Volume 15, Number 3, September 2008Xth European Multicolloquium of Parasitology (EMOP-10, Paris, August 24-28, 2008)
|Page(s)||458 - 462|
|Published online||15 September 2008|
Xth EMOP, August 2008
Molecular markers and sentinel organisms for environmental monitoring
Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Division of Environmental Health Engineering, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
2 Johns Hopkins Center for Water and Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
3 Department of Molecular Microbiology and Immunology, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA
4 School of Mathematical and Natural Sciences, Berry College, Mount Berry, Georgia 30149, USA
* Correspondence: T. K. Graczyk, Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Division of Environmental Health Engineering, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland 21205, USA. Tel.: 410 614 4984 – Fax: 410 955 0105. E-mail: email@example.com
Molecular methods are useful for both to monitor anthropogenic viral, bacterial, and protozoan enteropathogens, and to track pathogen specific markers in a complex environment in order to reveal sources of these pathogens. Molecular genetic markers for fecal viruses, bacteria, and protozoans hold promise for monitoring environmental pollution and water quality. The demand for microbiologically safe waters grows exponentially due to the global demographic rise of the human population. Economically important shellfish, such as oysters, which are harvested commercially and preferentially consumed raw can be of public health importance if contaminated with human waterborne pathogens. However, feral molluscan shellfish which do not have an apparent economic value serve as indicators in monitoring aquatic environments for pollution with human waterborne pathogens and for sanitary assessment of water quality. Current technology allows for multiplexed species-specific identification, genotyping, enumeration, viability assessment, and source-tracking of human enteropathogens which considerably enhances the pathogen source-tracking efforts.
Key words: microbiological monitoring / fecal contamination / fecal source discrimination / molecular markers / sentinel organisms
© PRINCEPS Editions, Paris, 2008, transferred to Société Française de Parasitologie
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