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Table 5

Detailed characteristics of patients with positive serology.

Case No. Gender-Age (years) Migrant/Traveler Travels S. stercoralis serology index Other serologies (index or result/threshold)
Microscopic examination of stools (no. of stools) Eosinophil count (G/L) Clinical data Final classification
Filariasis Toxocariasis Other
1 M-48 Traveler Madagascar, French Guiana 4.6 nd nd S. stercoralis (3) 1.5 Larva currens Proven
2 M-24 Migrant Ethiopia, Sudan, Libya, Italy 2.7 Positive (2.0) Positive (1.0) S. stercoralis (4) 1.1 Asymptomatic Proven
3 M-32 Migrant Gabonese Republic 3.7 nd nd S. stercoralis (3) 0.8 Abdominal pain Proven
4 F-19 Migrant Mayotte 4.2 nd nd S. stercoralis, Trichuris trichiura (3) 1.7 Occasional diarrhea Proven
5 M-35 Migrant Ethiopia 3.4 Positive (3.0) Negative Ascaridiosis, trichinellosis (negative) S. stercoralis (3) 0.9 HIV infection, gastric pain Proven
6 M-35 Migrant Cameroon, Benin 2.9 Positive (2.6) Positive (1.1) Ascaridiosis (negative) S. stercoralis, Necator americanus (1) 1.3 Proven mansonellosis, fever Proven
7 F-40 Traveler Thailand 1.1 Positive (1.7) Negative Ascaridiosis, trichinellosis (negative), angiostrongylosis (positive WB) S. stercoralis (2) 1.9 Epigastric pain, acute myocarditis Proven
8 M-80 Migrant Martinique Island 4.1 Positive (1.1) Negative S. stercoralis (2) 2.2 Diarrhea, weight loss Proven
9 M-54 Migrant Reunion Island 2.1 nd nd S. stercoralis (2) 0.6 Intermittent abdominal pain Proven
10 F-47 Migrant Guinea 2.9 Negative Negative Ascaridiosis, trichinellosis (negative) Negative (2) 1.20 Chronic coughing and fever Probable
11 M-25 Migrant Ethiopia 2.5 Negative Negative S. mansoni (3) 0.50 Digestive discomfort Probable
12 M-23 Migrant Sudan 2.5 Negative Negative Negative (1) 0.05 Abdominal pain Probable
13 M-16 Migrant Guinea 2.4 Negative Negative Negative (1) 0.43 Abdominal pain, digestive bleeding Probable
14 M-35 Migrant Afghanistan 2.7 Positive (1.9) Negative Negative (2) 0.24 Diarrhea, digestive discomfort, epigastric pain Probable
15 M-13 Migrant Guinea 3.5 Positive (1.5) Negative S. mansoni (3) 0.50 Abdominal pain, diarrhea, itching Probable
16 M-36 Traveler Mali 1.7 Negative Negative Negative (1) 1.26 Dyspnea Probable
17 M-48 Traveler Gabonese Republic, Cameroon 3.5 Positive (3.3) nd Negative (3) 2.85 Tenesmus, loaosis Probable
18 F-35 Migrant Polynesia 1.6 Positive (1.3) nd Negative (1) 0.24 Fever under azathioprine treatment Probable
19 F-67 Traveler Cameroon, Republic of Cabo Verde 1.5 Negative nd Ascaridiosis (negative) Negative (3) 0.14 Coughing, constipation Probable
20 M-25 Migrant Guinea 1.7 Negative Negative Negative (2) nd Meteorism, bloating Probable
21 M-28 Migrant Democratic Republic of Congo 1.4 nd nd Negative (3) 0.24 Epigastric pain Possible
22 M-24 Migrant Sudan 1.0 nd nd Negative (3) 1.77 Abdominal pain, diarrhea Possible
23 F-5 Migrant Romania 2.1 Negative Positive (13.1) Ascaridiosis (positive IEP) Ancylostomatidae Eggs (3) 12.18 Geophagy, toxocariasis Possible
24 M-27 Traveler Democratic Republic of Congo 2.8 Positive (21.7) Negative Ancylostomatidae Eggs (2) 0.79 Proven mansonellosis Possible
25 F-47 Traveler Tunisia, Morocco 1.3 nd Negative Trichinellosis (negative) Enterobius vermicularis (3) 0.44 Abdominal pain, fatigue Possible
26 M-15 Migrant Guinea, Senegal 1.3 Positive (1.6) Negative Trichuris trichiura (4) 0.09 Abdominal pain, constipation Possible
27 M-77 Migrant Cameroon 2.8 Positive (3.4) Negative Trichinellosis (negative) Negative (3) 0.86 Clinical loaosis Possible
28 F-66 Migrant Cameroon 1.2 Positive (1.9) nd Negative (1) nd Proven loaosis Possible
29 F-53 Traveler Haiti 1.9 nd Positive (3.3) Anisakidosis (negative) Negative (3) nd Toxocariasis Possible
30 F-23 Traveler Peru 1.1 nd Negative Ascaridiosis (negative) Negative (2) 0.18 Diarrhea, abdominal pain Possible
Anisakidosis (0.59/0.40)

nd: not determined; WB: Western-Blot; IEP: Immunoelectrophoresis.

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