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Table 3

A comparison of Brachiella species in terms of their locality, host, and attachment site.

Species Locality Host Family Attachment site
Brachiella malayensis n. sp. Terengganu, Malaysia Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède, 1800) Scombridae Nostrils
Brachiella magna Kabata, 1968 Queensland, Australia Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède, 1800) Scombridae Gills
Brachiella cybii Pillai, Prabha et Balaraman, 1982 Trivandrum, India Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832) Scombridae Nostrils
Brachiella thynni Cuvier, 1830 [A tuna, as suggested by the specific epithet] Scombridae Gills
Scomber thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Gills
“Thon” Scombridae Gills
Axelhulen, Denmark “Albecorer” = Thunnus alalunga? Scombridae
“Baracottaer, Barracuder” = barracuda? Sphyraenidae
Trieste, Italy “Thynnusagtige Makrelfisk” = tuna-like mackerel fish Scombridae
Coasts of Belgium Sciaena umbra Linnaeus, 1758 Gills
Plymouth, England Thynnus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Pectoral fin
Mediterranean Thynnus vulgaris” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Gills
Plymouth, England Thynnus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae
Sciaena aquilla” = Argyrosomus regius (Asso, 1801) Sciaenidae
As “Thynnicola Ziegleri Bakar, Croatia Thynnus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Pectoral fin
Polperro, Cornwall, England Thynnus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae
Orcynus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Gills
Cornwall, England “tunny fish” Scombridae Gills
Bakar, Croatia Thynnus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Gills
Ceylon (Sri Lanka) Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) Pomatomidae Axil of pectoral fin
Gulf of Mexico
Off Owase, Japan Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832) Scombridae Around fins
Hawaii Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832) Scombridae external surface
British waters?
Kerala, India [Other localities and hosts’ names were probably cited after other authors, based on all available records] Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae
Thunnus macropterus” = Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788) Scombridae
Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832) Scombridae
Chirocentrus dorab (Forsskål, 1775) Chirocentridae
Indocybium lineolatum= Scomberomorus lineolatus (Cuvier, 1829) Scombridae
Orcynus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae
Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) Pomatomidae
Sciaena aquilla” = Argyrosomus regius (Asso, 1801) Sciaenidae
Sciaena umbra Linnaeus, 1758 Sciaenidae
Sciaena rubra” = Sargocentron rubrum (Forsskål, 1775) Sciaenidae
Scomberomorus cavalla” = Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill, 1815) Scombridae
Yeosu, Korea Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre, 1788) Scombridae Body surface
Brachiella elegans Richiardi, 1880 Italy Lichia glauca” = Trachinotus ovatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Carangidae Branchial arches
Brachiella sp. (elegans Rich.?)” Portoferraio, Tyrrhenian Sea Lichia amia (Linnaeus, 1758) Carangidae Gill cavity
Woods Hole, USA, Atlantic Seriola lalandi Valenciennes, 1833 Carangidae Gill cavity
Eobrachiella elegans” ([64] specimens) Woods Hole, USA, Atlantic Seriola lalandi Valenciennes, 1833 Carangidae Gill cavity
Charopinus quaternius Wilson, 1935” Dry Tortugas, Gulf of Mexico Peristedion gracile Goode et Bean, 1896 Peristediidae Gills
Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gills
As “Brachiella coryphaenae Pearse, 1952” Gulf of Mexico Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gills and opercula
Charopinus quaternius Grand Isle, IL, USA Scomberomorus cavalla” = Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill, 1815) Scombridae
As “Brachiella coryphaenae Vizhington, India Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gill filaments
Charopinopsis quaternia – (In reference to [65] records)
Charopinopsis quaternia – (based on Wilson’s [65] specimens)
Charopinopsis quaternia Oahu, Hawaii Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gill filaments
Charopinopsis quaternia Daito Is., Japan Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gill
Charopinopsis quaternia Key West, Gulf of Mexico Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gills
Brachiella quaternia new comb.
Brachiella seriolae Yamaguti et Yamasu, 1960 Kojima Bay, Japan Seriola quinqueradiata Temminck et Schlegel, 1845 Carangidae Pectoral fins
Eobrachiella elegans f. seriolae Kojima Bay, Japan Seriola quinqueradiata Temminck et Schlegel, 1845 Carangidae Pectoral fins
Species Locality Host Family Attachment site Reference
