Open Access
Review Article

Table 1

Different phytochemical additives against coccidiosis in poultry.

Phytochemical Effect on gut health and immune response
Areca Nut (Areca Catechu L.)
  • Reduced caecal lesion scores.

  • Enhanced immunity through the production of interleukin 2 (IL-2) [83]

Bidens Pilosa
  • Disrupted life cycle of E. tenella [12, 91]

  • Enhanced T-cell mediated immunity [14, 92]

Carvacrol
  • Increased growth performance and intestinal barrier function [20

  • ltered gut physiology

  • Interference with the life cycle of E. tenella by destroying sporozoite membrane [42]

Curcumin
  • Maintenance of gut integrity [88]

  • Interference with life cycle by inhibiting E. tenella sporozoites [11]

Cinnamaldehyde
  • Improved chicken growth performance and altered caecal microbiota composition [90]

Garlic (Allium Sativum)
  • Increased resistance to experimental Eimeria acervulina infection [62, 71]

  • Induced alterations in broiler intestinal microbiota

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