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Table 4

Distribution of the pooled prevalence of Entamoeba spp. according to taxonomic class and interaction with humans.

Study Taxonomic class Overall prevalence (%) 95% CI Weight (%)
Mammals 12 6–19 78.60
Guimarães et al. [103] Rodents 2 0–12 7.05
Chagas et al. [55] Rodents 10 3–29 5.17
Barbosa et al. [18] Non-human primates 34 31–36 7.27
David et al. [68] Non-human primates 23 14–37 5.29
Gilioli and Silva [95] Guara wolf 23 11–40 4.65
Diniz et al. [71] Anteaters 3 1–8 7.21
Zanetti et al. [217] Dogs 4 2–6 7.34
Rosales and Malheiros [173] Dogs 16 10–23 6.64
Campos-Filho et al. [45] Dogs 1 0–5 7.37
Barbosa et al. [17] Pigs 22 19–25 7.26
Radavelli et al. [164] Goat 2 1–5 7.36
Souza et al. [203] Sheep 17 10–28 6.01
Birds 6 1–12 21.40
Souza et al. [204] Birds 22 9–45 3.68
Marietto-Gonçalves et al. [132] Birds 2 1–5 7.35
Freitas et al. [92] Birds 7 5–9 7.33
Gallo et al. [93] Emus 23 8–50 3.03
Interaction with humans
Free-living wild animals 3 1–7 18.08
Captive wild animals 16 3–29 36.92
Domestic pets 6 1–10 21.35
Domestic farm animals 15 1–29 23.66

Abbreviations: 95% CI, 95% confidence interval

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