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Table 2

Host-parasite relationships of pennellid copepods infecting deep-sea fish. Scientific names of fish hosts are based on FishBase (2017) [14].

Parasitic copepod Host family Host species Reference
Sarcotretes scopeli Jungersen, 1911 Myctophidae Benthosema glaciale (Reinhardt), Diogenichthys atlanticus (Tåning), Electrona carlsbergi (Tåning), Gonichthys cocco (Cocco), Gymnoscopelus nicholsi (Gilbert), Gymnoscopelus piabilis (Whitley), Protomyctophum choriodon Hulley, Protomyctophum tenisoni (Norman), Krefftichthys anderssoni (Lönnberg), Lampichthys procerus (Brauer), Metelectrona ventralis (Becker), Myctophum punctatum Rafinesque, Notoscopelus resplendens (Richardson), Protomyctophum bolini (Fraser-Brunner), Protomyctophum choriodon Hulley, Protomyctophum tenisoni (Norman), Symbolophorus evermanni (Gilbert) [9,13,18,22,49]
Melamphaidae Scopeloberyx malayanus (Weber), Scopeloberyx opisthopterus (Parr), Scopeloberyx robustus (Günther)
Sternoptychidae Polyipnus asteroides Schultz, Sternoptyx diaphana Hermann
Gempylidae Gempylus serpens Cuvier
Gonostomatidae Cyclothone atraria Gilbert
Macrouridae Hymenogadus gracilis (Gilbert & Hubbs)
Melanocetidae Melanocetus johnsonii Günther
Stomiidae Photostomias tantillux Kenaley
Sarcotretes eristaliformis (Brian, 1908) Sternoptychidae Sternoptyx diaphana (Hermann), Sternoptyx obscura Garman, Sternoptyx pseudobscura Baird [9,13,18]
Macrouridae Hymenocephalus striatissimus Jordan & Gilbert, Nezumia bairdii (Goode & Bean)
Eurypharyngidae Eurypharynx pelecanoides Vaillant
Gonostomatidae Sigmops gracilis (Günther)
Ipnopidae Bathypterois dubius Vaillant
Myctophidae unidentified myctophids
Stomiidae Malacosteus niger Ayres
Sarcotretes longirostris Ho et al., 2004 Nomeidae Psenes pellucidus Luüken [17]
Sarcotretes umitake Uyeno et al., 2014 Macrouridae Coelorinchus jordani Smith & Pope [46]
Lernaeenicus gonostonae Kensley & Grindley, 1973 Gonostomatidae Sigmops elongatus (Günther) [9]
Lernaeenicus quadrilobatus Yamaguti & Utiumi, 1959 Myctophidae Diaphus caeruleus (Klunzinger) [50]
Protosarcotretes nishikawai n. g., n. sp. Stomiidae Chauliodus macouni Bean Present study
Protosarcotretes gnavus (Leigh-Sharpe, 1934) Sternoptychidae Polyipnus spinosus Günther [26]
Protosarcotretes multilobatus (Lewis, 1959) Gigantactinidae Gigantactis sp. [27]
Exopenna crimmeni (Boxshall, 1986) Moriidae Antimora rostrata (Günther) [4]
Cardiodectes bellottii (Richiardi, 1882) Myctophidae Benthosema glaciale, Ceratoscopelus townsendi (Eigenmann & Eigenmann), Ceratoscopelus warmingii (Lütken), Diaphus theta Eigenmann and Eigenmann, Diaphus suborbitalis Weber, Gonichthys cocco (Cocco), Lampadena cf. dea, Lampanyolodes hectoris (Günther), Myctophum affine (Lütken), Nannobrachium leucopsarum (Eigenmann & Eigenmann), Nannobrachium ritteri (Gilbert), Parvilux ingens Hubbs and Wishner, Stenobrachius leucopsarus (Eigenmann & Eigenmann), Symbolophorus californiensis (Eigenmann & Eigenmann) [6,9,49]
Cardiodectes cristatus Shiino, 1958 Myctophidae Diaphanus suborbitalis (as D. glandulifer) [42]
Cardiodectes krishnai Sebastian, 1968 Phosichthyidae Vinciguerria luccetia (Garman) [9]
Cardiodectes longicervicus Shiino, 1958 Myctophidae Myctophum apserum Richardson (as Dasiscopelus asper [sic]) [42]
Ophiolernaea longiceps Shiino, 1958 Sternoptychidae Polyipnus spinifer Borodulina [42]
Parina myctophi Kazachenko & Avdeev, 1977 Myctophidae Myctophum spinosum (Steindachner) [9]

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