Allactaga elater), 4 dormice (Glis glis), 160 house mice (Mus musculus), 206 wood mice (Apodemus sylvaticus), 10 Indian scaly tailed murine rats (Nesokia indica), 7 rats (Rattus ratoides), 108 hamsters (Cricetulus migratorius and Calomyscus bailwardi), 69 voles (Microtus transcapicus, M. socialis, M. arvalis and M. nivalis), 130 gerbils (Meriones persicus, M. crassus, and Rhombomys opimus);

m

species unknown.

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