Open Access

Table 3

Acaricidal activity.

Country Part(s) Extraction Main Compound(s) Application(s) Mite Activity(ies) Ref
Brazil, Amazonas (Ducke Reserve) Leaves Hexane extract+HD Dillapiole (94.84%) Immersion Tick (Rhipicephalus microplus) Larvicide (0.1mg/mL=100%) [92]
Brazil, Amazonas Leaves HD Dillapiole (52.37%), γ-terpinene (8.98%) Contact Contact (gelatine nanoparticles) Mite (Tetranychus urticae) Adulticide (LC50=56.5μg/mL, LC90=84.3μg/mL; loaded nanoparticles 500μg/mL=100%) [94]
Brazil, Pernambuco Leaves HD Dillapiole (76.5%) Fumigation Residual contact Mite (Tetranychus urticae) Adulticide (fumigation: LC50=0.008μl/L air; residual: LC50=5.83μL/mL) Repellence to oviposition (fumigation: 0.001μL/L air=40%; residual: 0.0001μL/mL=30%) [4]
Brazil, Pernambuco Leaves HD Dillapiole (28%), α-humulene (1.6%), (E)-nerolidol (0.07%), β-caryophyllene (0.21%) Fumigation Contact Mite (Tetranychus urticae) Adulticide (Fumigation LC50=0.01μL/L air; Contact LC50=7.17μL/mL) Repellence (RC50=0.04μL/mL) [3]
Cuba, La Habana Leaves HD Camphene, camphor, piperitone, viridiflorol Contact Mite (Varroa destructor) Adulticide (25μL/Petri dish=100%) [78]
HD: hydro-distillation, LC50: lethal concentration for 50%, LC90: lethal concentration for 90%, RC50: repellent concentration for 50%.

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