Volume 1, Number 1S, March 19943rd CEC Filariasis Network Meeting (Lisbon -IHMT, 4-7 September 1993)
|Page(s)||S10 - S12|
|Published online||01 October 2014|
Prepatency period and some aspects of the epizootiology of Onchocerca ochengi infestation in cattle in the adamawa plateau, Cameroon
Institute of Animal Research, Wakwa, B.P. 65. Ngaoundere, Cameroon.
2 Institut für Tropenmedizin, Wilhelmstrasse 27, 72074 Tübingen, Germany.
3 Fachgebiet Parasitologic Universität Hohenheim, Emil-Wolff-Strasse 34, 70599 Stuttgart, Germany.
4 Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, 61, rue Buffon, 75231 Paris Cedex, France.
In an onchocerciasis endemic area, calves which were one to 24 months old, were examined for palpable Onchocerca ochengi nodules and microfilariae in skin snips. A highly infested bait oxen was used for the production of infective larvae through the vector Simulium squamosum. A prepotent period of about 10 months for the appearance of palpable nodules and skin microfilariae was identified, and the prevalence of nodules (80.5 %) and the microfilarial density (0.74 microfilariae per mg skin biopsy) was highest in the 19-24 months old animals. Peaks of 4.8 infective larvae per blood fed fly were reached during infective larvae production. The ease of counting palpable nodules, collecting blood and skin snips, performing nodu-lectomy, isolating adult worms, keeping these in vitro and producing infective larvae provides favorable conditions for the use of this animal model for in vivo chemotherapy and vaccine development research.
Key words: Onchocerca ochengi / epizootiology / prepatency infective larvae / cattle / Cameroon
© PRINCEPS Editions, Paris, 1994, transferred to Société Française de Parasitologie
Current usage metrics show cumulative count of Article Views (full-text article views including HTML views, PDF and ePub downloads, according to the available data) and Abstracts Views on Vision4Press platform.
Data correspond to usage on the plateform after 2015. The current usage metrics is available 48-96 hours after online publication and is updated daily on week days.
Initial download of the metrics may take a while.