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Table 1

Total number (n) and percentage (%) of the six possible cox1-ITS2 genetic profiles identified using the haploid mitochondrial cox1 gene (first two letters) and the diploid nuclear ITS2 region (last four letters), i.e. “pure” Schistosoma haematobium (S. haematobium cox1 × S. haematobium ITS2: Sh × ShSh), S. bovis genetic signature (S. bovis cox1 × S. bovis ITS2: Sb × SbSb) and four types of hybrid (S. bovis cox1 × S. haematobium ITS2_S. bovis ITS2: Sb × ShSb; S. bovis cox1 × S. haematobium ITS2: Sb × ShSh; S. haematobium cox1 × S. bovis ITS2: Sh × SbSb; S. haematobium cox1 × S. bovis ITS2_ S. haematobium ITS2: Sh × ShSb) per area. Total number (percentage in parentheses) of S. bovis (Sb) and S. haematobium (Sh) cox1 haplotype and ITS2 alleles per site.

Sites Sb × SbSb
Sh × ShSh
Sb × ShSb
Sb × ShSh
Sh × SbSb
Sh × ShSb
Total hybrids
All total Cox1 haplotypes
ITS2 alleles
n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) n (%) Sb Sh Sb Sh
Adzopé 3 (0.6) 101 (20.4) 47 (9.5) 320 (64.7) 4 (0.8) 20 (4.0) 391 (79.0) 495 370 (74.7) 125 (25.3) 81 (8.2) 909 (91.8)
Agboville 9 (1.8) 170 (33.9) 59 (11.8) 90 (18.0) 34 (6.8) 139 (27.7) 322 (64.3) 501 158 (31.5) 343 (68.5) 284 (28.4) 718 (71.6)
Sikensi 3 (0.49) 311 (51.0) 49 (8.0) 184 (30.2) 2 (0.33) 61 (10.0) 296 (48.5) 610 236 (46.3) 374 (53.7) 120 (9.8) 1100 (90.2)
Duekoué 0 209 (37.5) 19 (3.4) 314 (56.3) 3 (0.54) 13 (2.33) 349 (62.5) 558 333 (59.7) 225 (40.3) 38 (3.4) 1078 (96.6)
Total 15 (0.7) 791 (36.6) 174 (8.0) 908 (42.0) 43 (2.0) 233 (10.8) 1358 (62.7) 2 164 1097 (50.7) 1067 (49.3) 523 (12.1) 3805 (87.9)

χ2 test of difference of relative frequencies between sampling sites: χ2 = 555.9; df = 15; p < 0.0001. Binomial test of S. bovis vs. S. haematobium allele’s equipartition: Cox1, p = 0.27; ITS2, p < 0.00001.

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