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Table II.

Principal traits on the comparative biology of Anopheles, Aedes and Culex mosquitoes.

Common points Anopheles Aedes Culex
Hematophagy Only adult females are hematophagous

Number of blood meals Each female generally takes several blood meals during its life, that can last several months

Egg clutch After the digestion of a blood meal, the female clutches eggs in water collections

Differences Anopheles Aedes Culex

Preferential habitat Preferentially rural but also suburban or urban, above all in Africa Variable according to the species, but sometimes strictly urban

Day period of biting Nocturnal (but some crepuscular species in South America) Diurnal Nocturnal

Modality of biting A sole bite Harasses its host until the meal is complete Generally a sole bite

Flight type Silent Noisy

Aspect of the bite Not painful, few inflammatory signs Sensitive with inflammatory signs of more or less extent

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