Open Access
Research Article

Table 1

Plasmodium spp. detected by microscopy and PCR. Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu have been classified as high endemic areas for P. knowlesi infection. Meanwhile, Kedah, Selangor, Putrajaya, and Kuala Lumpur have been described as low-endemic areas despite co-existing macaques and the human population.

Locality Sample collected, N (%) BFMP
PCR for Plasmodium spp.
+ve (%) −ve (%) +ve (%) −ve (%)
Kedah 59 (14.1) 0 (0.0) 59 (100) 0 (0.0) 59 (100)
Kelantan 22 (5.1) 2 (9.1) 20 (90.9) 2 (9.1) 20 (90.9)
Terengganu 58 (13.8) 19 (32.8) 39 (67.2) 18 (31.0) 40 (69.0)
Pahang 188 (44.9) 184 (97.9) 4 (2.1) 176 (93.6) 12 (6.4)
Selangor 56 (13.4) 0 (0.0) 56 (100) 0 (0.0) 56 (100)
Sabah 4 (1.0) 4 (100) 0 (0.0) 4 (100) 0 (0.0)
W.P. Putrajaya 2 (0.5) 0 (0.0) 2 (100) 0 (0.0) 2 (100)
W.P. Kuala Lumpur 30 (7.2) 2 (6.7) 28 (93.3) 2 (6.7) 28 (93.3)
Total 419 (100.0) 211 (50.4) 208 (49.7) 202 (48.2) 217 (51.8)

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