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Table 3.

Vector role of Hyalomma scupense in the Maghreb region.

Tick species Transmitted pathogens Hosts Importance Country References
Hyalomma scupense Theileria annulata Cattle +++ MA, DZ, TN [3, 8, 14, 42]
Theileria equi Horses ++ TN [38]
Anaplasma phagocytophilum Mammals + TN [38]
Anaplasma-like1, 2 ? Presence of DNA MA, TN [41]
Babesia bovis 2 Cattle Presence of DNA TN [32]
Ehrlichia-like1, 2 ? Presence of DNA MA, TN [41]
Different species of Hyalomma spp. Ehrlichia bovis Cattle + TN *
Crimean-Congo Haemorrhagic fever virus Humans NA NA [2, 44]
Different Ixodid species Coxiella burnetii Mammals, including humans +++ MR, MA, DZ, TN, LY [2, 27, 31]

MR: Mauritania; MA: Morocco; DZ: Algeria; TN: Tunisia; LY: Libya.

NA: not available.

1

Sarih et al. [41] were unable to classify these isolates.

2

Only DNA of this pathogen was isolated without showing the vector role of H. scupense.

*

Unpublished data from the Laboratory of Parasitology, École Nationale de Médecine Vétérinaire de Sidi Thabet, Tunisia.

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