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Table 3

A. costaricensis definitive and intermediate hosts described in the literature and comparison with the species found in Martinique. The definitive hosts of A. costaricensis in Martinique could be the rodent species Rattus rattus and Rattus norvegicus. The intermediate hosts could be Sarasinula plebeia, Diplosolenodes occidentalis, Deroceras laeve, and Biomphalaria spp.

Definitive hosts

Order Family Species Found in Martinique Countries & references
Rodentia Cricetidae Sigmodon hispidus No Costa Rica [42], Panama [63], United States [65]
Oligoryzomys (=Oryzomys) fulvescens No Panama [63]
Sooretamys angouya (=Oryzomys ratticeps) No Brazil [20]
Oligoryzomys nigripes (=Oryzomys eliurus) No Brazil [20]
Zygodontomys microtinus No Panama [63]
Oryzomys caliginosus No Colombia [35]
Akodon montensis No Argentina [52]
Muridae Rattus rattus Yes Costa Rica [42], Panama [63], Guadeloupe [25]
Rattus norvegicus Yes Guadeloupe [25]
Heteromyidae Liomys adspersus No Panama [63]
Echimyidae Proechimys sp. No Venezuela [56]
Carnivora Procyonidae Nasua narica bullata No Costa Rica [41,42,57]
Procyon lotor No United States [40]
Didelphimorphia Didelphidae Didelphis virginiana No United States [40]
Primates Hylobatidae Hylobates syndactylus No United States [40]
Aotidae Aotus nancymaae No United States [40]
Cebidae Saguinus mystax No Peru [60]
Intermediate hosts (Gastropods)

Class Family Species Found in Martinique Countries & references
Gastropods: slugs Veronicellidae Sarasinula pleibeia
(= Vaginulus plebeius)
Yes Brazil [29], Nicaragua [12]
Diplosolenodes occidentalis Yes Honduras [5]
Belocaulus angustipes No Brazil [51]
Phyllocaulis variegatus No Brazil [21,51]
Phyllocaulis soleiformis No Brazil [51]
Sarasinula marginata No Brazil [31,37]
Limacidae Limax maximus No Brazil [62]
Limax flavus No Brazil [62]
Agriolimacidae Deroceras laeve Yes Brazil [36]
Gastropods: snails Bradybaenidae Bradybaena similaris No Brazil [51]
Strophocheilidae Megalobulimus abbreviatus No Brazil [62]
Planorbidae Biomphalaria glabrata Considered eradicated from Martinique Brazil [22,32]
Biomphalaria straminea Yes Brazil [32]
Biomphalaria tenagophila No Brazil [2,32]
Achatinidae Achatina fulicaa Yes Brazil [6,16]

Achatina fulica snails are not considered to be major intermediate hosts in the wild.

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