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Table 1.

Species composition, diversity, and infection rate of the Phlebotomine fauna in the Serra do Navio, Amapá State, Brazil, from 1996 to 1999.

S Phlebotomine species Capture method
Total % SIR
CDC ground
CDC canopy
Shannon
Tree bases
♀♀ ♂♂ ♀♀ ♂♂ ♀♀ ♂♂ ♀♀ ♂♂
1 Ny. umbratilis (33) 524 (10) 123 1,634 (12) 731 130 (3) 190 16 (8) 40 3,388 38.43 1.43
2 Ps. squamiventris maripaensis (2) 156 12 134 (1) 1 627 (1) 63 1 1 995 11.45 0.21
3 Ev. infraspinosa 580 36 1 1 5 3 626 7.2
4 Ny. pajoti (2) 61 (2) 16 230 46 101 161 1 4 620 7.13 0.5
5 Ny. anduzei (2) 39 (1) 40 189 (1) 73 26 183 550 6.33 0.78
6 Th. ubiquitalis 183 138 8 4 31 36 400 4.6
7 Ny. whitmani (3) 42 (1) 13 168 12 13 2 4 (2) 37 291 3.35 1.32
8 Ty. trichopyga 56 95 24 16 7 5 203 2.33
9 Ps. hirsutus 32 26 48 40 12 158 1.93
10 Vi. tuberculata 44 94 2 1 141 1.62
11 Ps. paraensis 24 2 39 2 41 8 116 1.33
12 Ev. bacula 15 56 2 17 24 114 1.31
13 Vi. furcata 47 46 1 10 2 106 1.22
14 Lu. gomezi (1) 38 2 11 2 18 (1) 1 4 27 103 1.18 1.4
15 Ps. davisi 23 8 38 5 13 8 95 1.09
16 Pa. aragaoi 47 20 19 3 2 91 1.04
17 Th. brachipyga 27 34 3 1 5 2 72 0.82
18 Ps. amazonensis 16 3 24 4 24 71 0.81
19 Pa. scaffi 4 8 57 69 0.79
20 Ps. geniculatus 19 2 14 14 3 52 0.59
21 Bi. flaviscutellata 18 12 7 1 10 2 50 0.57
Brumptomyia spp. 17 29 46 0.52
22 Pa. barretoi barretoi 1 24 10 1 36 0.41
23 Ps. claustrei 6 4 6 15 31 0.35
24 Pa. dendrophyla 14 1 13 1 1 1 31 0.35
25 Ev. monstruosa 13 1 1 12 27 0.31
26 Ev. evandroi 15 2 2 19 0.21
27 Mg. migonei (1) 2 (1) 8 7 2 19 0.21 10
28 Pi. damascenoi 8 2 6 2 18 0.20
29 Pa. runoides 9 2 1 1 1 14 0.16
30 Pa. bigeniculata 4 1 1 2 6 14 0.16
31 Mi. rorotaensis 4 1 1 5 3 14 0.16
32 Mi. micropyga 9 1 1 11 0.12
33 Sc. sordellii (1) 5 1 1 2 (1) 1 10 0.11 12.5
34 Ev. sericea 5 4 1 10 0.11
35 Pa. dreisbachi 1 8 9 0.10
36 Pr. trispinosa 1 6 1 8 0.09
37 Lu. carvalhoi 4 2 1 7 0.08
38 Lu. spatotrichia 1 3 1 1 6 0.06
39 Ps. carrerai 2 2 1 1 6 0.06
40 Ny. antunesi 2 1 2 5 0.05
41 Ev. inpai 1 3 4 0.04
42 Pa. lutziana 2 1 1 4 0.04
43 Pa. inflata 1 2 1 4 0.04
44 Sc. fluviatilis 2 2 4 0.04
45 Br. travassosi 2 1 3 0.03
46 Pi. serrana 2 1 3 0.03
47 Ny. richardwardi 1 1 2 0.02
48 Pa. abonnenci 1 1 2 0.02
49 Mi. pilosa 2 2 0.02
50 Br. beaupertuyi 2 2 0.02
51 Ev. brachyphalla 1 1 0.01
52 Pi. pacae 1 1 0.01
53 Br. pintoi 1 1 0.01
Total 2,123 644 2,865 938 1,180 713 42 180 8,685
Diversity Taxa (S) 51 45 36 12 54
Individuals 2,767 3,803 1,893 222
Dominance (D) 0.1294 0.402 0.1967 0.2064 0.1852
Shannon (H) 2.627 1.671 2.126 1.795 2.415

(): Number of individuals found with natural infection by flagellates; ♀♀: females; ♂♂: males; bold, species associated with ACL agents occurring in the Guiana Shield on the basis of current literature [6, 16, 53, 55, 65]; SIR: Species Infection Rate.

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