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Table 4.

Present and literature-based Leishmania (Viannia) naiffi detection in phlebotomine species.

Phlebotomine species Location L. (V.) naiffi typing Reference
Ps. ayrozai (3) BR 319, Km 866 (RO), BR MLEE Arias et al. (1985) [2]
Ps. paraensis (4) BR 319, Km 866 (RO), BR MLEE Arias et al. (1985) [2]
Ps. squamiventris s.l. (1) Balbina (AM), BR MLEE Grimaldi et al. (1991) [23]
Ps. squamiventris s.l. (1) Cachoeira Porteira (PA), BR MLEE Grimaldi et al. (1991) [23]
Ps. paraensis (1) Benevides (PA) MLEE Silveira et al. (1991) [62]
Ps. ayrozai Benevides (PA) MLEE Silveira et al. (1991) [62]
Ps. davisi Cacaulândia (RO), BR McAb Gil et al. (2003) [22]
Ps. hirsutus Cacaulândia (RO), BR McAb Gil et al. (2003) [22]
Ps. s. maripaensis (1) Sinnamary, FG RNA poly II gene sequencing Fouque et al. (2007) [16]
Lu. tortura (1) Arajuno, EC Cyt b gene sequencing Kato et al. (2008) [29]
Ps. davisi (2) Belterra (PA), BR McAb/MLEE Souza et al. (2016) [65]
Ps. hirsutus (1) Belterra (PA), BR McAb/MLEE Souza et al. (2016) [65]
Ps. wellcomei/complexus (1) Belterra (PA), BR McAb/RNA poly II gene sequencing Unpublished
Ny. anduzei (1) Serra do Navio (AP), BR McAb/RNA poly II gene PCR-RFLP Present study
Ps. s. maripaensis (2) Serra do Navio (AP), BR McAb/RNA poly II gene PCR-RFLP Present study

Notes. All Leishmania (Viannia) naiffi detections were based on microscopic analysis of dissected flies and further in vitro (direct culture) and/or in vivo (inoculation in hamster prior culture) parasite isolation. (): number of infected specimens, when available; McAb: Monoclonal antibodies; MLEE: Multilocus enzyme electrophoresis; poly II: polymerase II; (AM): Amazonas State; (AP): Amapá State; (PA): Pará State; (RO): Rondônia State; BR; Brazil; EC: Ecuador; FG: French Guiana; SU: Suriname.

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