Volume 15, Number 3, September 2008Xth European Multicolloquium of Parasitology (EMOP-10, Paris, August 24-28, 2008)
|Page(s)||449 - 454|
|Published online||15 September 2008|
Xth EMOP, August 2008
Population genetics of fungal diseases of plants
Université Paris-Sud, Laboratoire Écologie, Systématique et Évolution, UMR8079; CNRS, UMR 8079, F-91405 Orsay cedex, France
2 INRA, UMR BIOGER -CPP - AgroParisTech, F-78850 Thiverval Grignon, France
3 INRA, UMR BGPI, TA A 54/K, Campus international de Baillarguet, F-34398 Montpellier cedex 5, France
4 INRA, UMR Santé Végétale (INRA-ENITA), Institut des Sciences de la Vigne et du Vin de Bordeaux, BP 81, F-33883 Villenave d’Ornon, France
5 INRA, UMR 1202 BIOGECO, Équipe de Pathologie forestière, 71, avenue Edouard Bourlaux BP81, F-33883 Villenave d’Ornon Cedex, France
* Correspondence : Tatiana Giraud, ESE, Bâtiment 360, Université Paris-Sud, F-91405 Orsay cedex. Tel.: +33 (0)1 69 15 56 69 – Fax: +33 (0)1 69 15 73 53. E-mail: Tatiana.Giraud@u-psud.fr
Although parasitism is one of the most common lifestyles among eukaryotes, population genetics on parasites lag far behind those on free-living organisms. Yet, the advent of molecular markers offers great tools for studying important processes, such as dispersal, mating systems, adaptation to host and speciation. Here we highlight some studies that used molecular markers to address questions about the population genetics of fungal (including oomycetes) plant pathogens. We conclude that population genetics approaches have provided tremendous insights into the biology of a few fungal parasites and warrant more wide use in phytopathology. However, theoretical advances are badly needed to best apply the existing methods. Fungi are of prime interest not only because they are major parasites of plants and animals, but they also constitute tractable and highly useful models for understanding evolutionary processes. We hope that the emerging field of fungal evolution will attract more evolutionary biologists in the near future.
Key words: isolation by distance / population structure / FST / selfing / outcrossing / clonality / cryptic species
© PRINCEPS Editions, Paris, 2008, transferred to Société Française de Parasitologie
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