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Review Article

Table 5

Gender identification and intensity of T. callipaeda infection in the eyes of dogs, cats and red foxes from the cross-sectional studies.

Species References Positive animals Thelazia callipaeda
Intensity of infection
Total Female Male Sex ratio (F:M) Min. Max. mean ± SD
Dog Otranto et al. [52] 21 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Malacrida et al. [40] 28 NA NA NA NA 1 23 NA
Miró et al. [45] 182 762 548 214 2.6:1 1 28 4.2 ± 4.73
Hadži-Milić et al. [25] 178 NA NA NA NA 1 78 NA
Maia et al. [39] 22 178 128 50 2.6:1 1 35 8.08 ± 9.49
Marino et al. [41] 115 NA NA NA NA NA NA NA
Marino et al. [41] 113 NA NA NA NA NA NA 9.2 ± 16.7
Total 659 940 676 264
Cat Motta et al. [47] 17 NA NA NA NA 1 10 2.8
Maia et al. [39] 4 17 11 6 1.8:1 1 14 4.3 ± 6.5
Total 21 17 11 6
Red fox Malacrida et al [40] 7 27 NA NA NA 1 10 NA
Otranto et al. [57] 37 139 97 42 2.3:1 1 13 3.8 ± 2
Hodžić et al. [28] 51 364 NA NA NA 1 50 8.08 ± 9.41
Čabanová et al. [6] 7 45 31 14 2.2:1 2 12 6.4 ± 4.4
Ionică et al. [31] 151 3350 2300 1050 2.2:1 1 192 23.2
Total 253 3925 2428 1106

NA: not available, SD: standard deviation.

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