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Table 5

Occurrence of taeniasis in relation to risk factors.

Risk factor (N = ) Taeniasis
Odds ratio (95% CI) p value
Yes No
Sex
 Male (118) 19 99 4.030 (1.758–9.239) 0.001*
 Female (198) 9 189
Age
 <30 (55) 6 49 1.330 (0.513–3.452) 0.556
 ≥30 (261) 22 239
Raising Pigs
 Yes (194) 25 169 5.868 (1.732–19.882) 0.001*
 No (122) 3 119
Method of raising pigs
 Free (86) 19 67 7.562 (2.892–19.772) 0.001*
 Crated/Restrained (166) 6 160
History of faecal excretion of tapeworm proglottids
 Yes (90) 17 73 4.552 (2.038–10.166) 0.001*
 No (226) 11 215
History of raw pork consumption
 Yes (234) 26 208 5.000 (1.160 – 21.555) 0.022*
 No (82) 2 80
History of raw beef consumption
 Yes (86) 11 75 1.838 (0.823 – 4.101) 0.180
 No (228) 17 213
Method of defecation
 Open defecation (46) 5 41 1.310 (0.471–3.639) 0.604
 Toilet (270) 23 247

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