Brachiella malayensis n. sp. Terengganu, Malaysia Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède, 1800) Scombridae Nostrils Present study
Brachiella magna Kabata, 1968 Queensland, Australia Scomberomorus commerson (Lacepède, 1800) Scombridae Gills [22]
Brachiella cybii Pillai, Prabha et Balaraman, 1982 Trivandrum, India Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832) Scombridae Nostrils [49]
Brachiella thynni Cuvier, 1830 [A tuna, as suggested by the specific epithet] Scombridae Gills [11]
Scomber thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Gills [61]
“Thon” Scombridae Gills [36]
Axelhulen, Denmark “Albecorer” = Thunnus alalunga? Scombridae [56]
“Baracottaer, Barracuder” = barracuda? Sphyraenidae
Trieste, Italy “Thynnusagtige Makrelfisk” = tuna-like mackerel fish Scombridae [56]
Coast of Belgium Sciaena umbra Linnaeus, 1758 Gills [59]
Plymouth, England Thynnus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Pectoral fin [2]
Mediterranean Thynnus vulgaris” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Gills [7]
Plymouth, England Thynnus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae [3]
Sciaena aquilla” = Argyrosomus regius (Asso, 1801) Sciaenidae
As “Thynnicola Ziegleri Bakar, Croatia Thynnus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae At pectoral fin [35]
Polperro, Cornwall, England Thynnus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae [39]
Orcynus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Gills [53]
Cornwall, England “tunny fish” Scombridae Gills [64]
Bakar, Croatia Thynnus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae Gills [64]
Ceylon (Sri Lanka) [29]
Gulf of Mexico Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) Pomatomidae Axil of pectoral fin [4]
Off Owase, Japan Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832) Scombridae Around fins [54]
Hawaii Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832) Scombridae External surface [33]
British waters? [25]
Kerala, India [other localities and host names were probably cited after other authors, based on all available records] Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae [48]
Thunnus macropterus” = Thunnus albacares (Bonnaterre, 1788) Scombridae
Acanthocybium solandri (Cuvier, 1832) Scombridae
Chirocentrus dorab (Forsskål, 1775)
Indocybium lineolatum= Scomberomorus lineolatus (Cuvier, 1829)
Orcynus thynnus” = Thunnus thynnus (Linnaeus, 1758) Scombridae
Pomatomus saltatrix (Linnaeus, 1766) Pomatomidae
Sciaena aquilla” = Argyrosomus regius (Asso, 1801) Sciaenidae
Sciaena umbra Linnaeus, 1758 Sciaenidae
Sciaena rubra” = Sargocentron rubrum (Forsskål, 1775) Sciaenidae
Scomberomorus cavalla” = Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill, 1815) Scombridae
Yeosu, Korea Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre, 1788) Scombridae Body surface [60]
Brachiella elegans Richiardi, 1880 Italy Lichia glauca” = Trachinotus ovatus (Linnaeus, 1758) Carangidae Branchial arches [51]
Brachiella sp. (elegans Rich.?)” Portoferraio, Tyrrhenian Sea Lichia amia (Linnaeus, 1758) Carangidae Gill cavity [8]
Woods Hole, USA, Atlantic Seriola lalandi Valenciennes, 1833 Carangidae Gill cavity [64]
Eobrachiella elegans” ([65] specimens) Woods Hole, USA, Atlantic Seriola lalandi Valenciennes, 1833 Carangidae Gill cavity [16]
Charopinus quaternius Wilson, 1935” Dry Tortugas, Gulf of Mexico Peristedion gracile Goode et Bean, 1896 Peristediidae Gills [65]
Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gills
As “Brachiella coryphaenae Pearse, 1952” Gulf of Mexico Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gills and opercula [42]
Charopinus quaternius Grand Isle, IL, USA Scomberomorus cavalla” = Scomberomorus maculatus (Mitchill, 1815) Scombridae [10]
As “Brachiella coryphaenae Vizhington, India Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gill filaments [47]
Charopinopsis quaternia – (In reference to [65] records) [66]
Charopinopsis quaternia – (based on Wilson’s [66] specimens [21]
Charopinopsis quaternia Oahu, Hawaii Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gill filaments [33]
Charopinopsis quaternia Daito Is., Japan Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gill [28]
Charopinopsis quaternia Key West, Gulf of Mexico Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus, 1758 Coryphaenidae Gills [16]
Brachiella quaternia new comb. Present study
Brachiella seriolae Yamaguti et Yamasu, 1960 Kojima Bay, Japan Seriola quinqueradiata Temminck et Schlegel, 1845 Carangidae Pectoral fins [67]
Eobrachiella elegans f. seriolae Kojima Bay, Japan Seriola quinqueradiata Temminck et Schlegel, 1845 Carangidae Pectoral fins [16]

Fish name validity verified after Fricke et al. [12]; –: no data provided.

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